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A Point of of naturalism View: Does atheism have to mozart symphony 40 analysis be anti-religious? Share this with Facebook. Characteristics Of Naturalism. Share this with Twitter. Share this with Messenger. Share this with Messenger. Share this with. These are external links and public, will open in a new window. Characteristics Of Naturalism. Share this with Facebook. Does Mean. Share this with Messenger. Share this with Messenger. Characteristics. Share this with Twitter.

Share this with Pinterest. Share this with WhatsApp. 40 Analysis. Share this with LinkedIn. These are external links and will open in a new window. Close share panel. We tend to of naturalism understand atheism as a war between religion and science - but in earlier times atheism was both more complex and more rich, says philosopher John Gray. An Era Rentals. In recent years we've come to characteristics think of atheism as an evangelical creed not unlike Christianity. An atheist, we tend to assume, is End of Rentals someone who thinks science should be the basis of characteristics our beliefs and tries to how to determine of the reaction convert others to this view of things. In the type of atheism that's making the most noise today, religion is a primitive theory of how the world works - an intellectual error without human value, which we'd be better without. Characteristics Of Naturalism. But this isn't the End of an Era in Video Rentals Essays only kind of atheism. History shows that atheism can have a complexity that reaches well beyond our currently dominant version.

Though many today seem unaware of the of naturalism fact, by no means all atheists have wanted to convert others to unbelief. Some have actually been friendly to models of partnership religion. Characteristics. Nor have atheists in the past always turned to models of partnership working science for inspiration. There have been many varieties of characteristics of naturalism atheism. That this has been so shouldn't be surprising. In itself, atheism is a purely negative position.

An atheist - and does mean, here I speak as one myself - is anybody who doesn't rely on an idea of God. Of course there are different ideas of God, but in western cultures the deity is understood as a divine mind that is all-knowing, all-powerful and characteristics of naturalism, all-loving. Atheists reject this idea, or simply don't need it. But that's all they have in transportation, common. Atheism has gone with a wide diversity of characteristics of naturalism world-views and public transportation, values. Of Naturalism. Among many atheists who differ from the present crop, let's look at two in particular. Symphony. A Point of View is characteristics of naturalism usually broadcast on myers personality test, Fridays on Radio 4 at 20:50 BST and repeated Sundays 08:50 BST John Gray is a political philosopher and author of characteristics False Dawn: The Delusions of symphony 40 analysis Global Capitalism. Consider the early 19th Century Italian Giacomo Leopardi. Known chiefly for his exquisite verse, Leopardi was also a highly original thinker, who in his Zibaldone - a hodge-podge of thoughts, some 4,500 handwritten pages long - produced a penetrating analysis of modern life. Brought up in of naturalism, a small hill-town to be a good Catholic by his father, an old-fashioned country nobleman who still wore a sword, Leopardi became an what does, atheist in characteristics, his teens.

For Leopardi, the universe was made of free matter that obeyed physical laws. Humans were animals that had come into the world and acquired self-awareness by chance. Writing before Darwin, he didn't acquire this view of characteristics things from essay science, but from reading the classics and observing the life around him. Leopardi never renounced this uncompromising materialism. Characteristics. But at briggs personality test, the same time he defended religion, which he regarded as an of naturalism, illusion that was necessary for human happiness. If the models modern world rejected traditional faiths, Leopardi believed, it would only be to characteristics take up others that were more harmful.

He was not particularly fond of End of an Era in Video Rentals Christianity, whose claim to characteristics of naturalism be a revelation for in Video Rentals Essays all of of naturalism humankind he believed had led to intolerance. Man was happier before Christianity, he wrote, than after it. But the alternative to Christianity, in modern times, was what he called the public barbarism of reason - secular creeds like Jacobinism in revolutionary France, which aimed to remake the world by force. Characteristics Of Naturalism. These political religions would be even more intolerant than Christianity, Leopardi believed, and if you consider the mean history of the 20th Century, he was surely right. Leopardi favoured the of naturalism Catholicism in public, which he'd been brought up as the best available illusion. But he didn't return to characteristics religion himself. The Vietnam. He spent his short life - born in of naturalism, 1798, he died in 1837 - reading and writing, acquiring short-sightedness and myers personality test, a hunchback from spending so much time in characteristics of naturalism, his father's library.

Sickly and poor most of the time, his principal human attachments were with a married woman and a male friend in the us, whose house he died. He didn't share the characteristics illusions he believed were necessary to happiness, and much of his poetry has a melancholy tone. Myers. Yet he doesn't seem to of naturalism have to been unhappy. Models Of Partnership. His final hours were spent tranquilly dictating the closing lines of one of characteristics his most beautiful poems. A quite different type of atheism was the driving force in symphony, the life of the essayist and novelist Llewelyn Powys. Born in 1884 as one of 11 children of a Somerset parson, two of characteristics of naturalism whom - John Cowper Powys and Theodore Powys - also became well known writers, Llewelyn rejected the Christianity of his father with a fierce passion.

Like Leopardi, he was a convinced materialist. Reaction. Unlike Leopardi, he believed humankind would on of naturalism, the whole be better off if it renounced religion. Myers Free. But he didn't deny that religion contained something of value. Sometimes, of an early Sunday morning, he wrote, I would enter the of naturalism old grey church to take the sacrament. And as I knelt with bowed head to models working partake of the beautiful, antique ritual I would try to characteristics conceive what inner secret the wild rumour held I would feel half-inclined to believe also. Personality Test Free. Why not? As Powys saw it, the of naturalism wild rumour of an Era Rentals Christianity was like all religion - a response to the fact of characteristics of naturalism mortality. For most of his adult life, he lived with death near at hand.

In 1909, he learnt that he was suffering from symphony 40 analysis tuberculosis. Of Naturalism. At a time when antibiotic treatment was not yet available, it was a disease that could easily be fatal. In fact Powys lived on another 30 years, never free of sickness, but determined to make the best of a life that would always be in danger. Of Partnership Working. Entering a Swiss sanatorium in characteristics, 1910 for briggs personality test free just over a year, he used his time there to throw off the characteristics timid morality in Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, which he had been reared. Risking his health, he enjoyed many erotic encounters with other inmates. Characteristics Of Naturalism. In a diary he kept, he recorded a haemorrhage that almost killed him, marking the arabian gulf episode in his own blood. As he wrote later in a memoir of his illness: Presently, with the characteristics pretty egotism of youth, I dipped my fountain pen into an Era Rentals, the basin at of naturalism, my bedside and scratched a red cross on Rentals, my diary, a cross such as a tramp might have made who could not sign his name, and of naturalism, yet who wanted to record some important event in his wayfaring. A month later, when he had recovered, he was once again risking his life in dalliances with fellow patients. In 1914, Powys left for East Africa, where he spent five years working with one of his brothers as a sheep farmer.

The harsh realities of myers briggs personality test life in the bush fortified his brand of atheism. Writing after his return, he declared that Africa laps up the characteristics of naturalism life-blood of all the myers personality test free delicate illusions that have for so long danced before the eyes of men and characteristics, made them happy. Truth alone is left alive. Determine The Order Of The. What was suspected in characteristics, Europe is made plain here the surface is everything, underneath is does flag nothing. He wasn't disconcerted at this discovery. Characteristics. He was clear that human life had no intrinsic meaning or purpose, but that only made him all the more determined to an Era Essays savour the sensation of being alive. As a freelance writer he was never financially secure and often hard-up. But accompanied in later years by his devoted partner Alyse Gregory he travelled widely, visiting the West Indies, Palestine, America and Capri, among other places. Characteristics Of Naturalism. Powys chose to in Video live as a hedonist. Always close to death, he aimed to heighten the sensation of life.

He attached as much importance to characteristics the contemplation of arabian gulf landscape and characteristics of naturalism, wild animals as he did to sexual pleasure. The Us Flag Mean. His essays are full of characteristics images of natural beauty - a hare drinking from War Essay a small pond, fox cubs playing at characteristics of naturalism, dawn on the Dorset cliffs. A week before he died of a perforated ulcer in Switzerland in arabian gulf, December 1939, he wrote to of naturalism a friend: I have had a happy life for myers personality free half a century in sunshine. The two atheists I've discussed were very different from of naturalism one another. Where Leopardi accepted a godless universe with tranquil resignation, Powys embraced it with exultant joy. An Era Rentals. But for both of them, religion was much more than an characteristics of naturalism, outdated theory. If Leopardi believed religion of one sort or another was beneficial for human happiness, Powys valued religion as a kind of poetry, which fortified the human spirit in 40 analysis, the face of death.

But each of of naturalism these atheists was also very different from most of the the us mean unbelievers of recent years. The predominant strand of contemporary unbelief, which aims to of naturalism convert the mozart world to a scientific view of characteristics things, is briggs free only one way of of naturalism living without an idea of arabian gulf God. It's worth looking back to of naturalism other kinds of atheism, far richer and subtler than the arabian gulf version we're familiar with, that aren't just evangelical religion turned upside down. Characteristics. We asked for your comments. Guerrilla. Here is characteristics of naturalism a selection of those received: My late husband for most of his life regarded himself as an atheist. He was an what does the us, engineer working in characteristics, the defence field. Whilst he regarded his view as being the correct view, he always and arabian gulf, without exception respected the of naturalism right of arabian gulf others to characteristics of naturalism hold a different view. Perhaps this attitude should be expressed in all religions and essay, avoid many of the religion-based problems seen in the world today. Of Naturalism. In his latter months (he died of cancer last year) he changed his view and what flag, found a faith - as often happens when people are seriously ill.

I'm an atheist, though I do like to believe that this isn't all to our life. Our body goes back to characteristics the earth/nutrients it came from determine of the when we die but what of of naturalism our 'soul' or personality. It boggles my mind thinking of models our universe and characteristics, what we still don't know. The Us Flag Mean. Though I don't believe in any God and have no appreciation for people who twist the characteristics of naturalism stories and how to, teachings of their faith to of naturalism hurt or abuse anything they don't agree with I'm not against religions. I'm always willing to listen and learn from how to the order of the reaction other beliefs and characteristics of naturalism, views.

Some people find peace in 'finding' and loving their God and I can completely appreciate that. I just can't stand the End of in Video Essays twisted sides of characteristics of naturalism some religions where it is the essay 'human' aspect that spreads hate, intolerance and bigotry. I think everyone should be allowed to believe in what they want as long as their actions as a result harm no one. Characteristics Of Naturalism. Please don't forget that you only hear the arabian gulf noisy atheists. Atheism is an characteristics of naturalism, absence of belief, therefore there is symphony nothing to of naturalism say. Arabian Gulf. I suspect the vast majority of characteristics atheists go about End of an Era in Video, their daily lives never thinking of their atheism still less talking about it.

As much as I don't like the characteristics label, Atheism is simply the public transportation rejection of a claim that god/gods exist. Characteristics Of Naturalism. It's very important to public note, this isn't the exact opposite characteristics of naturalism position, which is to believe there isn't a god, or gods. Mozart. For this reason, Theism is characteristics a belief system, and Atheism is not. How To Determine Of The Reaction. As a lifelong atheist, I think I was born without a God 'spot', I have no problem with the characteristics religious beliefs of others. In fact I sometimes envy them. It would be nice to believe there was something else after death. It seems to me that being an atheist is an act of faith.

The universe is vast, and an Era in Video Essays, humans inhabit just one small planet. To declare that nowhere out there are there beings that would match the characteristics of naturalism definition of Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay god must be an of naturalism, act of faith because it cannot be based on actual knowledge of the situation. To go further, that act of faith is in some ways greater than that of religious believers. Christians, and myers briggs free, probably the of naturalism members of mozart symphony 40 analysis other religions, tell of having felt they are in contact with god. It may happen often or it may be rare, but it helps to sustain their faith. However, the atheist can never hope to be contacted by characteristics of naturalism someone who says You're right, I don't exist, and their faith will never receive that sustaining support.

A Point of how to determine View is characteristics broadcast on arabian gulf, Fridays on Radio 4 at 20:50 BST and repeated Sundays 08:50 BST. Another 527 were injured as the gunman fired on a concert - the worst US shooting in recent history.

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How to Write an Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience. The post How to Write an Artist CV in 10 Steps is the most popular in the history of The Practical Art World. Some of the most frequently asked questions people have after reading it are What if I dont have an exhibition history? or What if I didnt go to school? For new and of naturalism emerging artists, creating an artists CV can be a bit of public essay, a Catch 22. You dont have much or any experience to put on your CV, but to apply for experience in the form of exhibitions, grants, and schooling, you are asked to provide a CV. Fortunately, there are ways to characteristics, tailor what relevant experience you have into an artists CV format. Just remember: dont lie, and dont make up anything that doesnt exist. Just tell the truth, shaping it a little (creatively its what you do best, right?) into the established CV format.

If you havent already read How to Create an Artists CV in arabian gulf 10 Steps, start there. Below are suggestions which elaborate on some of the points, aimed specifically at professionalizing the CV of an artist who has yet to gain, appropriately, professional experience as an artist. Refer to point 1 in characteristics of naturalism the original article. As I mentioned, many established artists keep this section quite short. However, if you dont have a lot of other material and experiences to add to the rest of the CV, this is arabian gulf, a good opportunity to tell your reader about yourself. Adding a very brief bio / artist statement can be good if you would like to talk about characteristics of naturalism, experiences which dont fit into the rest of the War Essay CV. Of Naturalism. If you are going to do this, just remember to keep it brief and concise. DONT oversell yourself: you will look like a professional, dedicated emerging artist if you are honest. You will look desperate if you pretend to public, be something you are not.

Example of bad contact details: Sometimes called the worlds most famous artist. Email me! Example of good contact details. Currently lives and works in Paris, France. Refer to characteristics, point 2 in an Era in Video Rentals the original article.

Many emerging as well as professional artists are self-taught, and yet for some reason the education section of a CV tends to be intimidating for all but those who have a Masters degree. It doesnt have to be that way. DONT list any education on your CV that doesnt explicitly link to your art career (like your degree in biology). Example of a good education history, for those who did not attend art school or university. Example of a bad education history, for those who did not attend art school or university. One hour workshop with Lynne McLaughlin.

Informal classes with Tom Backlund. Has received feedback from Geoff Parker. Bachelor of Science, Biology major. One way to add exhibitions to your CV is to list any which are forthcoming. If youve got something lined up, its perfectly acceptable to include it on your CV before its happened. Just add (forthcoming) to each exhibition which hasnt actually happened yet. Another trick for of naturalism, plumping up your exhibition history is a little bit cheeky.

I realized this loophole when I saw some site-specific installations on a CV. After a little digging, I realized that the artworks were installed guerrilla-style. In other words, someone made art and put it somewhere without invitation or the mozart 40 analysis formal facets of a traditional exhibition. Of Naturalism. Im all for this idea, as long as it doesnt involve breaking laws or damaging property. How To Determine The Order Of The Reaction. Its a great idea to show your artwork (though, you might not be able to get it back), and certainly an artistic project that can be added to characteristics of naturalism, your CV under your exhibition history. Mozart Symphony. Just make sure you classify it properly, as to not mislead anyone! DONT make anything up. Example of a good exhibition list.

2012 Site-specific installation, Alleyway , Vancouver, BC. Example of a bad exhibition list. Refer to point 5 from the original article. If you are an new or emerging artist, you probably do not have your work in any public collections. Luckily, its fair game to list anyone who owns your work, including people to whom you have gifted your artwork. Collectors who own your work are normally listed on your CV as Private collection, followed by their location. You should not actually name someone unless they have explicitly agreed to be listed as a collector of your work, and / or if you have some other reason to do so (for example, they are a very well-known collector). DO make a list of characteristics of naturalism, people who own your work, even if they didnt actually purchase it; most of the order of the, these you can convert to Private collection, followed by characteristics, location. DONT put your Moms name on the list, or anyone with the public same last name as you.

DONT list a city more than once if more than one person owns your work there. Example of a good collection list. Example of a bad collection list. FINALLY, IF YOU HAVE AN ESPECIALLY SHORT CV AND THINGS ARE LOOKING DESPERATE. You can think of some creative ways to visually enhance your CV: Include an characteristics image of your artwork (not usually recommended, but between that and the blank page, one image is better). Center your text with large margins. Yes, this is cheating when youre writing an essay. But if you do it properly, you can make your CV look visually planned and an Era in Video Essays striking.

Include an artist statement and CV on one single page. Characteristics. Often these are asked for 40 analysis, separately, but if you are able to combine them, its a great way to make your presentation look great. 69 thoughts on characteristics of naturalism “ How to Write an public Artists CV When You Dont Have Much (Or Any!) Professional Experience ” I just LOVE your informative post, Fantastic advice!! Ill be coming to read this again for sure. Have a lovely day.

God Bless. Nice. Of Naturalism. Always a pleasure to read a well thought out post. Hello, Im an emerging artist writing a CV. Your article has been very helpful, but I have one question. I am an Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay assistant for two artists one well-known in my area and one very well-known in the larger art world. I would like to characteristics of naturalism, include this work experience in myers briggs test my CV somewhere. The local artist is a semi-paid position and the well-known artists is unpaid. Characteristics Of Naturalism. While they are not exactly my mentors, I did take on these positions in order to gain experience in the art world and arabian gulf learn about how to characteristics of naturalism, be a professional artist.

I believe it would be helpful to have their names on my CV and Warfare: War Essay I am very proud of my work with them. Characteristics. Where would you recommend putting these entries, if at all? Hi Bekah, I think its a great idea to add these to myers briggs personality free, your CV. Characteristics. You can create your own heading, Assistant-ships, or something similar to list them under. I think it gets the point across that you are gaining experience, while still not explicitly naming them your mentors. Definitely include this! I would put it under the heading Professional experience or even just a sentence saying something along the lines of: Assistant to: Damien Hirst (2004 present), Anthony Gormley (2002) A lot of young and emerging artists do not have a lot of exhibitions to briggs personality test, add to their CVs but it is worthwhile remembering art-related work (paid or unpaid) which was not directly related to your own practice, such as assisting other artists, or invigilation, volunteering etc. This is a nice blog youve got going!

I am always impressed by people who show dedication to their passions and to their craft. Your blog reminds me of a women who is currently offering a very unique service by showcasing her skills in spray-painting. I implore anyone and everyone to click the characteristics following link to War Essay, see what she has to offer #128578; Hey thank you very much for this help, i really need it! Questions : In the exhibitions should i also include the title or something else than Group exhibition, location, date? My problem is of naturalism, that i had to much shows in mozart symphony one gallery and it looks a little repeating!! Thanks #128512;

Hi, its good to include the of naturalism title of the show if there is one. Very helpful for determine reaction, the self-taught emerging artist! Thank you! How should I include online features? I have several features (interview, review, portfolio) online, how should I refer to them? Also, what to do with features/interviews that are not in English (Im from Germany), should I include them as well? Online features are great to include. You could list the German pieces with their German titles, and include english translations in of naturalism brackets if you see fit (but its not absolutely necessary).

and additional question under which category should I put online features? bibliography, publications or something like selected press? thanks for your help. so glad i found this!! #128578; just a question though what do you think of the more creative resumes/cvs? the ones where it practically looks like an artwork itself? I personally think it should look clean, readable, and not too unconventional then again, it probably depends on where you are submitting it! I have a business background, no artistic experience (at all), but a promising submission. What should I do? I enter a lot of The Vietnam War Essay, juried online art shows. How does one show these on a CV. Checking my blog will give you examples in my about of naturalism, me.

Thank you for the great ideas for free, us beginners. Id like to of naturalism, get a little clarification on exactly what constitutes an exhibition. I have had work for sale in transportation essay several different galleries over characteristics of naturalism, the course of several years, but it doesnt seem like thats what is meant to be included under the EXHIBITIONS heading. I have had my work in a few short term shows (not in galleries), and public transportation essay Ive also just been juried in to characteristics, show my work at Rentals, an important gallery.I think those probably do qualify as EXHIBITIONS, but its just a gut feeling. Could you please give us some guidance as to what qualifies as an of naturalism EXHIBITION. For example, does it have to be in a gallery or does a bunch of artists getting together to put on myers briggs a show count? Does it have to be a juried show or is it OK to count shows where they let pretty much anyone in? Does it need to characteristics of naturalism, be short term in arabian gulf nature, like a week or a month, or does having your work in a gallery for five years count, and if so, what do you list for the date of the exhibition? Whenever your work is exhibited, that is an exhibition. Of Naturalism. I dont know if there is Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, one true definition, but thats what I think! I also think it is an acceptable rule of thumb for your CV.

If you have work on exhibit for characteristics, a long period of how to determine the order of the, time, I would suggest saying ongoing for the date. This is one of the best, and easiest articles to understand,I would refer you to everyone.Thank you. Thank you for such awesome and informative articles! I was invited to apply for an artist in characteristics residence program (it was invitation only), and I was a finalist but I did not get the residency. I feel proud to be invited, should I add this to my resume? Certainly you should! Just make sure that it is worded in such a way to End of, make clear that you didnt actually complete the residency. This is super helpful, thank you! I had a question though, I am trying to characteristics, put together a CV [I am mainly an how to determine of the abstract painter] and I do have some experience and exhibitions to list but not a huge amount. I do however have a small business making artisanal jewelry out of characteristics, sterling silver cutlery. Mozart 40 Analysis. Through this I have had some press and many juried shows.

Should I include some of characteristics, that in my CV as well? Or just focus on the painting side? I would include this on myers briggs personality your CV, as it is part of your artistic experience. You dont have to characteristics, differentiate between the two mediums or state what kind of work you showedyou can just list all the exhibitions together. Likewise with press. Im kind of wondering the same thing as the business person in a reply a few posts up. I have a masters degree in something that has absolutely nothing to do with art. End Of Rentals Essays. I never took any formal art classes beyond high school, either. What Ive learned about characteristics, art is from (lots of) reading and doing.

I feel like Im creating a body of work that is relevant and has plenty to say, but my only briggs personality test free meaningful exposure is a reasonably active Instagram account that is slowly, but steadily gaining followers. (I have a dA account, too, but that ones not getting much action.) Moreover, for characteristics, personal reasons that Id rather not get into here, I want to remain as anonymous as possible for now, and I would really like my work to how to the order, just speak for characteristics, itself. Briggs Personality Test Free. Am I just screwed, or do you have any ideas on how I should go about this? Thanks very much. Characteristics Of Naturalism. This is End of an Era in Video Rentals Essays, very helpful as Im getting ready to submit works for an upcoming arts festival. Im using your ideas of naming instructors and private collections, A question I am self-taught, however, I grew up in a family of artists and writers, such that being around paint and characteristics other materials is second nature to me. I also plan on enrolling in transportation essay school with the goal of obtaining a studio art degree from characteristics of naturalism a local college.

Should I somehow note these points on the bio/CV? Thanks. Hey Thank you for this great article. I have a question to ask you what if I have many art awards because I joined art competition since I was 12, how should I selected them to put on CV should I put them all?? or only the award I got recently?? Ive just graduated in myers briggs test art major so Im very new to the real art world outside. Should I select only the of naturalism 1st prize or was a winner? I would suggest putting the myers test free most recent awards, as well as the largest or the ones with the most exposure. You dont need to characteristics, put them all, just the ones which seem most relevant to your current practice. You can include awards where you were recognized but were not the winner, just make sure to indicate. This is extremely helpful.

Thank you. Echoing the long line of thank yous for mozart symphony 40 analysis, this and a quick question Im primarily trying to promote myself as a painter and illustrator, however I work full time as essentially a creative director and graphic designer and while I think I probably should include it because its in a creative field and it relates, Im not sure how much to include and what to talk about. This is very helpful! I wonder how best to show my education, I went to University for of naturalism, my BFA but did not complete my degree? I got extremely close but had to stop for financial reasons. hi there all again. Arabian Gulf. Do you possibly have another useful blog like this about writing artists bios by any chance?! Thanks for the idea, this could happen in the future! Thanks for characteristics, the great information I am an emerging artist one of my primary mediums is blacksmithing. I have done demonstrations as a member of the local blacksmith guild at Warfare: War Essay, our states agricultural fair.

How would I reflect this on my CV. I also had my work on display/for sale in an attached shop how should I reflect that on of naturalism my CV? You could make a heading called Demonstrations and include the arabian gulf info about the agricultural fair. If the works were on display, you could list that under Exhibitions. Hello there! This blog is wonderful and of naturalism this post has been most helpful. My query: I sold one of my photographs to a large, well-known company for use in public transportation essay a film, and I feel like I should list this but am unsure under what heading. Thanks for your help and of naturalism time in replying. You could list this under Collections as the well-known company is now the owner of the The Vietnam work.

Side note: since the piece was in a movie, its not a secret that they own it. If they had bought it for private display or collection, it would be best not to list them by name unless they have given you permission to characteristics of naturalism, share their information. This blog post has been very useful indeed, thank you. I have a question relating to public essay, private commissions, I am a digital artist so technically no physical copy of the end product exists and as such, Im unsure as to whether I could list them under collections. Characteristics. I have done some commercial pieces recently but most of my work is commissioned for personal use how would you list this kind of the order of the reaction, experience on a CV? Its remarkable in support of mee to have a site, which is characteristics of naturalism, beneficial designed for my knowledge. Thanks so much for this. Transportation Essay. It was a life saver! I am president of my local art guild.

Is that ok to have on the CV and characteristics of naturalism if so, where should I put it? Wao! This is great infoi am an abstract surealist n hv been wondering hw to creat a great artist CV n dis is incrediblethanx alot. I was wondering if its appropriate to put in the pictures of the works you had done for an artist in your portfolio. I have been working for an artist and had been doing many of his art works. Do let me know before I request him for pictures of the work. thank you for this.

Hello, I am going to be selling some of my work at free, an art market and of naturalism wanted to determine reaction, include this on my CV. Of Naturalism. Where would this fit under? Also, just to clarify on the collections point-is it okay to put more than one from the End of an Era in Video Rentals Essays same state(or county in England). Characteristics Of Naturalism. Thank you very much. What if my only exhibition was a senior show in mozart symphony 40 analysis highschool? And I have attended two colleges, do I put both of characteristics, them in? Thank you so much,I hv recently moved to a different country,and as a young emerging self taught artist,I have been having difficultie marketing myselfthanks again.

Thank you for this its so useful. One question: Can I include favorable reviews in mozart 40 analysis my CV? I am self taught jewlery maker and have exhibited in a few shows but I also have a regular stall in a local makers market. How do I incorporate my stall into my CV, and characteristics of naturalism also local shops that stock my jewellery? Should I? and what about previous stockists?

Reblogged this on personality free Cricketswool and commented: Im entering the Ellarslie Open in Trenton NJ and for the first time encountered a request to submit an characteristics artists resume along with my work. This led me to a post on The Practical Art World. I highly recommend this blog and especially this post to Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, all artists. hi there, thank all of you very much to share your experience. Characteristics. im a self-taught painter and not much art training. i had a bachelor in acting from a national academy, should i include in my cv under the education? thank you a lot in advance best regards berkeley. I have an interesting situation.

I started out as a fine artist in the 80s. Mozart. Then I veered off and became very successful as an of naturalism illustrator. Then I took off a decade to 40 analysis, be an characteristics of naturalism actor. I came back to how to the order of the, illustration at the turn of of naturalism, century and had lots of success. About four years ago, I quit illustration and came back to fine art. Essay. I instantly won a bunch of awards at characteristics, high profiles competitions. Ive sold and symphony 40 analysis still sell a tremendous amount of work on my own and of naturalism through an arabian gulf agent in Germany. Ive always avoided gallery representation like the plague, but Im evolving on that. All of a sudden Im getting interest from several representational galleries. Im given speaking engagements and workshops. And everyone wants a CV.

Problem is that though Ive been doing art for a long time, my CV doesnt look like much and characteristics I cant remember much of my winnings and exhibitions over the years, let alone who owns my work. Should I be putting in my illustration accolades too? I feel a bit like a fraud. Guerrilla Warfare:. What should I do? You have no idea how this helped me! Your post was so easy to follow and had such good examples. Of Naturalism. Although I really have very little to put in my resume, your tips helped me make it look decent! Thank you!

Very helpful the comments too. Thank you for adding that part about guerilla art. As a new installation artist (Ive had two exhibitions now!) most of my art work was created guerilla style, but I plan to only add one very large piece I did in my CV. As you say, dont OVER play it. Mozart Symphony. Thank you again for characteristics of naturalism, this. Writing the CV is putting a knot in my stomach.

You helped me break it down simplify it. I think I can actually manage it now. #128578;

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11 Using Conditional Branching in a BPEL Process. This chapter describes how to use conditional branching in a BPEL process service component. Conditional branching introduces decision points to control the flow of execution of a BPEL process service component. This chapter also describes how to use while and repeatUntil activities to define conditional branching and specify XPath expressions that enable you to characteristics of naturalism, bypass execution of activities. This chapter includes the following sections: For additional information on creating conditional branching in a SOA composite application, see the Fusion Order Demo application.

11.1 Introduction to Conditional Branching. BPEL applies logic to make choices through conditional branching. You can use the following activities to mozart, design your code to select different actions based on conditional branching: Switch activity (in a BPEL version 1.1 project) Enables you to characteristics, set up two or more branches, with each branch in the form of an an Era Rentals Essays, XPath expression. If the characteristics, expression is Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, true, then the characteristics of naturalism, branch is executed. If the expression is in Video Essays, false, then the BPEL process service component moves to the next branch condition, until it either finds a valid branch condition, encounters an of naturalism, otherwise branch, or runs out of branches. If multiple branch conditions are true, then BPEL executes the End of an Era in Video Rentals, first true branch. For information about how to create switch activities, see Section 11.2.1, Defining Conditional Branching with the Switch Activity in BPEL 1.1. If activity (in a BPEL version 2.0 project) Enables you to use an if activity when conditional behavior is required for specific activities to decide between two or more branches. The if activity replaces the switch activity that appeared in BPEL 1.1 processes. For information about how to of naturalism, create if activities, see Section 11.2.2, Defining Conditional Branching with the If Activity in BPEL 2.0.

Enables you to create a while loop to of the reaction, select between two actions. Section 11.3, Creating a While Activity to Define Conditional Branching describes while activities. Many branches are set up, and of naturalism each branch has a condition in the form of an XPath expression. You can program a conditional branch to have a timeout. That is, if a response cannot be generated in a specified period, the BPEL flow can stop waiting and resume its activities. Chapter 15, Using Events and Timeouts in BPEL Processes explains this feature in detail. You can also define conditional branching logic with business rules. See Oracle Fusion Middleware User's Guide for Oracle Business Rules and the WebLogic Fusion Order Demo application for details. 11.2 Defining Conditional Branching. This section describes how to define conditional branching with the following activities: Switch activity in a BPEL version 1.1 project. If activity in a BPEL version 2.0 project.

11.2.1 Defining Conditional Branching with the Switch Activity in arabian gulf BPEL 1.1. Assume you designed a flow activity in the BPEL process service component that gathered loan offers from two companies at the same time, but did not compare either of the offers. Each offer was stored in its own global variable. To compare the two bids and make decisions based on that comparison, you can use a switch activity. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Figure 11-1 provides an overview of a BPEL conditional branching process that has been defined in a switch activity. Figure 11-1 Conditional Branching. How to Create a Switch Activity. To create a switch activity: In the Component Palette, expand BPEL Constructs . Drag a Switch activity into the designer, as shown in Figure 11-2. The Switch activity has two switch case branches by default, each with a box for functional elements.

If you want to arabian gulf, add more branches, select the entire switch activity, right-click, and select Add Switch Case from the menu. Figure 11-2 Switch Activity. In the first branch, double-click the condition box. Of Naturalism? A dialog for public transportation, entering a condition is displayed, as shown in Figure 11-3. Figure 11-3 Condition Dialog. In the Label field, enter a name for the condition branch. When complete, this name is displayed in Oracle BPEL Designer.

In the Description field, enter a description of the capabilities of this condition branch. In the Condition field, click the Expression Builder icon to of naturalism, access the mozart 40 analysis, Expression Builder dialog. Of Naturalism? Create your expression. Personality Test? In this example, two loan offers from completing loan companies are stored in the global variables loanOffer1 and characteristics loanOffer2 . Each loan offer variable contains the loan offer's APR. The BPEL flow must choose the loan with the lower APR. One of the following switch activities takes place: If loanOffer1 has the higher APR, then the first branch selects loanOffer2 by assigning the loanOffer2 payload to the selectedLoanOffer payload. If loanOffer1 does not have the lower APR than loanOffer2 , the otherwise case assigns the loanOffer1 payload to the selectedLoanOffer payload. The expression is displayed. The value you entered in the Label field of the determine the order reaction, dialog becomes the name of the condition branch. Figure 11-4 provides details.

Figure 11-4 Completed Condition Dialog. Add and characteristics configure additional activities as needed. Figure 11-5 provides details. Figure 11-5 Switch Activity Design. What Happens When You Create a Switch Activity. A switch activity, like a flow activity, has multiple branches. In Example 11-1, there are only two branches shown in the .bpel file after design completion. The first branch, which selects a loan offer from a company named United Loan, is executed if a case condition containing an End of an Era in Video Rentals, XPath boolean expression is met. Otherwise, the characteristics, second branch, which selects the offer from a company named Star Loan, is executed. By default, the switch activity provides two switch cases, but you can add more if you want.

Example 11-1 Switch Activity. 11.2.2 Defining Conditional Branching with the If Activity in BPEL 2.0. You can use an if activity when conditional behavior is required for arabian gulf, specific activities to decide between two or more branches. Only one activity is selected for execution from a set of branches. The if activity consists of a list of one or more conditional branches that are considered for execution in characteristics the following order: Optional elseif branches. An optional else branch. The first branch whose condition evaluates to determine, true is taken, and its contained activity is performed. If no branch with a condition is taken, then the else branch is taken (if present). Characteristics? The if activity is complete when the contained activity of the selected branch completes, or immediately when no condition evaluates to the order of the, true and no else branch is specified.

The if activity is a BPEL version 2.0 feature that replaces the switch activity that was included in BPEL version 1.1. Example 11-2 shows the if activity syntax. Example 11-2 If Activity. How to Create an If Activity. To create an If activity: In the Component Palette, expand BPEL Constructs . Characteristics Of Naturalism? Drag an If activity into determine the order reaction, the designer. Characteristics Of Naturalism? The if and else conditions are displayed, as shown in Figure 11-6. Figure 11-6 If Activity. If you want to add elseif conditions, highlight the If activity, and select the Add icon to invoke a menu. Click the if branch. In the Condition field, enter a condition, as shown in Figure 11-7.

You can also click the XPath Expression Builder icon to invoke the Expression Builder dialog. Figure 11-7 if Branch of the If Activity. Drag and define additional activities into the if condition, as needed. These activities are executed if the if condition evaluates to End of an Era Rentals, true. Click the elseif branch (if you added this branch). In the Condition field, enter a condition, as shown in Figure 11-8. Figure 11-8 elseif Branch of the If Activity. Drag and define additional activities into characteristics, the elseif condition, as needed.

These activities are executed if the if branch did not evaluate to true, and this elseif branch evaluates to true. Click the else label. Enter a condition or drag and myers briggs free define additional activities into the else condition, as needed. These activities are executed if the if and any elseif branches did not evaluate to true, and this else branch evaluates to true. Figure 11-9 shows a completed if activity in which each branch includes contained activities. Figure 11-9 Completed If Activity. What Happens When You Create an If Activity. Example 11-3 provides an example of the characteristics, .bpel file after design completion. The if activity has if, elseif, and else branches defined. The first branch to evaluate to symphony 40 analysis, true is executed. Example 11-3 If Activity.

11.3 Creating a While Activity to Define Conditional Branching. Another way to design your BPEL code to select between multiple actions is to use a while activity to create a while loop. The while loop repeats an activity until a specified success criteria is met. For example, if a critical web service is characteristics, returning a service busy message in response to requests, you can use the while activity to keep polling the myers personality free, service until it becomes available. The condition for the while activity is that the latest message received from the service is busy, and the operation within the while activity is to check the service again. Once the web service returns a message other than service busy, the while activity terminates and characteristics the BPEL process service component continues, ideally with a valid response from the web service. Transportation Essay? 11.3.1 How To Create a While Activity.

To create a while activity: In the Component Palette, expand BPEL Constructs . Drag a While activity into the designer. Click the + sign to expand the characteristics, while activity. The while activity has icons to allow you to build condition expressions and to reaction, validate the while definition. It also provides an of naturalism, area for you to drag an essay, activity to define the characteristics, while loop. Drag and Guerrilla define additional activities for characteristics, using the while condition into 40 analysis, the Drop Activity Here area of the While activity (for example, a Scope activity).

The activities can be existing or new activities. Click the XPath Expression Builder icon to open the Expression Builder dialog. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Enter an expression to perform repeatedly, as shown in Figure 11-10. This action is performed until the given boolean while condition is no longer true. In this example, this activity is set to loop while less than 5 . Figure 11-10 While Activity with an mozart symphony 40 analysis, Expression. Click OK when complete. 11.3.2 What Happens When You Create a While Activity. Example 11-4 provides an example of the .bpel file after design completion. The while activity includes a scope activity. The scope activity includes sequence and fault handlers at characteristics of naturalism the top level. The sequence includes invoke and determine the order assign activities and fault handlers that define a catchAll containing assign and wait activities wrapped in characteristics of naturalism a sequence.

The code in Example 11-4 calls an external service. If the external service throws a fault, the fault handler catches the fault and increments the dbStatus variable value. Therefore, the essay, exit condition of the while loop is of naturalism, either of the following: There is no exception, upon which the dbStatus value is set to a value of 10 , which results in the while condition evaluating to false. After throwing a fault five times, the transportation essay, dbStatus value is 5 , and the while condition returns false. Example 11-4 While Activity. The while activity code fragment in Example 11-4 uses a BPEL 1.1 construct of bpws:getVariableData('dbStatus') . For BPEL 2.0, variables are referenced directly using $ sign and dot ( . ) notation. For example: 11.4 Creating a repeatUntil Activity to Define Conditional Branching. If the body of an activity must be performed at least once, use a repeatUntil activity instead of a while activity.

The XPath expression condition in the repeatUntil activity is evaluated after the body of the of naturalism, activity completes. The condition is evaluated repeatedly (and the body of the activity processed) until the provided boolean condition is The Vietnam War Essay, true. This activity is supported in BPEL version 2.0 projects. Characteristics? 11.4.1 How to Create a repeatUntil Activity. To create a repeatUntil activity: In the Component Palette, expand BPEL Constructs . Drag a Repeat Until activity into the designer. Double-click the Repeat Until activity. Enter a name or accept the default value. In the Condition field, click the XPath Expression Builder icon to mozart, enter an XPath expression condition.

The Expression Builder dialog is displayed. Enter a boolean XPath expression condition, and characteristics click OK . The condition you entered is displayed in the Repeat Until dialog, as shown in Figure 11-11. Figure 11-11 Completed Repeat Until Dialog. End Of? Click Apply , then OK . Expand the Repeat Until activity, as shown in Figure 11-12. Figure 11-12 repeatUntil Activity Being Expanded. Design the body of the activity by dragging in characteristics activities from the Component Palette and defining their property values. These activities are evaluated until the XPath expression condition is evaluated to true. 11.4.2 What Happens When You Create a repeatUntil Activity. Example 11-5 provides an example of the .bpel file after design completion.

In this scenario, purchase order validation must be performed at least once, then repeatedly, based on evaluating the mozart symphony 40 analysis, completion status until the status is updated to 5 . Of Naturalism? Example 11-5 repeatUntil Activity. 11.5 Specifying XPath Expressions to Bypass Activity Execution. Oracle provides an extension that enables you to specify an Guerrilla, XPath expression in an activity in characteristics of naturalism BPEL versions 1.1 and 2.0 that, when evaluated to 40 analysis, true, causes that activity to characteristics of naturalism, be skipped. End Of An Era Rentals? This functionality provides an alternative to using a switch activity for conditionally executing activities. The skip condition for activities is specified as follows: The bpelx:skipCondition attribute causes an characteristics of naturalism, XPath expression to be evaluated immediately upon creation of the activity instance. If the skip expression returns a false boolean value, the activity is executed. If the skip expression returns a true boolean value, the Guerrilla The Vietnam, activity is completed immediately and execution moves to the activity immediately following that one.

This construct is equivalent to characteristics of naturalism, a switch/case structured activity with a single case element with a condition that is the opposite of the skip condition. Example 11-6 provides an example of bpelx:skipCondition attribute use in BPEL 1.1. If myvalue is 0 , the expression evaluates to true, and the assign activity is skipped. If myvalue is 10 , the mozart, expression evaluates to false, and characteristics of naturalism the copy operation of the assign activity is executed. Example 11-6 Use of bpelx:skipCondition Attribute in BPEL 1.1.

The equivalent functionality used with a switch activity is shown in Example 11-7. Example 11-7 Equivalent Functionality with a Switch Activity. In BPEL 2.0, the bpelx:skipCondition syntax appears as a child element of an activity. 40 Analysis? Example 11-8 provides an example of an assign activity with this convention. Example 11-8 Use of bpelx:skipCondition Attribute in BPEL 2.0. You can also use built-in and custom XPath functions within the characteristics, skip condition expression. Example 11-9 provides several examples. Example 11-9 Built-in and Custom XPath Functions. If an error is thrown by the XPath expression evaluation, the error is wrapped with a BPEL fault and thrown from the Rentals, activity. An event is added to the BPEL instance audit trail for activities that are bypassed due to the skip condition expression evaluating to true.

Even if the skip condition evaluates to false (meaning the activity is performed), the fact that a skip condition expression was evaluated is of naturalism, still logged to transportation, the audit trail for debugging purposes. If the XPath engine fails to evaluate the boolean value, bpws:subLanguageFault is thrown. This is the same fault thrown when a switch/case condition does not evaluate to of naturalism, a boolean value. This is also logged to the audit trail for debugging purposes. 11.5.1 How to Specify XPath Expressions to Bypass Activity Execution. To specify XPath expressions to mozart 40 analysis, bypass activity execution: In the Component Palette, expand BPEL Constructs . Characteristics Of Naturalism? Drag the activity into the designer in which to create the skip condition. Click the Skip Condition tab. Specify an XPath expression that, when evaluated to End of an Era Essays, true, causes an activity to of naturalism, be skipped. Figure 11-13 provides details.

Figure 11-13 Skip Condition XPath Expression. Click Apply , then OK . 11.5.2 What Happens When You Specify XPath Expressions to Bypass Activity Execution. The code segment in the .bpel file defines the symphony, specific operation after design completion. For example, the XPath expression shown in characteristics Example 11-10, when evaluated to true (for example, input is public essay, 20 ), causes the assign activity to be skipped. Example 11-10 skipCondition Attribute For Bypassing Activity Execution.

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cmmi resume Welcome to our brutally honest, totally hip CMMIFAQ. We're probably going to make as many enemies as friends with this FAQ, but hey, we expect it to be worth it. :-) We also did a bit of research and found it pretty hard (if not impossible) to find this kind of information anywhere else on the web. Characteristics? So anyone who has a problem with our posting this information is probably the kind of person who wants you to pay to get it out of them before you have enough information to even make a good decision. But we digress. We do that a lot. This site was designed to provide help with CMMI for people who are researching, trying to get to the truth about CMMI, or just looking for answers to basic, frequently asked questions about the order of the CMMI and characteristics, the process of symphony, having an appraisal for getting a level rating (or CMMI certification as some people (inaccurately) prefer to say). The information on this site has also been demonstrated to provide answers and new insights to people who are already (or thought they were) very familiar with CMMI and the appraisal. Feedback has indicated that there is more than a fair amount of incomplete and actual incorrect information being put forth by characteristics, supposed experts in CMMI.

Your feedback is therefore very important to us. End Of Rentals? If you have any suggestions for other questions, or especially corrections, please don't hesitate to send them to us. This is a work-in-progress, not all questions have been answered yet -- simply a matter of time to write them, not that we don't know the answers -- but we didn't want to keep you waiting, so we're starting with that we have. For your own self-study, and for additional information, the source material for many of the answers on CMMI come from the CMMI Institute. They're not hiding anything; it's all there. We've broken up the FAQs into of naturalism the following sections (there will be much cross-over, as can be expected): CMMI, Agile, Kanban, Lean, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. SEI / CMMI Institute Transition Out of SEI FAQs.

Specific Model Content FAQs. A: CMMI stands for Capability Maturity Model Integration. It's the integration of several other CMMs (Capability Maturity Models). Arabian Gulf? By integrating these other CMMs, it also becomes an integration of the process areas and practices within the model in ways that previous incarnations of the model(s) didn't achieve. Characteristics Of Naturalism? The CMMI is a framework for the order, business process improvement. In other words, it is a model for building process improvement systems. In the same way that models are used to guide thinking and analysis on how to characteristics of naturalism, build other things (algorithms, buildings, molecules), CMMI is used to build process improvement systems.

There are currently three flavors of briggs personality test, CMMI called constellations. The most famous one is the CMMI for Development -- i.e., DEV . Characteristics Of Naturalism? It has been around (in one version or another) for roughly 10 years and in Video Essays, has been the characteristics, subject of much energy for over 20 years when including its CMM ancestors. More recently, two other constellations have been created: CMMI for Acquisition -- i.e., ACQ , and CMMI for End of an Era Essays, Services -- i.e., SVC . All constellations share many things, but fundamentally, they are all nothing more than frameworks for characteristics, assembling process improvement systems. Each constellation has content that targets improvements in particular areas, tuned to organizations whose primary work effort either: Develops products and complex services, and/or Acquires goods and services from others, and/or Provides/ delivers services.

NONE of the determine the order of the, constellations actually contain processes themselves. None of them alone can be used to actually develop products, acquire goods or fulfill services. The assumption with all CMMIs is that the organization has its own standards, processes and procedures by which they actually get things done. The content of of naturalism, CMMIs are to arabian gulf, improve upon the performance of those standards, processes and procedures -- not to define them. Having said that, it should be noted that there will (hopefully) be overlaps between what any given organization already does and of naturalism, content of CMMIs. This overlap should not be misinterpreted as a sign that CMMI content *is*, in fact, process content. It can't be over-emphasized, CMMIs, while chock-full-o examples and explanations, do not contain how to anything other than building improvement systems . The overlap is easy to explain: activities that help improve a process can also be activities to effectively perform a process, and, not every organization performs even the basic activities necessary to perform the process area well. So, to one organization, what seems trivial and commonplace, to another is salvation from briggs personality, despair. Another way to look at CMMIs are that they focus on the business processes of characteristics of naturalism, developing engineered solutions (DEV), acquiring goods and essay, services (ACQ) and delivering services (SVC).

To date, CMMI has most widely applied in software and systems engineering organizations. Now, with the expansion of the constellations, where it is applied is a significantly distinct matter from being anything even remotely akin to a standard or certification mechanism for the engineering, methods, technologies, or accreditation necessary to build stuff, buy stuff or do stuff, . If an organization chose to do so, CMMI could be applied in of naturalism the construction or even media production industries. (Exactly, how would be an *entirely* different discussion!) Before we get too off-track. CMMI is meant to help organizations improve their performance of and capability to consistently and myers personality test free, predictably deliver the products, services, and characteristics of naturalism, sourced goods their customers want, when they want them and at a price they're willing to mozart 40 analysis, pay. From a purely inwardly-facing perspective, CMMI helps companies improve operational performance by lowering the cost of production, delivery, and sourcing. Without some insight into and control over their internal business processes, how else can a company know how well they're doing before it's too late to do anything about it? And if/ when they wait until the end of a project or work package to see how close/far they were to their promises/expectations, without some idea of what their processes are and how they work, how else could a company ever make whatever changes or improvements they'd want/need to make in characteristics of naturalism order to do better next time? CMMI provides the models from which to pursue these sorts of how to the order of the, insights and activities for improvement. It's a place to start, not a final destination.

CMMI can't tell an organization what is or isn't important to them. CMMI, however, can provide a path for an organization to achieve its performance goals. Furthermore, CMMI is just a model, it's not reality. Like any other model, CMMI reflects one version of of naturalism, reality, and determine reaction, like most models, it's rather idealistic and unrealistic -- at least in some ways. When understood as *just* a model, people implementing CMMI have a much higher chance of implementing something of lasting value. As a model, what CMMI lacks is context. Specifically, the context of the organization in which it will be implemented for process improvement.

Together with the organization's context, CMMI can be applied to create a process improvement solution appropriate to the context of each unique organization. Putting it all together: CMMI is characteristics of naturalism a model for building process improvement systems from which (astute) organizations will abstract and create process improvement solutions that fit their unique environment to help them improve their operational performance. At the determine the order of the, risk of seeming self-serving, the following addresses the question of characteristics, what CMMI is: A: We should start the answer to this question with a quick sentence about what CMMI itself *is*. CMMI is about improving performance through improving operational processes. In particular, it's improving processes associated with managing how organizations develop or acquire solution-based wares and define and deliver their services. Public? So we should ask you a question before we answer yours: Do you feel that you ought to be looking at improving your processes? What business performance improvements would you like to see from characteristics, your operations?

SO, is CMMI right for you? Obviously this depends on what you're trying to accomplish. Sometimes it's best to divide and conquer. So we'll divide the world into two groups: those who develop wares and provide services for US Federal agencies (or their prime contractors) and those who don't. Those of Guerrilla, you in the former group will probably come across CMMI in characteristics of naturalism the form of a pre-qualifier in The Vietnam some RFP.

As such, you're probably looking at the CMMI as a necessary evil regardless of whether or not you feel your processes need to be addressed in any way. If you're in this group, there aren't many loop-holes. One strong case for why your company might not need to characteristics, mess with CMMI would be if you are selling a product of symphony 40 analysis, your own specification. Something that might be called shrink-wrapped or even COTS (Commercial Off-The-Shelf). Of Naturalism? While looking at myers briggs test free CMMI for process improvement wouldn't be a bad idea, the point is that unless you are developing wares from scratch to a government (or a Prime's) specification, you ought to be able to elude having someone else require or expect you to pursue CMMI practices when you otherwise might not do so.

A couple of exceptions to of naturalism, this rule of thumb would be (a) if you are entering into the world of custom wares for the Feds, even though you currently aren't in it, and/or (b) if the extent to which your product might need modifications or out-of-spec maintenance for it to be bought/used by the government. Governments have an all-too-regular habit of buying a product as is functionally, and then realizing that what they need kinda only looks like the original product but is really different. Knowing this, many agencies and prime contractors are using the CMMI's appraisal method (called SCAMPI) as part of their due diligence before wedding themselves to a product or vendor. If you're in the latter group, (remember. those who don't sell to the order, the Feds or their Primes) then the of naturalism, question is really this, what's not working for you with your current way of running your operation? You'll need to End of in Video, get crystal clear about that. Certain things CMMI can't really help you with such as marketing and communications. OK, it could, but if managing your customers and marketing are your biggest challenges, you've got other fish to characteristics of naturalism, fry and frying them with CMMI is a really long way around to get them into the pan. Don't get us wrong, there are aspects of CMMI that can be applied to anything related to *how* you do business. Mozart Symphony 40 Analysis? But, if you are worrying about where the next meal is coming from, you might be hungry for a while before the ROI from CMMI will bring home the characteristics, bacon. Symphony 40 Analysis? It usually takes a number of months. Having said that.

If you're finding that. customer acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or project success, profitability, predictability, or timeliness, and/or employee acquisition, satisfaction, or retention, and/or service level accuracy, predictability, cycle or lead time. are tied to a certain level of characteristics of naturalism, uncertainty, inconsistency, and/or lack of insight into or control over work activities, then you could do worse than investigating CMMI for what it offers in rectifying these concerns. NOTE: This answer assumes you know a thing or two about CMMI, so we won't be explaining some terms you'll find answered elsewhere in this FAQ. How many processes are there in CMMI? A: NONE. Zero. Zip. Nada. Rien. Arabian Gulf? Nil.

Bupkis. Big ol' goose-egg. There's not a single process in all of CMMI. They're called Process Areas (PAs) in CMMI, and we're not being obtuse or overly pedantic about of naturalism semantics. It's an important distinction to understand between processes and Process Areas (PAs). So, there are *no* processes in CMMI. No processes, no procedures, no work instructions, nothing. This is often very confusing to CMMI newcomers. You see, there are many practices in CMMI that *are* part of typical work practices. Sometimes they are almost exactly what a given project, work effort, service group or organization might do, but sometimes the practices in End of Rentals CMMI sound the same as likely typical practices in name only and the similarity ends there.

Despite the similar names used in typical work practices and in characteristics of naturalism CMMI, they are *not* to be assumed to be referring to one-in-the-same activities. That alone is enough to cause endless hours, days, or months of confusion. What CMMI practices are, are practices that improve existing work practices, but do not *define* what those work practices must be for any given activity or organization. The sad reality is symphony 40 analysis so many organizations haven't taken the time to look at and understand the characteristics, present state of their actual work practices, so as a result not only do they not know everything they would need to know to merely run their operation, they then look to War Essay, CMMI as a means of defining their own practices! As one might guess, this approach often rapidly leads to failure and disillusionment. How you run your operation would undoubtedly include practices that may happen at characteristics of naturalism any point and time in an effort and during the course of doing the work. Irrespective of myers briggs personality, where these activities take place in reality, the CMMI PAs are collections of practices to improve those activities. CMMI practices are not to be interpreted as being necessarily in a sequence or to characteristics, be intrinsically distinct from existing activities or from one CMMI practices to another. Simply, CMMI practices (or alternatives to them) are the activities collectively performed to achieve improvement goals . Goals, we might add, that ought to be tied to mozart symphony, business objectives more substantial than simply achieving a rating. There's so much more to say here, but it would be a site unto itself to do so.

Besides, we never answered the question. . in the current version of CMMI for DEVELOPMENT (v1.3, released October 2010) there are 22 Process Areas . (There were 25 in v1.1, and characteristics, also 22 in v1.2.) CMMI v1.3 can actually now refer to three different flavors of CMMI, called constellations. CMMI for Development is one constellation of PAs. There are two other constellations, one for improving services , and one for acquisition . Each constellation has particular practices meant to improve those particular uses. Public Essay? CMMI for Acquisition and of naturalism, CMMI for Services are now all at v1.3. While much of the arabian gulf, focus of this list is on CMMI for Development, we're updating it slowly but surely to characteristics of naturalism, at least address CMMI for Services, too. Meanwhile, we'll just point out that the transportation essay, three constellations share 16 core process areas; CMMI for Development and for Services share the characteristics, Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) process area.

The CMMI for Acquisition has a total of 21 PAs, and End of in Video Rentals Essays, Services has a total of 24 PAs. The delta between core, core + shared, and total are those PAs specific to the constellation. More on characteristics of naturalism, that later. We would like to thank our friend, Saif, for The Vietnam, pointing out that our original answer was not nearly doing justice to those in need of help. The update to this answer was a result of his keen observation. Thanks Saif! The Process Areas of CMMI are listed below. They were taken directly from their respective SEI/CMMI Institute publications. We first list the characteristics, core process areas, also called the CMMI Model Foundation or, CMF. Then we list the transportation essay, process area shared by two of the constellations, DEV and SVC, then we list the process areas unique to each of the three constellations, in order of chronological appearance: DEV, ACQ, then SVC. All the characteristics, PAs are listed in alphabetical order by transportation, acronym, and for those who are interested in Maturity Levels, we include in characteristics of naturalism brackets '[]' which Maturity Level each PA is part of.

We're also listing the purpose statement of each one. We should also note that in myers briggs personality process area names, purpose statements, and throughout the characteristics of naturalism, text, in CMMI for Services , the essay, notion of project has largely been replaced with the notion (and use of the term) work. For example, in CMMI for Services , Project Planning becomes Work Planning , and so forth. The rationale for that is the result of months of debate over the relevance and subsequent confusion over the concept of characteristics, a project in the context of Rentals Essays, service work. Characteristics? While the concept of a project *is* appropriate for many types of services , it is quite inappropriate for most services, and, substituting the notion (and use of the term) work for project has effectively zero negative consequences in a service context. This may raise the arabian gulf, question of why not merely replace work for project in all three constellations? In the attitude of this CMMIFAQ, our flippant answer would be something like, let's take our victories where we can get them and walk away quietly, but a more accurate/appropriate answer would be that product development and acquisition events are generally more discrete entities than services, and of naturalism, the vast majority of product development and acquisition events are, in public transportation essay fact, uniquely identified by the notion of a project.

Furthermore, there is nothing in the models that prevent users from restricting the interpretation of project or work. It's just that re-framing project and work in of naturalism their respective contexts made sense in End of in Video Rentals Essays a broader effort to of naturalism, reduce sources of confusion. Process Areas of CMMI Model Foundation (CMF) -- Common to All CMMI Constellations. The purpose of Causal Analysis and mozart, Resolution (CAR) is to identify causes of defects and other problems and take action to prevent them from occurring in the future. Configuration Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Configuration Management (CM) is to establish and maintain the integrity of work products using configuration identification, configuration control, configuration status accounting, and characteristics of naturalism, configuration audits. Decision Analysis Resolution, [ML 3] The purpose of Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) is to analyze possible decisions using a formal evaluation process that evaluates identified alternatives against established criteria.

Integrated Project Management, [ML 3] The purpose of Integrated Project Management (IPM) is to establish and manage the arabian gulf, project and the involvement of the relevant stakeholders according to characteristics, an integrated and defined process that is tailored from the organization's set of standard processes. Measurement Analysis, [ML 2] The purpose of Measurement and Analysis (MA) is to develop and sustain a measurement capability that is used to support management information needs. Organizational Process Definition, [ML 3]

The purpose of Organizational Process Definition (OPD) is to establish and maintain a usable set of organizational process assets and work environment standards. Organizational Process Focus, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Process Focus (OPF) is to plan, implement, and deploy organizational process improvements based on a thorough understanding of the current strengths and weaknesses of the determine the order, organization's processes and characteristics, process assets. Organizational Performance Management, [ML5] The purpose of how to the order reaction, Organizational Performance Management (OPM) is to proactively manage the organization's performance to meet its business objectives. Organizational Process Performance, [ML 4]

The purpose of Organizational Process Performance (OPP) is to establish and characteristics, maintain a quantitative understanding of the performance of the organization's set of Essays, standard processes in support of quality and process-performance objectives, and to provide the process performance data, baselines, and models to quantitatively manage the organization's projects. Organizational Training, [ML 3] The purpose of Organizational Training (OT) is to develop the skills and knowledge of of naturalism, people so they can perform their roles effectively and efficiently. Project Monitoring and Control, [ML 2] The purpose of mozart, project Monitoring and Control (PMC) is to provide an of naturalism understanding of the ongoing work so that appropriate corrective actions can be taken when performance deviates significantly from the plan. Project Planning, [ML 2] The purpose of Rentals, Project Planning (PP) is to establish and characteristics, maintain plans that define project activities. Process and Product Quality Assurance, [ML 2]

The purpose of Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA) is to determine, provide staff and management with objective insight into processes and characteristics of naturalism, associated work products. Quantitative Project Management, [ML 4] The purpose of Quantitative Project Management (QPM) is to End of an Era in Video, quantitatively manage the project's defined process to achieve the project's established quality and characteristics of naturalism, process-performance objectives. Requirements Management, [ML 2] The purpose of Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay, Requirements Management (REQM) is to manage requirements of the products and product components and to identify inconsistencies between those requirements and the work plans and work products. Risk Management, [ML 3] The purpose of characteristics of naturalism, Risk Management (RSKM) is to identify potential problems before they occur so that risk-handling activities can be planned and invoked as needed across the life of the product or project to mitigate adverse impacts on achieving objectives.

Shared by CMMI for Development and arabian gulf, CMMI for Services. The purpose of Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) is to manage the characteristics of naturalism, acquisition of The Vietnam, products from of naturalism, suppliers. Process Areas Unique to CMMI for Development. The purpose of Product Integration (PI) is to assemble the product from the product components, ensure that the product, as integrated, functions properly, and deliver the War Essay, product. Of Naturalism? Requirements Development, [ML 3] The purpose of End of, Requirements Development (RD) is to characteristics, produce and analyze customer, product, and product component requirements. Technical Solution, [ML 3] The purpose of Technical Solution (TS) is to design, develop, and implement solutions to requirements. Solutions, designs, and implementations encompass products, product components, and product-related lifecycle processes either singly or in combination as appropriate.

Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of essay, Validation (VAL) is to demonstrate that a product or product component fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of characteristics, Verification (VER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Process Areas Unique to transportation, CMMI for Acquisition.

The purpose of Agreement Management (AM) is to ensure that the characteristics, supplier and the acquirer perform according to public, the terms of the of naturalism, supplier agreement. Acquisition Requirements Development, [ML 2] The purpose of how to, Acquisition Requirements Development (ARD) is to characteristics of naturalism, develop and analyze customer and how to determine the order of the reaction, contractual requirements. Acquisition Technical Management, [ML 3] The purpose of characteristics of naturalism, Acquisition Technical Management (ATM) is to evaluate the supplier's technical solution and to manage selected interfaces of that solution.

Acquisition Validation, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Validation (AVAL) is to End of an Era in Video Rentals Essays, demonstrate that an acquired product or service fulfills its intended use when placed in its intended environment. Acquisition Verification, [ML 3] The purpose of Acquisition Verification (AVER) is to ensure that selected work products meet their specified requirements. Solicitation and characteristics, Supplier Agreement Development, [ML 2] The purpose of Solicitation and Supplier Agreement Development (SSAD) is to prepare a solicitation package, select one or more suppliers to deliver the transportation essay, product or service, and establish and maintain the supplier agreement. Process Areas Unique to of naturalism, CMMI for public, Services. The purpose of Capacity and Availability Management (CAM) is to ensure effective service system performance and of naturalism, ensure that resources are provided and used effectively to support service requirements. Incident Resolution and test, Prevention, [ML 3] The purpose of Incident Resolution and Prevention (IRP) is to ensure timely and effective resolution of service incidents and prevention of service incidents as appropriate.

Service Continuity, [ML 3] The purpose of Service Continuity (SCON) is to establish and characteristics of naturalism, maintain plans to symphony 40 analysis, ensure continuity of services during and following any significant disruption of normal operations. Service Delivery, [ML 2] The purpose of Service Delivery (SD) is to deliver services in accordance with service agreements. Service System Development * , [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Development (SSD) is to analyze, design, develop, integrate, verify, and validate service systems, including service system components, to satisfy existing or anticipated service agreements. * SSD is an Addition As such, it is at the organization's discretion whether to characteristics, implement SSD, and, whether to include SSD in a SCAMPI appraisal. Service System Transition, [ML 3] The purpose of Service System Transition (SST) is to Warfare: War Essay, deploy new or significantly changed service system components while managing their effect on ongoing service delivery. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Strategic Service Management, [ML 3]

The purpose of Strategic Service Management (STSM) is to establish and maintain standard services in concert with strategic needs and plans. How are the processes organized? A: This question will look at the organization of Process Areas as they are organized to one another. The next FAQ question addresses the elements of each Process Area. Process Areas are organized in two main ways, called Representations. Two questions down, we answer the next obvious question: What's the difference between Staged and Continuous? For now, just trust us when we say that this really doesn't matter except to a very few people and organizations who really geek out over this idea of End of, pathways through an characteristics of naturalism improvement journey. Ultimately, if you really only care about improving performance, representations don't matter one bit. What is each process made up of?

A: Each process area is made of two kinds of goals, two kinds of practices, and a whole lot of informative material. The two goal types are: Specific Goals and Generic Goals. Which then makes the two practices to public transportation, also follow suit as: Specific Practices and Generic Practices. Astute readers can probably guess that Specific Goals are made up of Specific Practices and Generic Goals are made up of Generic Practices. Every Process Area (PA) has at least one Specific Goal (SG), made up of at characteristics of naturalism least two Specific Practices (SPs).

The SPs in any PA are unique to that PA, whereas, other than the name of the PA in each of the Generic Practices (GPs), the GPs and Generic Goals (GGs) are identical in every PA. Hence, the term Generic. PAs all have anywhere from 1 to 3 Generic Goals -- depending on which model representation (see the previous question) the organization chooses to use, and, the path they intend to be on to mature their process improvement capabilities. The informative material is very useful, and varies from how to the order of the, PA to PA. Of Naturalism? Readers are well-advised to briggs personality, focus on the Goals and Practices because they are the required and expected components of CMMI when it comes time to be appraised. Again, if improving performance is important to you and appraisals are not something you care about, then these goal-practice relationships and normative/informative philosophies don't really matter at all. Read more about that here. If all you want is improvement, and appraisals are not necessarily important, then it doesn't really matter how the model is characteristics organized.

Use anything in it to make your operation perform better! How do the Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, Maturity Levels relate to one another and how does one progress through them? A: We touch on characteristics of naturalism, this subject below but here is some additional thinking about the subject: Maturity Level 2 is very very basic. This is the Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, minimum that an organization could achieve by merely hiring professional, experienced project managers and allowing them to do their jobs. These project managers would work directly with the organization's leaders and of naturalism, owners to help projects be successful and the organization to be profitable. How To Determine The Order Of The? They would routinely communicate with the leaders and make adjustments. Companies struggling to incorporate or demonstrate use of the practices in characteristics CMMI ML2 are likely to be widely inconsistent with when they deliver, the quality of arabian gulf, what they deliver and their profits are likely to be highly unpredictable. Such organizations frequently take on more work than they can handle. Characteristics? They then proceed to do a poor job of planning the determine the order reaction, level of of naturalism, effort and personality test, dependencies required to complete the characteristics of naturalism, work. When projects don't meet financial or customer expectations, companies who don't perform ML2 practices don't know where to begin to start to understand why and they typically turn to arabian gulf, specific people to try to figure out what went wrong.

Very often people (internally or customers) get blamed for of naturalism, the missed expectations rather than realizing that the problems really started with their own lack of situational awareness. ML2 does not guarantee project success (no ML does), but it increases awareness of what's going on, good or bad. Guerrilla The Vietnam? WE often wonder how companies who fail to incorporate ML2 practices into their work even stay in characteristics business! process management, the technical/operational work of delivery (development or services, etc.), and organizational change and arabian gulf, development. to work with the PM (from ML2) would naturally perform the practices found in ML3. The reason to add such people is to: facilitate communication and of naturalism, coordination throughout the organization and to learn and share observations from the successes and failures of other projects, establish performance norms for how to do the materially core work of the organization, and put in place the mechanisms for continuous improvement, learning, strategic growth, and decision-making. Furthermore, you would have the PM involved in ensuring the time and effort required to look across the organization is not used-up by the projects.

These additional experts would work with the PM to help them make use of the End of in Video Essays, most effective approaches to meeting their projects' needs. While projects often don't provide useful performance data until near the end of the of naturalism, work, these new experts would help the organization's leaders understand how well the organization is performing from the inside even while projects are in of the reaction the middle of execution. ML3 organizations use data and metrics to characteristics, help understand their internal costs and effectiveness. Arabian Gulf? They are also typically better than ML2 organizations at asking themselves whether or not their processes are good, not just whether their processes are followed. What's the difference between Staged and characteristics, Continuous? A: It's just different ways of looking at the same basic objects. The main difference is mozart symphony simply how the model is organized around the path towards process improvement that an organization can take.

That probably sounds meaningless, so let's get into a little bit about what that really means. The SEI, based on the original idea behind the of naturalism, CMM for Software, promoted the notion that there are more fundamental and more advanced (key)* process areas that organizations should endeavor to get good at on the way to Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, maturing their processes towards higher and characteristics, higher capabilities. In this notion, certain process areas were staged together with the expectation that the groupings made sense as building blocks. Since the Guerrilla, latter blocks depended on the prior blocks, the groupings resembled stair-steps, or levels. The idea then was that the first level didn't include any process areas, and that the first staging of (K)PAs* (the actual level 2) was a set of very fundamental practices that alone could make a significant difference in performance.

From there, the next staging of characteristics, PAs, or level 3, could begin to exploit the foundational PAs and begin to affect process improvement changes from a more detailed technical and managerial perspective. Whereas, up through Level 3, where PAs had some degree of autonomy from one another, Levels 4 and 5 add Process Areas that look across all the arabian gulf, other process areas as well as other activities not exclusively limited to process-area-related efforts. While Levels 4 and 5 only add a total of characteristics of naturalism, four PAs, they are not in the least trivial. They add the maturity and capability to manage processes by numbers rather than only by subjective feedback, and they add the ability to optimize and continuously improve process across the board based on a statistically-backed quantitative understanding of Guerrilla Warfare:, effort and process performance. Then along comes a group of people who said, in effect, why not be able to improve any one process area to the point of optimization without having all process areas needing to be there? In fact, why not be able to focus on process areas with high value to the organization first and then go after other process areas, or maybe even ignore any process areas that we don't really need to improve? In the staged representation, which is the original Software CMM approach, this ability to mature a capability in any one process area doesn't exist, so in characteristics of naturalism CMMI, the idea of a Continuous representation was taken from a short-lived Systems Engineering CMM and implemented -- whereby an organization could choose to get really really good at any number of PAs without having to put forth the effort to implement low-value or unused PAs. This becomes especially meaningful to organizations that want to be able to benchmark themselves (or be formally rated) in briggs personality only areas that matter to them. *In the original CMM for Software, the process areas were called Key Process Areas, or KPAs, and, there was no distinction between types of levels (see below), therefore there was only one type of level, and when someone said level 3 everyone understood. In CMMI, there are two level types which correspond to the two model representations.(see below) Saying, level in the context of characteristics of naturalism, CMMI is incomplete. Myers Briggs Test? However, for anyone reading this FAQ from the beginning, this concept has not yet been introduced, and characteristics, we didn't want to start adding terms that had not yet been defined.

What's the difference between Maturity Level and Capability Level? A: They are different ways of rating your process areas. Let's start with the arabian gulf, basics. Of Naturalism? A Maturity Level is an Era Rentals Essays what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Staged Representation of the CMMI, and a Capability Level is what you can be appraised to and rated as when the organization uses the Continuous Representation of the CMMI. Characteristics? As for the details. A Maturity Level X means that an public organization, when appraised, was found to of naturalism, be satisfying the transportation essay, goals required by of naturalism, process areas in that level (X). Those goals are a combination of specific and generic goals from a pre-defined set of Process Areas. Public Transportation Essay? Each Maturity Level has a particular set of PAs associated with it, and in turn, within those PAs have a delineated set of goals.

Maturity Level 2 (ML 2) in CMMI for Development requires the following PAs be performed up to characteristics of naturalism, and including Generic Goal 2 within them: Requirements Management (REQM) Project Planning (PP) Project Monitoring and Control (PMC) Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) Measurement and Analysis (MA) Process and Product Quality Assurance (PPQA), and Configuration Management (CM) Maturity Level 3 (ML 3) in CMMI for myers briggs test free, Development requires the ML 2 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Requirements Development (RD) Technical Solution (TS) Product Integration (PI) Verification (VER) Validation (VAL) Organizational Process Focus (OPF) Organizational Process Definition (OPD) Organizational Training (OT) Integrated Project Management (IPM) Risk Management (RSKM), and Decision Analysis and Resolution (DAR) Maturity Level 4 (ML 4) requires the ML 2 and characteristics of naturalism, 3 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Process Performance (OPP) and Quantitative Project Management (QPM) And finally, Maturity Level 5 (ML 5) requires the myers briggs test, ML 2-4 PAs, plus the following PAs be performed up to characteristics, and including Generic Goal 3 within all of them: Organizational Performance Management (OPM) and Causal Analysis and mozart symphony, Resolution (CAR) For CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition, the idea is the same, only some of the process areas are swapped out at both ML 2 and ML 3 for their respective disciplines. You can refer back to this question to fill in the blanks on which PAs to swap in/out for CMMI for Services and CMMI for Acquisition at ML2 and ML3. You'll notice that MLs 4 and 5 are the characteristics, same across all three constellations.

Now, if you recall from the earlier FAQ, the mozart 40 analysis, Continuous representation is tied to the Generic Goals, and from above, Capability Levels are attained when using the characteristics of naturalism, Continuous representation. So with that, Capability Levels are then tied to the Generic Goals. As we noted earlier, there are no collections of PAs in Capability Levels as there are in Maturity Levels or the staged representation. Therefore, it is far simpler to explain that a Capability Level is attained PA by PA. Rentals Essays? An organization can choose (or perhaps not by choice, but by de facto performance) to be a different Capability Levels (CLs) for different PAs. For this reason, the results of a SCAMPI based on the Continuous Representation determine a Capability Profile that conveys each PA and characteristics, the Capability Level of each one. Basically, the Capability Level of a PA is the highest Generic Goal at which the organization is capable of operating. Since there is actually 3 Generic Goals, 1-3, an organization can be found to be operating at myers free a Capability Level of ZERO (CL 0), in which they aren't even achieving the first Generic Goal which is simply to of naturalism, Achieve Specific Goals

Thus, the three Capability Levels are (in our own words): Capability Level 1: The organization achieves the briggs personality test free, specific goals of the respective process area(s). Capability Level 2: The organization institutionalizes a managed process for the respective process area(s). Capability Level 3: The organization institutionalizes a defined process for the respective process area(s). What are the characteristics of naturalism, Generic Goals?

a.k.a. What are the differences among the Capability Levels? a.k.a. What do they mean when they say process institutionalization ? A: The Generic Goals *are*, in fact, perfectly parallel with the Capability Levels. In other words, Generic Goal 1 (GG1) aligns with Capability Level 1 (CL1). GG2 with CL2, and End of an Era Rentals, GG3 with CL3.

So when someone says their process area(s) are performing at of naturalism Capability Level 3 they are saying that their process areas are achieving Generic Goal 3. The Generic Goals are cumulative, so saying that a process area is CL3 (or GG3) includes that they are achieving GG1 and the order of the reaction, GG2 as well. Generic Goal 1 [GG1]: The process supports and of naturalism, enables achievement of the specific goals of the process area by transforming identifiable input work products to produce identifiable output work products. So, you're wondering what's this business about institutionalization . What it means is the extent to which your processes have taken root within your organization. It's not just a matter of how widespread the processes are, because institutionalization can take place in even 1-project organizations. So then, it's really about how they're performed, how they're managed, how they're defined, what you measure and mozart 40 analysis, control the processes by, and characteristics of naturalism, how you go about continuously improving upon them.

What's High Maturity About? a.k.a. What's the fuss about High Maturity Lead Appraisers? a.k.a. What's the fuss about the myers briggs, informative materials in the High Maturity process areas? A: High Maturity refers to the four process areas that are added to achieve Maturity Levels, 4 and 5:

Organizational Process Performance (OPP), Quantitative Project Management (QPM), Organizational Performance Management (OPM), and Causal Analysis and characteristics, Resolution (CAR) Collectively, these process areas are all about making decisions about projects, work, and Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, processes based on performance numbers, not opinions, not compliance, and characteristics of naturalism, eventually not on rearward-looking data, rather, forward-looking and predictive analysis. the only required and how to determine the order, expected components of the model are the goals and practice statements, respectively, and misunderstanding and/or misinterpretation of the of naturalism, model high maturity practices. The action to address these facets stems from a flood of findings that many high maturity appraisals didn't accept as evidence those artifacts that convey the proper intent and implementation of these higher maturity concepts were applied at Warfare: the organizations appraised. In fact, the opposite was found to be true. Characteristics Of Naturalism? That, what *was* accepted as evidence conveyed that the high maturity practices were clearly indicating that the practices were *NOT* implemented properly. It's not that organizations and/or appraisers purposely set out to deceive anyone.

The matter was not one of briggs, ethics, it was one of understanding the characteristics of naturalism, concepts that made these practices add value. It was even found that organizations were able to generate erroneously-assumed high-maturity artifacts on foundations of erroneously interpreted Maturity Level 2 and 3 practices! What's a Constellation? A: A constellation is a particular collection of process areas specifically chosen to arabian gulf, help improve a given business need. Of Naturalism? Currently there are three (3) constellations: Development: For improving the myers free, development of (product or complex service) solutions. Acquisition: For improving the characteristics, purchasing of products, services and/or solutions. Services: For improving delivery of services and creation of public transportation essay, service systems (say, to characteristics of naturalism, operate a solution but not buy it or build it in the first place). There are 16 of the myers briggs personality test free, process areas common to all three constellations, Basically, in all CMMIs, you have all the process areas listed here minus the following process areas specific to CMMI-DEV: A quick reminder that the process ares listed here are for the DEV constellation only.

The SVC and ACQ constellations have the core 16 noted above, plus some others for their respective constellation-specific disciplines. How many different ways are there to implement CMMI? A: Infinite, but 2 are most common. But before we get into characteristics of naturalism that, let's set the record straight. Myers Briggs Free? You do *not* implement CMMI the way someone implements the requirements of a product. The only of naturalism thing getting implemented are your organization's work flows along with whatever standard processes and associated procedures your organization feels are appropriate--not what's in CMMI. CMMI has nothing more than a set of practices to help you *improve* whatever you've got going on. CAUTION: If whatever you've got going on is garbage, CMMI is unlikely to symphony, help.

AND, if you create your organization's processes only using CMMI's practices as a template you'll not only never get anything of value done but your organization's work flows will be dreadfully lacking all the of naturalism, important and necessary activities to Guerrilla War Essay, operate the business! Where in our workflow does *that* happen? How does *that* show up? What do we do that accomplishes *that*? Or simply, add the words How do we ___ ahead of any practice and put a question mark at the end. For any practice where you don't have an answer or don't like the answer, consider that your operation is at risk.

EVERY CMMI practice avoids a risk, reduces the impact of a risk, buys you options for future risks/opportunities, or reduces uncertainty. Characteristics Of Naturalism? EVERY.ONE. You might need a bit of expert guidance to help you refactor the practice so that it appears more relevant and useful to your particular needs, but there is a value-add or other benefit to every practice. Truly. (Admittedly, whether or not there's value to The Vietnam War Essay, *your* business to modify your behavior to realize the benefit of a given practice is an entirely different question.) The blunt-object approach resembles what many process improvement experts call process silos, stove pipes, or layers. This approach is also often implemented *to* a development team *by* some external process entity with brute force and very extreme prejudice. Of Naturalism? So, not only does the blunt approach employ some very unsavory techniques, subjecting its royal subjects to symphony 40 analysis, cruel and unusual process punishment, it also (in its design) is characterized by a look and feel of a process where each process is in of naturalism its own vacuum, without any connection to other processes (or to reality, for that matter), and where the practices of the processes are somehow expected to be performed serially, from one to the next, in the absence of any other organizational context. A few other common (non-exhaustive, and not mutually-exclusive) characteristics of the non-recommended approach include:

Heavy emphasis on compliance irrespective of performance. Little or no input from staff on what the processes should be. Public Transportation? Using CMMI practices as project or process requirements. Measures and characteristics of naturalism, goals that have little/nothing to do with actual business performance. No one can answer the question: Outside of compliance, what has the process done for my bottom line? Complaints about the briggs test free, cost of compliance from of naturalism, people who actually watch things like the bottom line. If so many implementations of CMMI are guided by an (internal or external process) expert, one might (justifiably) wonder how and why CMMI processes could ever be implemented in such an obviously poorly conceived approach! There are two (sometimes inter-related) reasons: Lack of understanding of the model, and Being an expert process auditor, and End of an Era in Video Essays, not a process improvement expert. Unfortunately, being an expert process auditor does not make someone a process improvement expert.

However, one need not prove themselves an characteristics expert in process improvement to train, consult, or appraise in arabian gulf the CMMI. We wish it weren't so, and, it might be changing, but for now, that's the way it is. So, what you have are many people who become experts in characteristics CMMI, but they're really only symphony 40 analysis experts in the model's text and in appraising an organization's ability to read the text and produce text-book artifacts. They're not necessarily experts in process improvement or performance excellence , in characteristics of naturalism general, or in implementing CMMI in particular. We've come across countless examples of organizations' attempts to implement CMMI while being led by End of in Video, someone (or plural) who was at least one of the two types of persons, and too frequently, both at once. Frightening, but true.

The jury is characteristics of naturalism still out on whether it's worse to be led by such a non-expert or to attempt Do-It-Yourself CMMI implementation. What the jury is definitely in agreement on is that if your focus is on CMMI and not on improving business performance, you're really wasting your time. Again, we digress. We can't allow ourselves to explain our favored reality-based approach without first explaining what the myers personality test, other approach really is. Not so that our approach looks better, and not because we must justify our approach, but because we feel that it's important for people new to CMMI and/or to process/performance improvement to characteristics, be prepared to personality test free, recognize the signs of doom and characteristics, be able to do something about it before it's too late. All kidding aside, believe it or not, there are organizations for whom the The Vietnam, blunt/silo/stove-pipe approach actually works well, and we wouldn't necessarily recommend that they change it. These organizations tend to share certain characteristics including any number of the following: being larger, bureaucratic by necessity, managing very large and/or complex projects; and, there's an characteristics actual, justifiable reason for their approach. In fact, in these cases, the effect is actually neither blunt, nor particularly silo'd, but these types of organizations have other mechanisms for softening the effect that such an the order approach would have on smaller projects/organizations. And, that is precisely, how we can characterize the characteristics of naturalism, main difference between the two approaches: we believe that the reality-based approach to implementing CMMI works well in most types of organizations and work/projects of most scope, where the brute-force approach would not. What does the blunt/brute-force/silo/stove-pipe approach look like? In a nutshell, the traits of that approach are: Organizational processes mirror the process areas.

This alone makes no sense since the process areas aren't processes and don't actually get anything out the door. Process area description documents are prescriptive and implementation of the processes do not easily account for personality test, the inter-relatedness of the of naturalism, process areas to how to of the reaction, one another, or of the generic practices to the specific practices. Furthermore, the processes seem to be implemented out-of-step with actual development/project/services work. Nowhere in characteristics the descriptions or artifacts of the processes is it clear how and when the process gets done. Arabian Gulf? It's not a matter of poorly written processes, quite the opposite, many of these processes are the exemplar of process documents. What these processes lack is a connection to the work as it actually happens. Without a process subject-matter expert on hand, it's unlikely that the process would actually get done. Of Naturalism? In many cases (thanks to the sheer size of the organization) such processes *are*, in fact, done by a process specialist, and arabian gulf, not by characteristics, personnel doing the work. In other words, with such processes, if an public transportation organization doesn't have the characteristics, luxury of process specialists to do the process work, it would be difficult for someone actually doing the real work who is trying to follow the processes to see how the process activities relate to his or her activities and/or to symphony, see when/where/how to characteristics, implement the process activities on actual tasks at hand. Because of this, this approach to CMMI often has the feel (or the actual experience) of an external organization coming in to do CMMI *to* the organization, or as often, that staff members must pause their revenue-oriented work to Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, complete process-oriented activities.

Therein lies the greatest draw-back (in our opinion) to the most common approach. Of Naturalism? Instead of process improvement being an integral and transparent characteristic of everyday work, it becomes a non-productive layer of overhead activity superimposed on top of real work. And yet, this seems to be the myers test, prevalent way of implementing CMMI! Crazy, huh? Why is it so prevalent? That's where the two reasons of poor implementation, above, come in. People who don't understand the model as well as people who are not process experts (and therefore may have a weak understanding of the model) don't truly get that the model is not prescriptive, and so they attempt to make it a prescription. Auditing and characteristics, appraising to a prescription is far easier and less ambiguous than auditing and appraising to a robust integrated process infrastructure. Frankly, the common approach suits the lowest common denominator of mozart symphony, companies and appraisers. Those companies and appraisers who aren't after true improvement, and characteristics of naturalism, are only after a level rating, and who are willing (companies -- unknowingly -- (sometimes) ) to sacrifice the myers free, morale and productivity of their projects for the short-term gain of what becomes a meaningless rating statement. Alright already!

So what's the reality-based approach about?! The reality-based approach starts with a premise that a successful organization is already doing what it needs to characteristics, be doing to be successful, and, that process improvement activities can be designed into the organization's existing routines. Personality Test Free? Furthermore, the reality-based approach also assumes that, as a business, the organization actually *wants* to increase their operational performance. Of Naturalism? Note the use of myers briggs, designed into. This is crucial.

This means that for reality-based process improvement (reality-based CMMI implementation), the operational activities must be known, they must be definable, and, they must be at of naturalism work for the organization. End Of? Then, activities that achieve the goals of CMMI can be designed into those pre-existing activities. This whole business of characteristics, designing process improvement activities into product/project activities illuminates a simple but powerful fact: effective process improvement (CMMI included) requires processes to be engineered. Sadly, a recent Google search on briggs personality test, process engineering turned up few instances where the search term was associated with software processes, and most of those positive hits were about software products, not process improvement. Of Naturalism? The results were even more grim with respect to improving acquisition practices, but, happily, there are many strong associations between process engineering and the notion of services and public transportation, other operations. There is hope. Besides the of naturalism, reality of what's already working, other attributes of our preferred implementation approach is that we don't expect the processes to be done by someone else, and, we don't expect them to mozart symphony, magically apparate into existence. For both of those attributes to be in place, the reality-based approach doesn't rely on process descriptions to characteristics, make the processes happen. Instead, the mozart 40 analysis, practices that achieve the characteristics, goals of the processes are built into the very product, service and project activities of the organization's work, and, the process descriptions simply describe where in that work to find the practices happening.

One other attribute of our approach that is in stark contrast with the most common approaches is determine the order this: one of the expected practices of every managed process area is that they are planned for each project. The common approach interprets this as requiring a distinct plan for each process area for characteristics of naturalism, each project/work effort. Our approach categorically rejects this notion in favor of an epiphany we like to share with clients: You can have a plan for performing each process without having to create an entirely new plan for doing so as long as you've already done all the planning. If a process works well, why re-plan it if the only thing that will change is who, when, and the project names (if that)? Planning for myers briggs personality free, performing a process is part of institutionalizing a managed process, which is characteristics what Generic Goal 2 (thus, Capability Level 2) achieves. If not re-inventing the planning piece for myers personality free, each project *is* appropriate, can't the same be said for characteristics, the remainder of the test, practices in institutionalizing a managed process? We believe, yes. In the end we extend this concept to account for the capabilities of having managed and defined processes. We extend it in such a way that any and all processes an organization wants to improve can be managed and defined whether or not those processes come from CMMI. The reality-based process improvement approach (CMMI or not) results in process improvement artifacts that appear where the characteristics of naturalism, real work gets done, and not as an overhead process, or a process performed by Guerrilla War Essay, process commandos, or a process that only generates artifacts if developers and project managers have to of naturalism, go searching for proof that the in Video, process was performed.

For what it's worth, this approach is what we at Entinex call Agile CMMI. Do we have to do everything in the book? Also known as: What's actually required to be said that someone's following CMMI? A: The Goals are required. Everything else is of naturalism mostly commentary.

Let's be frank (as if we haven't been frank thus far). The only time whether or not you're doing what's in CMMI (or not) matters is if/when you're aiming to be appraised. Otherwise, you'd just do whatever you want to briggs, get the characteristics, most improvement out of and ignore what you don't need. Having said that, the context of this answer is then about what's required for people who want it said that they are doing CMMI, and for the most part, this means that they're going to determine this via an appraisal. In fact, nowhere in the CMMI model literature does it discuss CMMI requirements for process improvement. The model is very careful to the order of the reaction, only use terms that imply that requirements of the model are for characteristics, the model, not for process improvement.

That's why CMMI is just *a* model for essay, process improvement, not *the* model for it. The discussion of CMMI as far as requirements are concerned are in the materials that define the characteristics, appraisal. Arabian Gulf? This is also an often misunderstood aspect of characteristics of naturalism, CMMI. SO. in Guerrilla War Essay the context of performing activities that appear like they came from the characteristics of naturalism, model -- especially where an appraisal is mozart symphony concerned -- there are three types of model content components: required, expected, and informative The goals are required. Achieving/satisfying all the goals of a process area satisfies the process area. Characteristics? Since goals don't get done by themselves (sports analogies work well here), an organization must be performing some kind of myers personality, practices in order to achieve a goal, therefore, in the absence of any other practices, CMMI provides some practices that an organization might perform to satisfy each goal. That's why the characteristics of naturalism, practices are expected, but not required.

The organization might have entirely different practices and might have a different number of practices, either of which are entirely OK as far as CMMI goes, but *something* must be happening to myers briggs personality free, achieve a goal. If an characteristics organization is *doing* something, then it must be resulting is some form of identifiable, tangible output. However, not every organization does the how to the order reaction, same thing, therefore not every organization produces the same outputs, and therefore sub-practices, most narratives and sample work products of characteristics, a process' practices are only transportation informative, and neither expected, nor required. Just to be technically complete, there is more content in of naturalism the model, but it doesn't even fall into the informative content component. The appraisal even has a term for practices that achieve goals that aren't in the model. They're called (logically enough) alternative practices ! It logically leads to arabian gulf, the reality that an organization's alternative practices include sub-practices and of naturalism, produce work products that aren't in the model. What does this mean for an appraisal or the briggs test, appraiser?

It means that in order to demonstrate that an organization's process area (or a goal) is satisfied, they might not be able to solely rely on the stated practices, typical work products, or sub-practices of a process area. Characteristics? This means that not only might it be a good bit of work before an appraisal for End of in Video, the appraiser(s) to characteristics, get up to speed and elbow-deep into an organization's processes, but it could even drag with it the need to how to determine the order of the, be somewhat competent in the kind of of naturalism, work an organization does or tools they use. DANGER! That kind of in-depth involvement puts appraisers (and consultants) at some risk: they might be exposed for not being competent in the ways and means of modern operations! (Did we just say that?) Well, in for a penny. Determine Reaction? let's go the whole way. We have a saying around here, the first part most people have heard of: Those who cannot do, teach. [We added this next corollary:] Those who cannot teach, audit. It's much easier on the appraiser if the expected model components were investigated as required and if some of the characteristics of naturalism, informative materials were also expected or required in order to demonstrate the (now, newly promoted) required parts (in their minds). This is closely tied to our discussion above regarding the personality test free, implementation approaches. But until now, we didn't have enough background to get into it. The blunt approach to CMMI is replete with verbatim practices (which is often fine -- except where they're just floating out characteristics of naturalism there without being tied to Warfare: The Vietnam, everyday work) and verbatim sub-practices, which starts to get a little fishy since sub-practices often change with the characteristics of naturalism, context of the projects, and verbatim typical work products, which is even fishier since it's rare that any one piece of an public transportation essay organization's work will use/need/produce so many work products. These are the tell-tale signs of an of naturalism organization that doesn't really understand CMMI, or an arabian gulf appraiser/consultant who's just plain lazy (or worse, incompetent)! Why does it cost so much?

A: Well that's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so much? We'll just tell you what goes into the costs here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for you or how you can go about minimizing cost or maximizing value. Here are the variables that go into the factors that affect cost: Where you are *now* with respect to your implementation of characteristics, process improvement using CMMI? (i.e., Present-State or Gap Analysis Results) How process-oriented is your company? Do you understand process improvement? Do you have a culture that embraces a disciplined approach to killing-off things that don't work in favor of things that do? Do you have process improvement professionals on staff? Are you dedicating explicit resources to managing your process improvement activities?

How much process improvement implementation work will your company do on its own? vs. How much process improvement implementation work will your company need outsider help doing? How much progress do you think you'll be able to make? Meaning, how fast can you absorb change? Will implementing process improvement always be competing for resources from other work? Will all the End of Essays, time for implementing a process improvement system be outside ordinary billable hours? And, How quickly do you want to make progress? Other considerations include your organization's size, the kind of work you do, the kind of products you build and techniques and tools you employ to build them, the kind of contracts you find yourself in, your relationship with your clients, the way you manage your projects, skills your people have and the nature and composition of your organization and management structures. NOT trivial. Here's another reason people perceive that implementing CMMI costs so much: Implementations that went bad.

There are far more bad implementation stories than success stories. By bad we simply mean those implementations that, while many of them did achieve a maturity level ratings, and all the while they were spending lots of time and money, they were also causing disillusionment, cynicism, and processes that fundamentally didn't work! It's very easy to screw-up process improvement implementation, with or without CMMI. Because CMMI is a very complete model, it has the side-effect of further complicating process improvement. The easiest way to screw it up is to attempt to implement the CMMI model as either a development standard and/or as a checklist (making all non-required pieces to CMMI required), and/or by buying so-called CMMI-enabling tools. While there are also many ways to being a CMMI implementation success story, what these stories share in common are the following attributes: Treat process improvement with the same rigor as a technical project. Create a process architecture that reflects how real work is done, then find where/how that reality can be improved as a business process. Executive management understands the model, what's being done, what's going to change, how *their* jobs will change, and the meaning of commitment. Create and sustain a culture of process improvement. Recognize that process improvement takes time and discipline, exactly like a nutrition and exercise program.

And, Process Improvement can't be done *to* a project, it's done *by* the project by the very nature of their work, not by of naturalism, any explicit CMMI activities But, we are not in public transportation a position to give numbers. Characteristics? We hope you now understand why. Why does it take so long? A: That's a loaded and ambiguous question! What qualifies as so long? We'll just tell you what goes into the time frames here and you can determine whether it's reasonable for Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay, you or how you can go about minimizing time or maximizing progress. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Please see the previous question.

Why would anyone want to do CMMI if they didn't have to symphony 40 analysis, do it to characteristics of naturalism, get business? A: Because they must be perceiving that the way they do technology development or services now isn't giving them everything they want or need to be confident in arabian gulf their ability to produce the results they want/expect (profit, happy clients, low overhead, etc.) and to do it in characteristics a consistent way. If that's not you, move on. Otherwise, give CMMI a shot and check back here for more elaboration on this topic soon. Isn't CMMI just about software development? A: Nope. It can be used for Systems Engineering, Integrated Product Development (i.e., large, complex projects), and Supplier Sourcing. It can even be abstracted so it can help organizations who do technology services as well. Myers Test? More on that coming up. What's the difference between CMMI v1.1 and v1.2? A: Since the current version of CMMI is characteristics v1.3, we won't get into detailed differences between v1.1 and v1.2, but a summary of arabian gulf, major changes to the model (only) are as follows:

Both representations (Staged/Continuous) are packaged together. The advanced practices and common feature concepts were eliminated. Hardware amplifications and examples were added. All definitions were consolidated in the glossary. IPPD practices were consolidated and simplified. There are no longer separate IPPD process areas; IPPD concepts became additions noted by +IPPD after two PAs (OPD and IPM). These PAs gained new goals and practices invoked only for organizations wanting IPPD. Supplier Agreement Management (SAM) and Integrated Supplier Management (ISM) were consolidated, and the original v1.1 Supplier Sourcing addition was eliminated. Of Naturalism? Generic practice (GP) elaborations were added to the (maturity/capability) level 3 GPs. An explanation of how process areas support the Guerrilla, implementation of GPs was added.

Material was added to ensure that standard processes are deployed on of naturalism, projects at briggs their startup. With v1.2, there were changes to the SCAMPI process and all CMMI training courses as well. What's the difference between CMMI v1.2 and v1.3? A: CMMI v1.3 does several things: Aligns all three (3) constellations (DEV, SVC, ACQ) at once. Clarifies language around many practices and goals by removing unnecessary (and sometimes confusion-adding) language. Characteristics? Focuses more on improvement -- without assuming things are necessarily bad now and that all users need CMMI just to bad to good and that users might just be looking for CMMI to help them go from public essay, good to characteristics, great. Tightens language so that goals and practices more clearly state what was intended. Substantially re-writes high maturity process areas (i.e., maturity level 4 and 5) to reflect the original intentions of those areas (that somehow got lost in transportation essay committee) and to close loop-holes exploited by less scrupulous users.

In that effort, the Organizational Innovation and Deployment (OID) process area has been replaced with Organizational Performance Management (OPM) Eliminates Generic Goals 4 and characteristics, 5, and as a result,. Eliminates Capability Levels 4 and public transportation, 5. Of Naturalism? Eliminates the IPPD addition from the DEV constellation. Removes references to projects where there is no reason to determine, limit the use of of naturalism, practices to such specific management constructs. Re-orients the concept of a project to that of work in End of in Video CMMI-SVC. Characteristics? Adds several narratives to help CMMI practices be interpreted in agile environments. In all three constellations now, the public, text elaborating Generic Practices from all process areas were consolidated to one location instead of characteristics, repeated in Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay each process area. This only means that in of naturalism one place you'll see elaborations for all process areas for public essay, each generic practice. For example, you'll see Generic Practice 2.6 (Control Work Products) listed once and under it you'll see elaborations for characteristics, each of the process areas to help understand how it applies to each one. Substantial changes to the SCAMPI appraisal method (which, technically, isn't part of CMMI), but *is* part of the public essay, CMMI Product Suite.

With each new version, there were changes to characteristics, all CMMI training courses as well. What's the key limitation for public transportation, approaching CMMI? A: This question comes to characteristics of naturalism, us from one of our readers. We love our readers! What's the key effort required in mozart symphony CMMI implementation? A: This question also comes to us from one of our readers. We love our readers!

How do we determine whether to use CMMI for Development or CMMI for Services? A: This question (paraphrased) also comes to characteristics, us from one of our readers. We love our readers! How do customers get from us what we do? Do they submit a request into an existing request system where everyone goes through the same request process and End of in Video Essays, the resulting transaction is only alive for as long (typically short) as the request is outstanding, or, do we build something specific to characteristics of naturalism, a specification and/or statement of work where each effort is on a stand-alone contract? How do customers pay for public, what we do?

Do they pay per request or do they pay for effort/results over time? Is there a Service Level Agreement in place that we have to characteristics of naturalism, meet? Do we operate more on a transaction basis or more on a trusted advisor basis? (Ignore, for now, what your marketing people say.) What are we trying to 40 analysis, improve? How we manage and develop products, or how we provide services? Hopefully, the answers to these questions make the answer to which CMMI constellation to use self-evident. If not, write back, give us some more detail about the situation, and characteristics of naturalism, we'll be happy to help you think this through.

How do we get certified? A: OK, let's get something straight here and End of an Era Rentals Essays, forever-after: You do not get certified in CMMI. At least not yet. In the characteristics, US, the concept of a certification carries a specific legal expectation and mozart 40 analysis, companies who are *rated* (and that *IS* the right term) to a level of the characteristics, CMMI are not being certified to anything. So the correct question is, 'how do you get rated?'. And an even more complete question is, 'how do we get rated to a maturity/capability level X?' We'll get to the difference between Maturity Levels and myers briggs personality test, Capability Levels and what the level numbers mean shortly. The short answer for how to get rated still leaves a lot of information on the table. So, if all you read is this short answer, you'll be doing yourself a disservice. The really short answer on characteristics, getting a level rating is that you get appraised by an appraisal team led by an CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser who determine whether you are performing the practices of the CMMI. This answer is 40 analysis so loaded with hidden terms it's frightening.

So just so you know that you've been warned that this answer is too short, we'll point out each of the characteristics of naturalism, terms in our previous answer that has hidden meaning in it: getting level rating you get appraised appraisal team led CMMI-Institute-Certified Lead Appraiser determine whether performing practices CMMI. There's a condition, requirement or definition in and of themselves for each one of these words. Don't get annoyed, SEI isn't the first, last, only, or worst organization to create such things. Every non-trivial discipline is loaded with concepts that experts can do in their sleep but that requires effort to understand by how to the order, everyone else. It's true of EVERY profession so, _CHILL_OUT_.

Need an example? Think of it like getting into shape. Characteristics Of Naturalism? The short answer is diet and End of an Era in Video, exercise. Of Naturalism? Brilliant. Wonderful. The Vietnam? What do you eat? How much? How often? What sort of work-out routine is right for you?

How do you work out so that you're not just wasting time or harming yourself? See? Don't be so indignant just because you don't like the idea that you need to of naturalism, get a rating and you don't want to. The trend is, that most people asking about what it takes to get a rating are more interested in the rating than the improvement. That's OK. Public Essay? We understand. Sadly, too well. Keep reading this FAQ. What else did you have to do today anyway? How long does it take?

A: Here's another one of those dead give-away questions that a company is more interested in the rating than the improvement. OK, that's a little unfair. Characteristics? Let's just say that as often as we hear this question, our judgmental attitude holds for mozart 40 analysis, ALMOST everyone who asks it. Allright, so maybe you are the exception. The truth is, it's a fair question. For every company. A rare few companies don't care how long it takes. Lucky them. Applying a generous dose of benefit of the doubt, we can assume that the question is asked not for how soon can we get this out of the way? as much as from are there any rules that dictate a minimum time before performing an appraisal? How we can tell whether the characteristics, company is interested in how to the order reaction the improvements vs. the rating is of naturalism simply a linear function of how long into the conversation we are before it gets asked.

All-too-often, the mozart 40 analysis, source of the question is less ignorance of the process and more ignorance of the point behind going through the process. Process improvement purists wish more people were more interested in the journey than in the destination. We are process improvement pragmatists. We know you're not looking at CMMI because you had nothing better to do with your time and money. That's for Bill Gates and his very worthy charitable endeavors. The company he's famous for founding is still in characteristics of naturalism business for the money.

FAST. So, how long it takes is a real question regardless of mozart, how you spend your money. Fortunately, or unfortunately, the answer lies within you, young grasshopper. Really. We can't give you a much better answer than that. Characteristics? What we can do, however, is give you a list of the symphony 40 analysis, attributes that you can use to estimate how long it will take you, and give you a few example cases and characteristics of naturalism, some very general time-ranges. Let's start again with our favorite analogy. Say you're carrying around about 40lbs. (18.18kg) of excess body fat.

How long will it take you to lose the fat? A year? Two? 6 months? Can one person do in myers free 6 months what another person needs 2 years? We all know the answer to these questions. IT DEPENDS! EXACTLY!

How quickly a company can become rated to a pre-determined point in the CMMI's rating scale depends entirely on them and their circumstances. It depends on: their level of characteristics, commitment, their tolerance for and ability to Guerrilla, implement change, how busy they are, what they know about process improvement in general and CMMI in particular, and it depends on where they are as a starting point and characteristics of naturalism, how much of the 40 analysis, organization they want to include in the rating. Working backwards from the appraisal itself (NOT including process changes to incorporate the CMMI practices or goals--only for planning and of naturalism, conducting the appraisal), the absolute minimum calendar time a company should expect between when the starting gun is arabian gulf fired and of naturalism, when they cross the briggs personality free, finish line is a simple matter of of naturalism, logistics. Probably about a month if they're lucky. Two months would be more realistic.

These 2 months, of course, are just the logistics and briggs test, prep-work necessary to characteristics of naturalism, plan and conduct the appraisal and the activities that lead to arabian gulf, an appraisal. Obviously, this time frame would only of naturalism be realistic if the company was completely ready for myers briggs free, the appraisal, had done all their homework, knew exactly what the of naturalism, state of their process implementation was and were literally trying to do nothing more than figure out how much time they had before they could conduct the appraisal. Arabian Gulf? Of course, such a company wouldn't be asking the question. They'd already know. So then there's almost everyone else. Everyone else needs time to first determine where they are in characteristics of naturalism their implementation of CMMI practices. This is like saying, first we need to. find out how much excess fat we're carrying around. A trip to the right physician would answer this. For CMMI, it's called a Gap Analysis (a term we, here, don't like because it presumes something's missing where we prefer to merely look at the Present State ) and can take a week or two. Essay? Then, depending on those factors bulleted earlier, the characteristics of naturalism, gap found by the analysis would need to be filled.

This is the part where a company would need to figure out what it's optimum sustainable diet and exercise routine should be, and, how long to mozart 40 analysis, stick with it to see the desired results. In CMMI v1.1, there were 25 Process Areas, and in v1.2 and of naturalism, v1.3 there are 22 for CMMI for Development and briggs personality free, Acquisition , and 24 for Services . There are two ways to look at characteristics of naturalism them. The duration of the gap closure activities would also be a function of Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, how many (and which ones) of the Process Areas the organization wanted appraised. Each of the Process Areas could be analogous to some aspect of a healthy lifestyle such as food choices, food quantity, shopping, cooking, meal planning, exercises, frequency, repetitions, technique, equipment, blood work, rest, stress management, work environment, time management, and so on. Characteristics? Obviously, the more of the lifestyle someone wanted to adopt, the longer it would likely take. Once a gap is filled (i.e., the weight is lost and/or new muscle mass is added), an Guerrilla Warfare: organization should give itself at of naturalism least 2-3 months (on the short-project end) to 12-16 months (on the myers briggs personality test, larger project end) to actually use their processes. This would provide them with enough data to actually conduct an appraisal.

However, the actual metric isn't the calendar , it's the cycle-time of of naturalism, their development processes. Often called their development life-cycle. Clearly, projects that get from estimate to delivery ( life-cycle ) quickly are going through their processes and generating artifacts of doing so. This is the value to key off of Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, moreso than the clock. On the fat-loss analogy, this would be like finding that point where diet and exercise are enough to keep the of naturalism, weight off and briggs free, one is able to of naturalism, demonstrate to themselves (or others, as needed) that they can, in fact, live and sustain a healthy lifestyle -- in the face of temptation and other uncertainties.

Once people internalize how process improvement works, how long it takes to earn a rating is End of an Era in Video Rentals a question such people stop asking. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Like fat loss and getting into shape, process improvement is a discipline backed by many best practices. Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam? And, just like getting into shape, people are still seeking a silver bullet. We, on the other hand, stick to a healthy diet and characteristics, exercise program. When we're off track we know it. We gain fat and symphony 40 analysis, feel like crap.

When we're on it, we see the results. How much does it cost? A: If you've read the answer to the previous question and are still asking this question then you must really only be wondering about fees, attributes of cost or other general costs. Otherwise, go and read the answer to How long does it take? because time is money and what it costs is largely a matter of what you spend time doing. As for fees, attributes of characteristics of naturalism, cost and other general costs, here's break-down of things that can or will cost you money towards being rated to a capability or maturity level of the arabian gulf, CMMI: The Lead Appraiser will need time to meet with you to plan the appraisal, perform some preliminary evidence review (called Readiness Review) and then to perform the of naturalism, appraisal. The range of what Lead Appraisers charge is pretty wide.

Most charge about $2000/day +/- $1000. As a benchmark for Guerrilla War Essay, your ball-park, the CMMI Institute has a small cadre of Lead Appraisers who can be hired (NOTE: only a few handfuls of Lead Appraisers actually work for the CMMI Institute, most are employees of other companies or operate independently of the characteristics, CMMI Institute.). Prior to transferring to the CMMI Institute, the SEI used to End of an Era Rentals Essays, charge at least $1800/day from the moment they leave their home (or their last engagement) to the moment they get back home (or to their next engagement). Of Naturalism? They also charge for all travel expenses as well as time they spend away from how to determine reaction, your site to do their preparatory and concluding activities. Also, they will often work by the book. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Meaning, a guidebook exists that assists with planning appraisals.

The guide suggests that, based on the scope of the appraisal, appraisals be scheduled for a certain duration and not be condensed into arabian gulf fewer days and longer hours. Lead Appraisers are free to charge whatever they want. Of Naturalism? not many charge the way the SEI once did. (The CMMI Institute will have its own rates that, as of Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay, this udpdate, were not known to of naturalism, us at the site.) Someone will also need to provide Appraisal Team Training to the people you plan to have on the Appraisal Team. This takes 2 days and is usually done by mozart 40 analysis, a Lead Appraiser, and characteristics, best if done by the Lead Appraiser you plan to symphony, have doing your appraisal. So, plan on the Lead Appraiser needing about 1-3 weeks to do the preparatory work for an appraisal, including Appraisal Team Training and at least one Readiness Review, and characteristics of naturalism, then 1-3 weeks to perform the appraisal itself (depending on the scope), then another day to wrap-up all the paperwork. Arabian Gulf? Appraisal Team Members. Every Appraisal for a rating is done by a team.

The minimum number of characteristics of naturalism, people is 4 and arabian gulf, that can include the Lead Appraiser. Of Naturalism? Every person on the team must meet certain individual pre-requisites and briggs personality test, contribute to certain team-wide qualifications. (More on that in answer.) It is best if the of naturalism, team's constituents include people from your company as well as outsiders. At the appraisal, if you don't have (and can't create) qualified people in your company to arabian gulf, be on the team, then you will need to characteristics of naturalism, bring in how to determine of the reaction outside team members. (Most Lead Appraisers keep these in their back pockets -- kinda.) Outside team members are essentially consultants and charge as such. Characteristics Of Naturalism? You're doing well if you can get outside team members for $1000/day. This would be very high-value. And, if you're only charged for a day where 1 day = the arabian gulf, date on the calendar, and not 1 day = 8 hours, you're doing VERY well. Process Improvement Consulting. If your organization needs to of naturalism, get up to speed on CMMI, you'll probably do one of myers test, two things: (1) Look to hire an characteristics employee with the expected expertise, or (2) Look to hire a consultant with the expertise.

Which you choose to Warfare: War Essay, do depends on your organization's needs. The pros and cons of either approach are a basic matter of of naturalism, business and strategy. Either way, there's a cost. As for consultants, they're a lot like Lead Appraisers. And yes, many Lead Appraisers are also consultants. So, what and how they charge is largely up to them. Fees. There are no SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for improving your processes, using their models, or getting an appraisal. The only fees charged by the SEI or CMMI Institute are for courses licensed by briggs personality, them to the providers of such services, and for using their own in-house consultants or Lead Appraisers. There *are* fees for people using their materials when delivering licensed training. First of all, only characteristics of naturalism authorized or certified people can use the material and when such people do so, and the people in class want it to be official, there's a licensing fee that goes to the SEI and/or CMMI Institute.

Consulting firms can charge whatever they want and how to determine, call it whatever they want, but if anyone is implying that there are SEI- or CMMI Institute- mandated fees for consulting or appraising, they're only implying this. What they're really doing is simply separating the time you're paying for of naturalism, doing certain things from the public essay, time you're paying for doing other things. For example, they might say that there's a fee to file your appraisal results. Not with the SEI or CMMI Institute, there's not, but it does take time and it's reasonable for characteristics, them to simply charge you some amount for the time it takes them to put in all the paperwork. Other General Costs.

As above, the only other general costs associated with an Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay appraisal are: Official training, and your employees' time on the clock. NOTICE what's *NOT* in the list above: TOOLS. There is characteristics NO requirement for the purchase or use of any tool. Myers Briggs? Anyone saying that in order to comply with CMMI (or the appraisal) that you must purchase a tool, they're full of *crap!* Some consultants do use tools as part of their work and of naturalism, as part of you hiring them you are also buying a license to use the tool. That's OK.

Since you will end up using the test free, tool after they're gone, it's reasonable that you should pay for using something that is either the consultant's intellectual property, or something they bought and are bringing to the table. And, it's up to you if you want to hire that company. Characteristics? It's not reasonable for you to hire a consultant who tells you they use a tool and then tell them not to use it so you don't have to pay for War Essay, their tools. Many consultants work their pricing structure into of naturalism the productivity and efficiencies they gain by using a tool and asking them to essay, stand by characteristics, their rates when you've asked them to leave their tools in the shed is not playing nice. On the mozart symphony 40 analysis, other hand, anyone telling you that if you don't buy their tool then you are not going to meet the CMMI's requirements or pass the appraisal is FLAT OUT LYING LYING LYING. and should be reported to characteristics, the SEI/CMMI Institute!

And, you can do that by the order of the, taking a number of actions listed here. What's involved (in getting a rating)? A: Um. that's a little broad, don'chya think? But, we get that question frequently enough so we might as well answer it. At least at a very high altitude. There are three broad steps towards achieving a level rating:

This is usually called a gap analysis or present state analysis. The right person to do this is someone who really understands the CMMI and how to appraise for characteristics of naturalism, the CMMI. Too often we get into companies who thought they were simply smart enough to do it themselves -- in some cases doing nothing more than downloading the model and test free, reading it which is characteristics enough for symphony 40 analysis, very few organizations, but it's extremely rare. Even taking the SEI's licensed Introduction to CMMI course(s) seldom provides enough of an understanding to determine, without any other direct experience, how closely your company is performing the expected practices of characteristics, CMMI, or how your particular implementation of the practices will fare in an appraisal. Also, please don't make the following mistake: Assume you're golden just because you've been through an ISO 9000 audit, you've won the Malcolm Baldridge Award, or even been in an organization assessed to the intent of SW-CMM. We've actually found that prior experience with other process-oriented bodies of work can work against a company's true understanding of what CMMI is about, how to implement it effectively, and how to arabian gulf, appraise their practices. Once you know what and where your gaps are in of naturalism implementation you're ready for the next broad step. This is usually called, in transportation essay CMMI circles, Process Improvement Although this step implies that your processes aren't up to the task as they stand now, what it really implies is of naturalism that you will likely be making some changes to your current processes as you implement CMMI's practices and how to of the, the method you should follow is one of characteristics of naturalism, process improvement and not simply a re-skinning of your paper trail. The entire purpose behind CMMI is that of performance improvement via process improvement , and companies that simply slap a layer of CMMI processes over top of what they're currently doing is not process improvement, it's death by process; it's WASTE. It's come to our attention that CMMI has a reputation as being death by process as it is. We firmly believe that it's the how to determine of the reaction, latter approach towards CMMI implementation, as described in the previous paragraph, that causes this, not CMMI.

To be blunt (you're used to of naturalism, it by now, yes?), slapping CMMI over top of your existing process, those processes that you feel have been working all along, is Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay a STUPID way to characteristics of naturalism, implement CMMI. On the other hand, if you do find value in practices CMMI promotes, then what you want to transportation essay, be doing is implementing them in a way that continues to provide you with the value-proposition of the things you like about your current processes and replacing or adding with CMMI those things that could use some strengthening. The smoothest way to this approach is by of naturalism, following CMMI as a guide to building a systemic process improvement infrastructure. Again, please be advised that doing this on your own without a CMMI expert employee or consultant is myers briggs test not advisable for the same reasons having an expert is best for performing the present state analysis. One last comment on this step (and it's a bit of an unsung truism about the CMMI): companies who are honestly thrilled with their current process and really have a handle on the outcome of their efforts are probably doing a lot of what the CMMI would have you doing. Such companies may call their activities by different names, they might reach the goals in a less traditional way, but ultimately, they are getting the characteristics of naturalism, job done and are still in business, so they must be doing things right. (Or at least doing the right things.) If this is arabian gulf you, then your effort towards implementing CMMI is going to be quite painless and enjoyable. Oh, OK. there really is one other important point: CMMI says precious little about organizational culture and leadership necessary to make any of this work. Characteristics Of Naturalism? First and foremost, improving performance must address the Warfare:, organizational psychology of the characteristics, business. If/when there are issues with the organizational psychology, they are nearly always a negative effect on Guerrilla, improvement.

If the organizational culture and psychology are not conducive to improvement, give it up. Getting appraised is what most people think about of naturalism when they are looking at CMMI. The appraisal is what gives an organization their Level. Once the appropriate expert can make a sound call on your organization's implementation of the CMMI practices, you can start planning for an appraisal. Details of the appraisal are answered elsewhere in this FAQ.

How does the appraisal work? A: NOTE: This answer is for v1.3 of the appraisal method. Users of prior appraisal methods may not recognize this. Just so you understand that the complete answer to this question is ordinarily delivered in 2 days' worth of training. 40 Analysis? We're obviously limited in of naturalism what we can explain here. We're going to pick up the Warfare: War Essay, appraisal with the portion of the appraisal that most people think about: the on-site period. It's that period of time when there's an appraisal team at your company and they're looking at your evidence and conducting interviews (or performing some other accepted form of verbal affirmation). It's at the end of characteristics of naturalism, this period that a company gets the results of the mozart symphony, appraisal and, when all goes well, a rating. So. that's pretty much what happens at of naturalism the appraisal: A team, lead by a Lead Appraiser looks at evidence and makes a judgment on that evidence regarding the extent to which the it demonstrates that CMMI's practices are being implemented.

There are 2 types of myers test free, evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. The evidence comes from the work products of actual organizational activities (projects, services, etc.). In actuality, instead of of naturalism, specifying that evidence come from projects the determine the order, term is Basic Units. The number of projects (er, Basic Units) is a function of the organization to which the rating will apply. You need a sample of Basic Units representative of the characteristics, organization. And, no, you can't pick them, the Lead Appraiser works with you to pick them; and, no, you can't look at only the End of in Video Essays, best aspects of the organization and puzzle together all the good-looking evidence from characteristics, a bunch of different activities. The characterizations are then looked at in aggregate according to rules in determine the order of the reaction the MDD across all Basic Units. Basically, after aggregating the characterizations across all Basic Units, no single practice can be characterized as less than Largely Implemented or it will spell disaster. Even then, if certain practices are found even Largely Implemented, and characteristics of naturalism, the appraisal team believes there's a pattern in what they're seeing that causes these practices to only be found as Largely Implemented, the team may still choose to say that whatever's causing these practices to not be Fully Implemented is End of Rentals worrisome enough to preclude the organization from achieving the goals of the characteristics of naturalism, Process Area, and public transportation, if any goal in a Process Area isn't achieved, then it can't be said that the whole Process Area is being satisfied, can it? And, that, our friends, is how the characteristics of naturalism, appraisal works: it's a search for whether the arabian gulf, organization is satisfying the goals of those Process Areas in scope of the appraisal. Basic Units are drawn from Sub-Groups.

Sub-Groups are distinguished by a set of key factors that differentiate on Sub-Group from another. Location: if work is performed in more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different). Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of who the characteristics, customer is or what they require. Size: if work is performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the arabian gulf, organizational structure. Type of work: if there is of naturalism more than one distinct type of work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of systems vs. electronic components). Once you distinguish Sub-Groups based on these factors (and others, that you and your lead appraiser may determine to be relevant), there's an equation that is used to ensure that the number of Basic Units chosen from each Sub-Group is representative of the size of the Sub-Group and is representative of the Sub-Group's sizes in relation to the entire organization under consideration.

A: Ah-ha! Finally! A quick and easy question! Who can do the appraisal? A: Another quick and easy question, thanks! A Certified Lead Appraiser. Certified by how to the order, who? The SEI and/or CMMI Institute. Lead Appraisers (as of this writing) have to qualify by surviving the following activities in of naturalism this order (sort-a): Introduction to CMMI Intermediate Concepts of transportation essay, CMMI, or two distinct CMMI for Practitioners courses Being a team member on at least 2 SCAMPIs* SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training, various examinations throughout, and Being observed performing a SCAMPI by one of characteristics of naturalism, a very few number of public, people the CMMI Institute trusts to do that sort of thing *Participating on 2 SCAMPIs can happen any time after the Introduction to CMMI course but must happen prior to applying for SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training.

The placement of characteristics of naturalism, SCAMPI participation is unrelated to when someone takes Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or the two CMMI for Practitioners courses. NOTE: There is a distinction for High Maturity appraisals and briggs personality test, Lead Appraisers. High Maturity are appraisals performed to of naturalism, a target maturity level of arabian gulf, 4 or 5. High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLA) are required to take more coursework, more exams (written and oral), and to qualify in much greater depth of experience and knowledge in concepts found in the Maturity Level 4 and 5 process areas. Of Naturalism? For all SCAMPI A Lead Appraisers, the now obsolete designation was authorized. Authorized Lead Appraisers who have not moved forward to become certified Lead Appraisers (whether or not high maturity) are no longer qualified to perform SCAMPI A appraisals. Guerrilla War Essay? Make sure your Lead Appraiser is characteristics of naturalism qualified by Guerrilla Warfare:, asking them for this certification. Characteristics? (This certification does not apply to SCAMPI B C Team Leaders -- they are not certified, they remain authorized.) IMPORTANT!

ALSO, as of v1.2 (2006) of the MDD: The organization being appraised needs to have a contractual relationship with the Partner Organization sponsoring the Lead Appraiser performing the appraisal in order for the appraisal to be valid. This rule stayed in place in MDD v1.3. Can we have our own people on the appraisal? A: Yes! Yes, in fact, it's encouraged. The appraisal team must be at least 4 people strong (including the Lead Appraiser), and with your company's employees on the appraisal team you increase the odds of buy-in to the appraisal process as well as follow-up and follow-through on any recommended actions from the appraisal.

There are a number of qualifications potential team members must meet, the most logistically challenging of End of in Video Rentals, them being that candidate team members must have had a licensed delivery of the Introduction to characteristics of naturalism, CMMI before going into myers personality test the appraisal activities (which begin a month or more before the actual on-site period). A few other details are also expected which should be worked out between your company and your Lead Appraiser. Can we have observers at the appraisal? A: Let's first start by defining what an observer is. Of Naturalism? An observer is someone who is not qualified to determine reaction, be on of naturalism, the appraisal team, or, despite being qualified is not actually on the appraisal team, but is test hanging around with the appraisal team while they do their thing. Characteristics? OK, got that? What sort of evidence is required by the appraisal? A: There are 2 types of evidence: Artifacts and Affirmations. For each practice in the scope of an appraisal, the public transportation essay, requirement for evidence (in a SCAMPI Class A appraisal -- which we'll get to later) requires either Artifacts and Affirmations, or either Artifacts or Affirmations, as a function of the characteristics, volume of work being appraised and several other factors determined by the evidence sampling rules. These are the essay, actual product or output of characteristics of naturalism, following a procedure, performing a process or some direct or supporting output or outcome of implementing a practice. Arabian Gulf? It's fairly simple.

If, for example, the way you implement a practice says you are to fill out a certain template, then the filled-out template is a Direct artifact of the of naturalism, practice. Public Transportation? It doesn't matter whether the artifacts are a direct work product of the process or whether the artifact is a clear support to performing the work necessary to produce a work product. Of Naturalism? Artifacts are simply something tangible coming from having the practice performed. Sometimes these are agendas or minutes from meetings where it can be seen that a certain topic was addressed, and it happens that working through the issue is, in effect, doing a practice. Another common example would be where different versions of the same work product demonstrate that the work product was updated over time. And, successive versions would indicate that a process was in place to make the changes. If the practice says to keep track of End of in Video, changes, these versions could be used to demonstrate that changes were made, and characteristics, one could infer that there was some way to keep track of them even though the fact that changes were made isn't actually the same as keeping track of changes. Sometimes, it might even be something the appraisal team can observe while it's happening. Public Transportation Essay? All of of naturalism, which are tangible.

Essentially interviews. These can also be obtained through other means such as surveys and demonstrations, most appraisals find it useful to conduct face-to-face interviews with the people who are actually doing the of the, work, and hopefully, performing the characteristics, practices. Again, the myers briggs free, mix of artifacts and affirmations are an important detail that follow specific rules. The rules themselves are HIGHLY context-dependent. You're best working with a Certified Lead Appraiser on how to apply the rules to your specific situation. The rules themselves are in the Method Definition Document (MDD v1.3). Look for the terms Coverage, Sampling, or Data Sufficiency. How much of our company can we get appraised? A: The part of your company that gets the characteristics of naturalism, actual rating is called the Organizational Unit. This can be the arabian gulf, entire company or only parts of it as determined by of naturalism, the types of work (and as such, the types of processes) the company wants the appraisal to be performed on, and as a result, the appraisal results to apply towards.

How many projects (basic units) need to be appraised? A: NOTE: Since the symphony 40 analysis, SCAMPI (appraisal) method applies to more than just CMMI for of naturalism, Development, the free, notion of what is characteristics appraised is transportation essay no longer limited to projects. Characteristics? The broader (if, admittedly, more vague) term, basic unit is personality used. Basic Unit is the name applied by characteristics of naturalism, the CMMI appraisal method to the dimension of work performaned by an organization as evaluated in an appraisal. Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay? In many cases, these Basic Units are discrete projects or types of characteristics of naturalism, services . But because projects or types of services don't always meet the needs of an appraisal (or of an organization scoping an appraisal), we use Basic Units as a more generic term. Determine The Order Of The Reaction? Basic units are drawn from Sub-Groups of the organization. Location: if work is performed in characteristics of naturalism more than one location (can be near, far -- not limited, what matters is whether or not the processes and other relevant attributes are different).

Customer: if different customers are served by different Basic Units or are served differently because of End of in Video Essays, who the customer is characteristics of naturalism or what they require. How To Determine? Size: if work is characteristics performed differently based on the size of the Basic Unit, or Support Function, or the size of the effort. Organizational Structure: if work is performed differently in different parts of the briggs free, organizational structure. Type of work: if there is more than one distinct type of of naturalism, work done in the organization (mobile apps vs. mainframe, hardware vs. software, systems of symphony, systems vs. electronic components). Can we have more than one appraisal and inch our way towards a rating? A: No, At least not yet. Well, at least not in the way you're thinking. You can have as many appraisals as you want, however, at this time, if you want a Maturity Level rating (or even a Capability Level rating -- more on that later), you will only achieve that if the appraisal looks at characteristics all the Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, evidence for all the Process Areas in characteristics the scope of the appraisal in a single appraisal. There is talk afoot of allowing something like a cumulative appraisals where you can do some subset of an appraisal scope then come back and Guerrilla Warfare:, do a little more, and characteristics, so on until you've completed the scope and how to the order of the reaction, then putting it all together for a rating, but that's not how it works today. If you do perform several appraisals where none (except, perhaps, the last) are for a complete Maturity Level, it would only serve to provide you a sense of how you're doing, you couldn't use the results of of naturalism, those appraisals to public essay, pare down what needs to be done at the appraisal you're conducting for all the marbles. If we go for a level now, do we have to go through it again to get to the next level?

A: Yes. Whether you are pursuing a Maturity or Capability level rating, you go through all the evidence again for whatever levels you achieved before. One reason is that at this time there are no mechanisms in place to allow for cumulative appraisals, which is what would be necessary to make this approach work. Of Naturalism? However, even more fundamentally, the appraisal team and Lead Appraiser can't be expected to assume that there would be evidence from the lower levels to myers, support the higher levels' activities. Even more basic than that is the fact that the levels support one another and it would be very unlikely that appraising to a higher level could be accomplished without evidence from the characteristics, earlier levels. The only exception to this is if an mozart 40 analysis appraisal is spread out over a period of time, and characteristics, is, in fact, one long appraisal.

The time-limit for completing a single appraisal is how to reaction 90 days. How long does the certification last? A: Setting aside the fact that it's *NOT* a certification (See #1), the current answer is that Appraisal Results will be recognized by of naturalism, the CMMI Institute for three (3) years from date of the appraisal's acceptance by the CMMI Institute (or if prior to 1 Dec 2012, by public essay, the SEI. What is the of naturalism, difference between SCAMPI Class A, B and C appraisals? A: The differences boil down to how to determine, the level of of naturalism, rigor, and, as reflection of the level of rigor, to what the mozart 40 analysis, outcomes can be. How do we pick a consultant or lead appraiser? A: Anyone claiming to be a lead appraiser must be certified by the CMMI Institute to do so. The CMMI Institute refers, collectively, to all people certified to characteristics, perform CMMI-related work using their materials as a certified individual. Thus, all actual lead appraisers are certified individuals.

You can search/sort a list of how to determine of the, such people here, and, specifically limit your search to lead appraisers. To narrow your search to a geographic area, you're better off searching for a CMMI Institute partner. The partner search has many more ways to search, which includes limiting to a certain type of service offered. And then, once you find a partner, you can see the authorized individuals associated with that partner. Caveat Emptor (buyer beware), and characteristics, Pick one who you feel can understand your business and in Video Rentals Essays, your needs; your context . WHY must the buyer beware? Because interpreting models for characteristics, how a given implementation can be done, and also recognizing that a given implementation of a model is a legitimate interpretation of the the order of the reaction, model are far from exact science. CMMI is a model not a standard, as we've said many times before. It's not something that, when applied, will look the same each time. Furthermore, as we've said, the practices in the model are not processes themselves, they are practices to improve processes.

It takes skill to effectively interpret the characteristics, model and implement it in public a given situation, and, it takes contextual relate-ability to appraise whether the model has been implemented or interpreted properly/effectively. Where can we see a list of organizations that have been appraised? A: Finally! A question with a simple, straight-forward and easy answer! There are, however, a few points to keep in mind: Not all organizations have asked to be listed in the system, not appearing does not guarantee they have not been appraised. If an characteristics organization has changed their name after being listed, they will *not* be listed with their subsequent name(s), organizations are only The Vietnam War Essay listed with the name they had when the appraisal was performed. Of Naturalism? Pay close attention to the Organizational Unit (OU) (discussed on this FAQ here) of the determine the order, appraisal. Though you may be interested in validating whether a company has been rated, it's rare that entire companies are rated (especially if the company is characteristics of naturalism not small). A company may be listed, but the myers briggs personality test, organizational unit in characteristics of naturalism the listing may not be the arabian gulf, same as the one you're looking for.

Or, there may be several organizational units within a single company. Do not take for granted that the organization you are researching is (or its people are) the same as the one appearing in the system. Once all the appraisal data is fully completed and submitted to the CMMI Institute, it can take 30 days before appearing in of naturalism the PARS. Most common causes of taking longer include: appraisal team or sponsor not completing their appraisal experience surveys, appraisal sponsor not signing the Guerrilla, appraisal disclosure statement (ADS), or issues with the of naturalism, results that are being investigated by CMMI Institute's SCAMPI QA process. What happens when a company with a CMMI rating is bought, sold, or merged with another company? A: Current and prior versions of appraisals (through and including v1.3) are patently rearward-looking. Furthermore, in v1.3, explicit sampling factors were put in Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay place to distinguish important characteristics of the organizations being appraised that may cause the circumstances and therefore the processes to change from one part of the of naturalism, operation to Essays, another. Of Naturalism? As such, the Guerrilla The Vietnam War Essay, only valid statements that can be made about an organization and appraisals performed on the organization are statements related to the specific organization named in the appraisal results at the time of the appraisal.

What's the official record of the appraisal results? A: The Appraisal Disclosure Statement (ADS) is the sole and characteristics, entirety of the official results of the appraisal, regardless of what does or does not appear in the CMMI Institute's Published Appraisal Results System, (PARS). Nothing in any appraisal presentation, and unlikely anything to briggs personality free, be found framed and on the wall at a company, or printed on a large banner and hung from a footbridge are official or complete indication of what exactly was appraised and the meaning and context of the characteristics, results of an appraisal. (It's unlikely, but possible, that a company might actually frame their ADS. It's several pages long; but in the spirit of avoiding any absolutes we can't prove, above, we used the phrase . and unlikely anything to be found. .) In any case, the ADS is generated by the Lead Appraiser after all the other data has been collected and submitted to the appraisal system. It's signed by public essay, the appraiser and the sponsor, and contains all the details of the appraisal, its circumstances, the characteristics, explicit organizational unit to which the results apply, and the results themselves. Arabian Gulf? If someone were serious about determining whether an organization has been appraised, when, to what end, and to characteristics, what scope, they should request to see the non-confidential parts (if any are even confidential) of the ADS. Can we go directly to Maturity Level 5? A: Technically, it *is* possible in arabian gulf the most explicit use of the term possible to be rated directly at maturity level 5. All this means (in the case of maturity level 5 for Development , for example) is that the of naturalism, organization was appraised performing the Specific Goals of all 22 process areas up to and including Generic Goal 3 of each process area. The fact that they were not level-rated before this results in the organization having appeared as achieving ML5 directly . What is the difference between renewing the CMMI rating and trying to get it again once it has expired? A: Generally, the difference is only in how much preparation it takes the organization. In our collective experience, most 1 st -time ratings require some amount of transition from the original present state of the organization's practices to some new present state of essay, practice in later future such that they can attain the desired level rating.

Q: Can my organize go directly to characteristics of naturalism, a formal SCAMPI A without any SCAMPI B or SCAMPI C? Is it mandatory that before a formal SCAMPI A, formal SCAMPI C and B should be completed? A: A: We've gotten this question more than a few times, so it's about time we put it onto the CMMI FAQ. This is true for *any* SCAMPI A--regardless of whether it is your second, tenth, or first, or any other SCAMPI A. CMMI, Agile, LifeCycles and other Process Concepts FAQs. What if our development life cycle doesn't match-up with CMMI's? A: CMMI isn't a development life cycle. It's a model for the order of the, building an improvement system to continuously improve very particular areas of what goes on during development, regardless of the life cycle. Characteristics? This is a central tenet of Entinex's approach to CMMI, by the way. Life cycles and management structures, Scrum, Kanban, XP, whatever, are not incompatible with CMMI because they're only related to CMMI in as much as they may cause you to do things that happen to help you improve what you do. CMMI is agnostic to *how* you manage your work, or the methodology you use to develop your products (or deliver services).

CMMI is not where you'll learn how to build your product or deliver your services. CMMI will not tell you how to operate your business. CMMI is only helpful if you already know how to do these things and is then used to improve your performance. Lifecycles are how you get things done. You choose them and CMMI can help you improve within them. Doesn't the CMMI only work if you're following the Waterfall model?

A: NO! CMMI is not about development life cycles. In Video? While a fair criticism of CMMI is that many of the contributors come from a Waterfall- centric or a Big Plan Up Front, top-down way of developing wares, they were at characteristics of naturalism least careful not to box anyone into public essay following a specific development method. Characteristics? Nonetheless, it takes very deep understanding of the CMMI to arabian gulf, implement it, regardless of which life cycle you follow. We've got more to say on this, so check back in a bit. Of Naturalism? Meanwhile, you can browse over to our AgileCMMI blog. How does CMMI compare with ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL? (or other standards?)

A: While there is transportation considerable overlap between these models, frameworks, and best practices, they are different from each other and of naturalism, used for different purposes. People who ask this question come from myers briggs personality, one (or both) of two camps: They're just totally unfamiliar with CMMI (and/or the characteristics, others), and are asking innocently enough, and/or They just look at CMMI (and the others) as some standard they need to comply with, and not as something that can make a positive difference in the operations of business. (We've found that last type common among government contracting officers.) Let's address a question of standards first. The process areas and the practices within them are not intended on The Vietnam, being or replacing any technical standard for doing anything. Some process areas that share names with other familiar activities have volumes of standards already written for how to perform those activities. Many of the engineering-oriented process areas come immediately to mind such as Configuration Management and Requirements Development. Of Naturalism? And this matter brings up a very important, but often neglected, fact about CMMI: it is *not* a standard for technical activities.

And, for whatever CMMI *is* supposed to be used for, it does *not* a prescribe how to do anything in it. People who do not understand how we can try to get away with saying that CMMI isn't prescriptive and doesn't represent a technical standard are simply not fully informed -- or worse -- have been misinformed about CMMI. We'd really love an opportunity to set the record straight. CMMI is about improving management processes associated with developing and delivering technical products and services. CMMI is not about the technical processes needed to actually do the developing and delivering.

The CMMI process areas are what the authors believe to be important elements that contribute to a systematic ability to affect process improvement in and among (the management of) those technical process and practices that actually develop and deliver the products and services. In essence, CMMI's process areas are the things needed for process improvement of technical activities, not the activities themselves. What CMMI is saying is: In order to improve your processes, you need to manage your requirements, risks and configurations; you need to plan, monitor and Warfare:, control your projects; you need to measure and analyze the of naturalism, output of your efforts; you need to actually pay attention to the performance of your project to how well they follow processes and to whether your processes are working out for you. CMMI then says: if you really want to get good at these things you'd have be making a focused effort on War Essay, your processes, you'd have standardized process assets, an of naturalism organization-wide training program and a formality to your technical activities that might otherwise be left to fend for themselves. For the mozart symphony 40 analysis, true process zeal: you'd be able to quantify the performance of your projects and processes and you'd be able improve them by focusing on characteristics, what numbers tell you to focus on, not just what people gripe about the most. CMMI also says that if you're going to do a process, you should have a policy for briggs test free, doing it, a plan for characteristics, it, resources, assignments, process-level training, stakeholder involvement, and other activities to make them stick. If process improvement is what you want, it only makes sense, doesn't it? (The types of activities mentioned here are from the process areas and generic practices, in mozart symphony 40 analysis case they weren't familiar to you.)

You see, CMMI has a number of process areas that are needed for technical activities, but their presence in CMMI is because these process are also needed for process engineering just as much as they are needed for technical engineering. SO, if we disassemble a process area into characteristics its purpose and goals in light of the briggs, above understanding we will see that the purpose and characteristics of naturalism, goals are not oriented at technical activities, they're oriented towards process improvement activities. An Era In Video Rentals Essays? We can hope that in this context, the matter of of naturalism, whether CMMI is End of an Era Rentals a technical standard can be laid to rest, and, we hope that we bring a deeper appreciation for how CMMI works. With that, we can simply explain that ISO/TL 9000 and ITIL have a different focus than CMMI, and just like CMMI has process engineering processes that sound similar to technical engineering processes, these other bodies of knowledge also have their similar-sounding activities that are needed and relevant for the purpose they each represent. Of Naturalism? Since this isn't a FAQ about in Video ISO/TL 9000 or ITIL, we hope it's enough of an answer for of naturalism, now to explain that wherever CMMI has a practice that seems like it's also in another body, CMMI does not innately conflict with the others. there are ways of implementing CMMI that can make them all work well. however, an organization can go about symphony 40 analysis implementing any practice under the characteristics, sun that could conflict with some other practice, CMMI or otherwise, but it would not be because of anything in CMMI. Aren't CMMI and Agile / Kanban / Lean methods at opposite ends of the spectrum? A: Not at all. We've got A LOT of content on this subject! Instead of being very redundant by putting something here, please check out the blog on that topic, and myers briggs test, the SEI's Technical Note, CMMI or Agile: Why Not Embrace Both! . How are CMMI and SOX (SarBox / Sarbanes-Oxley) Related? A: They're not. Well. at least not in the way that many people think they might be.

See, many people think that because the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 (which we'll just call SarBox) frequently involves business process and IT infrastructure and related systems, that it involves CMMI. But, in characteristics of naturalism actually, the connection to CMMI is arabian gulf rather weak and always is a function of the organization's intentional effort to connect the two. SEI / CMMI Institute FAQs. Why is CMMI Being Taken Out of the SEI? A: CMMI and characteristics, its predecessors have been worked on arabian gulf, by SEI for over 25 years. Much of it was funded by the US Department of Defense (DOD).

The DOD stopped funding CMMI several years ago. However, SEI is still an of naturalism FFRDC (see here) funded by DOD. In part, for SEI to briggs, continue research development (RD) on of naturalism, CMMI, some of the briggs personality test, support for that effort would be from money paid to the SEI by DOD for other RD. In 2012 the DOD decided that it wanted the SEI to focus all of its resources on evolving other technologies more urgent to DOD than CMMI and that the CMMI is mature enough to support itself. So, instead of dropping CMMI entirely, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) is creating the CMMI Institute to operate CMMI (and People-CMM and a few other things, eventually). Characteristics? CMMI Institute will be able to evolve CMMI in directions independent of the path it was on while within SEI. Who Will Operate the myers personality test free, CMMI. A: CMMI will continue to be owned and operated by Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) through a start-up entity is created in 2012 called the characteristics of naturalism, CMMI Institute which will formally assume operation of CMMI on Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay, 1 January 2013 . This entity will be able to be more market-focused and industry-driven.

Research will continue, but the characteristics of naturalism, research will be more goal-oriented, and, CMMI Institute will operate more like a commercial business than an academic think-tank. The CMMI Institute will have to public, be self-sustaining since it won't have an automatic funding line from CMU (at least not a significant one) and characteristics of naturalism, SEI will not be supporting it. What Will Happen to CMMI? Will CMMI Continue to how to determine the order, be Supported? A: CMMI will continue to characteristics of naturalism, be supported by arabian gulf, CMMI Institute. CMMI Institute will continue to support existing users while also orienting CMMI towards emerging market-driven needs. We can expect CMMI and its related products and services (such as appraisals) to be evolved in directions that make sense to meet many market segments and to appeal to audiences more broadly than the RD required of the SEI. Of Naturalism? We can also expect changes (improvements) in arabian gulf the variety of of naturalism, appraisals, the Essays, quality/qualifications of instructors and of naturalism, appraisers and even possible new designations for appraisals, appraisal results, and appraisers. Will CMMI Change? What's the Future of public essay, CMMI?

A: CMMI will stay the same for a while, but when it changes, anything is possible. While the current version and architecture of CMMI may continue to evolve along its current trajectory, this is only one possibility. When not directed towards DOD RD, CMMI can evolve along many new paths. Of Naturalism? For example, CMMI can branch so that there are different versions for different markets. It could split-up so that there are subsets that are re-packaged for different uses/users. Arabian Gulf? Different types of appraisals can be created to meet demands not suitably addressed by versions through v1.3 of of naturalism, CMMI and 40 analysis, the appraisal methods.

Imagine, for example, versions of CMMI and of appraisals that focus on characteristics, ongoing improvement in bottom-line performance, or versions that meet the myers briggs, specific targeted needs of start-ups and their venture backers. Imagine appraisers and consultants specifically qualified to work with lean, agile, start-ups, enterprise, operational services, technical debt, or DevOps, each with a version of CMMI, training, and characteristics of naturalism, appraisals suited specifically to their business and Guerrilla, without the ambiguity currently experienced with only one version of everything for everyone.. These are the sorts of things possible now that were not available before. Will Appraisal Results Continue to Be Valid Once SEI No Longer Runs CMMI? A: Appraisal results achieved while CMMI was still under the characteristics of naturalism, SEI will still be valid under the CMMI Institute. Appraisal results will expire as per End of Rentals their original expiration dates. Appraisals performed after CMMI Institute assumed responsibility for CMMI will follow the same expiration rules per the version of the appraisal performed. Changes to appraisals, appraisal methods, appraisal results, and expiration will be made and deployed in characteristics of naturalism a manner consistent with the needs of the market and Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam War Essay, ordinary refresh and release processes. Of Naturalism? It should be noted that SEI does not own the intellectual property or related assets of CMMI, Carnegie Mellon University (CMU) owns them. Therefore, the backing of essay, CMMI and the appraisals has been and of naturalism, will continue to be from CMU. What Will Happen to Conferences and other CMMI-oriented Events Once Sponsored by SEI?

A: SEI will continue to conduct and sponsor its own events and conferences, but they will no longer include CMMI as a focus. Just as for myers personality free, other events and characteristics, conference, CMMI can't be kept out of the End of, public discourse and use, and, therefore, it's likely that conference/event content within an SEI activity would reference CMMI, SEI will not sponsor CMMI-specific events after 1 January 2013. CMMI Institute will be responsible for its own choice of sponsoring and supporting CMMI events and conferences. While traditional annual CMMI-oriented events may continue to be run, it's also possible that there will be smaller, more frequent CMMI-oriented events that are more targeted either geographically or by market, or both. Will We Still Be Able to Work with Our Current SEI Partner? A: All current SEI Partners in characteristics good standing will be offered the opportunity to have their licenses continue to oeprated under CMMI Institute. Myers Briggs Test? In fact, since the CMMI intellectual property belongs to Carnegie Mellon University (CMU), the licenses are between the Partners and CMU, not SEI. Other than changes to references to characteristics of naturalism, SEI and Guerrilla, website URLs, the change of relationship between the Partners and CMMI Institute will not change the relationship between you and characteristics of naturalism, your Partners. Isn't this just a cash cow for End of in Video Rentals, the SEI (now CMMI Institute)? A: Um, well, yeah. Characteristics? but as far as the arabian gulf, SEI goes, they're just, in effect, a US Department of Defense (DOD) contractor in all this. You see, the of naturalism, DOD put out an RFP for some university-based research/think-tank to come up with a solution to the problem of abysmal performance of how to determine the order of the, software projects.

The SEI turned in the winning proposal and was awarded the contract for a Federally-Funded Research and Development Center (FFRDC). FFRDCs are typically established, academic, not-for-profit organizations whose outputs are the intellectual property of the researchers' employers but freely distributed within the government and characteristics, anyone the government says can use it. And so, Carnegie Mellon University's Software Engineering Institute (SEI) beat out the University of Maryland in the competition to be the FFRDC to solve the problem. The DOD liked CMU's proposed CMM (for software) approach for improving the quality, cost, and schedule fidelity of software development more than they liked U of M's Goal-Question-Metric approach. As a total aside, we find it rather a good chuckle that CMU now also teaches GQM! But, we digress. SEI was mandated to work on and continuously improve the field and mozart, body of knowledge for of naturalism, software management and engineering. An Era? That's how we now have CMMI v1.3 and a bevy of other process, engineering and characteristics, management tools, models, courses, etc., where we once started out public transportation essay with just CMM for software. So the bottom line is: Except for when companies *choose* to hire SEI for training or consulting, the SEI does not actually make money on companies who *use* CMMI. The majority of materials are free to use because they were developed with taxpayer money, and those things that aren't free are cost-recovery for administration of everyone using SEI services and licensed products. Let's be clear about something: organizations do not need SEI to improve their processes, and characteristics, if companies want to avoid what they perceive as high costs, they can invest a relatively small amount to grow their own internal CMMI and SCAMPI wherewithal.

What makes SEI the authority on what are best practices in software? A: Lest you think SEI is entirely made-up of ivory-tower academic pinheads, you'd be surprised to learn that SEI is how to determine the order reaction still a university research institute, and as such is as worried as any business or school would be about their credibility, keeping their knowledge-base up-to-date with the latest research, techniques, technology and tools. Besides that, the vast majority of people who work on the CMMI come from industry, not academia. The list of contributors and reviewers is as impressive as it is long. While even we concede that the list is a bit heavy with companies who are Federal contractors and companies who can be described as large, deep-pocketed organizations with plenty of ability to absorb overhead, if we want to of naturalism, be fair, we should note that such companies are not alone, and, that they were among the few companies who showed any interest when things got kicked off. As CMMI adoption and an Era in Video Rentals Essays, exposure increased, so did participation and inclusion of smaller companies. It's not so much, then, that SEI is the authority, it's the collection of expert software practitioners from across the business spectrum who are the authority. Characteristics? The SEI just makes it possible for these people to get together and centralized. The question of whether or not there are actual *best* practices is transportation out of scope for this FAQ. Let's just agree that there may have been a better term than best for characteristics, the collection of practices they put together. Do the Lead Appraisers work for the SEI?

A: Not all of arabian gulf, them. In fact, only a few do. The rest are licensed to appraise through Partners (once known as Transition Partners), and some of characteristics of naturalism, them are also very part time Independent Consultants. CMMI Institute does, however, administer and train people to be certified to End of an Era in Video Rentals Essays, take leadership roles and characteristics of naturalism, responsibilities for public transportation, leading appraisals and delivering Introduction to CMMI instruction. In particular, CMMI Institute controls very closely how and when it allows people to become SCAMPI Lead Appraisers. Characteristics Of Naturalism? Even still, while the cadre of people with the authority to observe candidate Lead Appraisers on behalf of the SEI CMMI Institute is small, only a few of them are actually CMMI Institute employees. The rest are Independent Consultants who work very closely with the CMMI Institute. What's a Transition Partner? What's the Partner Network? A: Transition Partner is the name previously used for companies/organizations in the SEI's Partner Network.

In 2006, the determine the order reaction, name given to this program (and to these organizations) was changed from characteristics of naturalism, Transition Partner to Partner Network . These are organizations (companies, individuals) who holds a license from the SEI and/or CMMI Institute to use SEI materials and Guerrilla Warfare:, perform official activities which are registered with the SEI and/or CMMI Institute such as formal, reported SCAMPIs and training. (NOTE: Some Partners still provide non-CMMI services and use non-CMMI materials that are still held within the SEI and have not (yet, if ever) ported over to the CMMI Institute with CMMI in December 2012.) The original term Transition Partner comes from the concept of companies who are out in of naturalism the field as SEI's partners helping other organizations transition to using CMMI. The Vietnam? Seriously, though, if you're still using or hearing the term Transition Partner, it's so totally last decade. All individuals wanting to be certified to do things using SEI content in any way must be sponsored through a Partner and characteristics, pay a licensing fee for each credential they want to hold. How do we report concerns about ethics, conflicts of arabian gulf, interest, and/or compliance? A: Waste, Fraud, Abuse, and characteristics of naturalism, Noncompliance with Policies Harms Everyone. How To Determine Reaction? If you have concerns about the truth behind an organization's rating, or about the ethics, compliance or conflict-of-interest of a consultant or appraiser, we strongly encourage you to report these concerns to the SEI. You may also want to review the SEI's Partner policies, here, as well to ensure your concern is characteristics of naturalism properly supported. All authorized and symphony 40 analysis, licensed individuals and organizations must operate through a Partner, so all investigations will include an characteristics of naturalism inquiry to the Partner. The Ethics and Compliance site is here, there you can also see other information on expectations and how to transportation essay, report your concerns. The US Hotline Phone Number (24/7/365) is: 1-877-217-6316, and. The direct reporting email address for characteristics, Ethics and essay, Compliance concerns is:

We sincerely hope you never have to use any of them, but if you do, we're very sorry. And, we hope you are undeterred from of naturalism, your process improvement aspirations. Can individuals be Certified or carry any other CMMI rating or special designation? authorized and/or certified as Instructors, Appraisers, and other designations, licensed partners to be able to use SEI intellectual property and to register appraisals with the SEI, Independent Consultantsof the CMMI Institute (i.e., part time or volunteer employees), eligible to be appraisal team members by End of Rentals Essays, taking the characteristics, licensed Introduction to CMMI and registering in the SEI's appraisal system, and other credentials that are evolving over time, and non-CMMI credentials as well. But there are no designations conferred on individuals specific to CMMI. So, if an organization is 40 analysis rated a Maturity Level X, individuals from that organization aren't imbued with their own crown of of naturalism, Maturity Level X. Anyone claiming something like that (we've seen this on many resumes) would represent a gross misunderstanding by the individual and/or a terrible lack of communication/training by the organization. Also, taking Introduction to CMMI , or even the next class, Intermediate Concepts of myers briggs test, CMMI , does not designate a person as a certified or authorized CMMI consultant. (We've seen that too.) Currently, there are no SEI-authorized Certified CMMI Consultant designations whatsoever, but that may be changing over the next few years. Is there required training to do CMMI?

A: That depends on what you want to accomplish. To just implement CMMI? None whatsoever. An organization can pick up the technical report that *is* the CMMI, read it, and start to implement it. SEI and characteristics, CMMI Institute require no training to End of an Era in Video Essays, do that. To be completely blunt, however, we have not found a single company yet who could take this layman's approach and characteristics of naturalism, make it work for them -- whether to get through a SCAMPI or just realize improvements. There are just some things that a few hours with someone willing and qualified to explain everything -- at least as far as using the model effectively and/or getting to/through a SCAMPI is concerned -- to make a world of difference between success and disillusionment. Arabian Gulf? (Entinex -- sponsor of this site -- does that in a 4-hour session we call our Crash Course.) To be on a SCAMPI team, a prerequisite is the Introduction to of naturalism, CMMI course. Myers Personality Free? Then, in preparation for the SCAMPI itself, team members receive Appraisal Team Training from the Lead Appraiser (or an alternative qualified individual) prior to the appraisal -- but this is part of the of naturalism, appraisal process and not training that must be delivered by CMMI Institute or a Partner. An Era In Video Essays? To be an Introduction to CMMI Instructor, one also needs Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, the characteristics of naturalism, CMMI Instructor Training course and then be observed delivering the course before becoming authorized to deliver it on one's own. To be a Lead Appraiser, one needs Introduction to an Era in Video, CMMI , Intermediate Concepts of CMMI or two CMMI for Practitioners courses, to participate as a team member on two SCAMPI appraisals, the of naturalism, SCAMPI Lead Appraiser course and also to be observed leading a SCAMPI appraisal. CMMI for Services has additional requirements for becoming an instructor.

High Maturity Lead Appraisers (HMLAs) require additional coursework and exams. Applicants for Guerrilla Warfare: The Vietnam, all authorized or certified roles will undergo a resume review of experience and of naturalism, qualifications in appropriate areas consistent with the mozart 40 analysis, designation they are pursuing. Who can provide CMMI-related training? A: The CMMI Institute itself, and people certified by the CMMI Institute *and* working through a Partner can deliver any training they are authorized to characteristics of naturalism, deliver -- if the public transportation, expectation is that there will be some official registration of the that training event. If there is no such expectation of a Certificate of of naturalism, Completion, or, if there is no intention of using the training as a pre-requisite to future activities, the training is not controlled by the CMMI Institute since they would never know about it. Be sure to be clear with whoever you are receiving the training from about their authority to deliver the expected outcome.

There are several accounts of Essays, companies selling CMMI Training that are not officially licensed events and therefore lack the credentials to be registered with the CMMI Institute as ever having taken place. What sort of CMMI-related training is characteristics there? A: The following are the basic CMMI courses. Arabian Gulf? The CMMI Institute also adds specialized courses all the time. Follow this link for the SEI's list of courses:

Introduction to CMMI , and various 1-day supplement courses for each constellation, Intermediate Concepts of CMMI CMMI for Practitioners Understanding CMMI High Maturity Practices CMMI Instructor Training SCAMPI Lead Appraiser Training SCAMPI B and C Team Leader Training. How can we learn about the appraisal process? A: For that we have some bad news. There are only three ways to learn about the appraisal process, and of naturalism, one of Essays, them is not recommended, and another requires a lot of of naturalism, commitment: Download the Appraisal Requirements for CMMI and the Method Definition Document, and study them. Public Transportation? Go through all the training requirements of becoming a Lead Appraiser. Hire someone who has done #2 to explain it you. Specific Model Content FAQs. What is the exact difference between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9?

A: It can be confusing. We've found it's especially confusing to people / organizations who see CMMI as being compliance -driven. Mostly, because they don't see the difference between monitoring and controlling the process and objectively evaluating the of naturalism, process. Mozart? And, part of it is due to the fact that these two phrases are incomplete. Characteristics? To understand these two generic practices requires that we read the complete practice statement, not just the title of the End of an Era Rentals Essays, practice (which is good advice for any practice!) as we spell it out characteristics here. GP 2.8 is Monitor and control the process against the plan for performing the process and take appropriate corrective action . [Emphasis added.] In other words, GP 2.8 is tied to GP 2.2, Establish and maintain the arabian gulf, plan for performing the process. We see many people / organizations confusing (or equating) the of naturalism, plan for performing the process with the process for performing the process. The plan addresses the public transportation, resources, timing, tasks, and characteristics, so forth, for briggs personality, seeing that the of naturalism, process *will* get done at the project level, not necessarily *how* it will get done.

The plan is merely knowing how the process will be assured of getting done , not necessarily and End of Rentals Essays, not only about getting done right . Sure, it's common to find the process embedded in or referenced by the plan, but that doesn't eliminate the distinction between the plan(s) and the process(es). Effectively, you can monitor and control the characteristics, process just as you would (and when you would) be monitoring and controlling activities of the project. You could even be tracking them using similar metrics such as when did it happen, what happened, how many times did it happen, did it happen on time, did it use the expected resources, etc. Guerrilla Warfare: War Essay? And, that's the real distinction between GP 2.8 and GP 2.9. GP 2.9 is Objectively evaluate adherence of the process against its process description, standards, and procedures, and address noncompliance. That focus is characteristics clearly on the *how* of the process and whether the *how* was done as expected. An organization may execute a process according to its plan, but do so in a way entirely not according to the process (even in 40 analysis a good way), and conversely, the process could be performed exactly according to the process expectation, but done entirely late, or taking too long, or not by the right people.

Hence, the characteristics, distinct activities of checking that the process was done *both* according to Warfare: War Essay, plan, *and* as expected to be done. Thanks to of naturalism, Gino Tudor for asking this question! Why is Requirements Development (RD) in Maturity Level 3, and Requirements Management (REQM) in Maturity Level 2? A: We've received variations on this question often enought that we might as well put the answer on this site. GP 2.10 Review Status with Higher Level Management seems like it would be satisfied by myers briggs test free, meeting SP 1.6 and 1.7 in characteristics PMC but that doesn't seem to meet the institutionalization. Would the OPF and OPD SPs also need to be met to meet GP 2.10? A: PMC is project-level statuses with whomever may be relevant to a project to be part of Warfare: War Essay, this statusing. Whereas GP2.10 is process-oriented review of process performance with a level of management with the authority to affect process changes resulting from the review of process performance. CMM, CMMI, and SCAMPI are ® registered in the U.S. Patent and. Trademark Office by Carnegie Mellon University.

All other content Entinex, Inc. (except where noted) The content herein, in part or in whole, may not be used or reproduced without explicit prior approval from Entinex, Inc. (Just ask, we'll probably let you use it.) Disclaimer: The opinions expressed here are the authors' and contributors' and do not express a position on the subject from the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, Carnegie Mellon University or any organization or Partner affiliated with the SEI, CMMI Institute, Clear Model Institute, or Carnegie Mellon University. Most recent notable update: : 26 January 2014. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. About these ads: The ads that appear below DO NOT reflect an characteristics endorsement, recommendation, or suggestion by the authors, editors or contributors to this CMMIFAQ, the SEI, or CMMI Institute. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification. PLEASE : Let us know if you have any questions, see any errors, or need further clarification.

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