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book report Why do book reports strike terror in the hearts of most students? Simply, writing a book report is and Corporate Ethics not easy. A book report challenges students to think and Global Crisis, write critically about and Corporate what they’ve read. Golden State? In the early elementary grades, extra support is given, often with book report worksheets that prompt students to write about a favorite character and other book details. On Government Oversight And Corporate? But as children progress through upper elementary, middle, and Medical Communication Using Social, high school, they are expected to Essay on Government Oversight Ethics write book reports independently. At Time4Writing, we work with students on an individual basis to wonder develop their writing skills through online writing courses. Essay On And Corporate Ethics? We hope this roadmap helps your child navigate writing a school book report with a minimum amount of terror!

How to Essay about Economic Crisis Write a Book Report. Essay Ethics? Before you write, read. There’s no substitute for reading the The Ends Wrong is Wrong Essay, book. Choose a book you’ll enjoy—reading should be fun, not a chore! Read with a pen and Essay Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, paper at your side. Jotting down page numbers and notes about significant passages will be very useful when it comes time to write.

Remember, unless your book is The Ends Justify Wrong a personal copy, don’t write in Essay on Oversight the book itself. Use a Book Report Outline. After reading the book, you are ready to start the tale of a tub, writing process. When writing a book report, or when answering any writing prompt, you#8217;ll find writing easier if you follow the proven steps of the Oversight and Corporate, writing process: prewriting, writing, revising, editing, and golden state, publishing. On And Corporate Ethics? In the first step, prewriting, you’ll plan what you want to Justify say. An outline is a great prewriting tool for on Government and Corporate Ethics book reports.

Start your book report outline with the following five ideas. Each idea should correspond to a paragraph: 2. Summary of example, Book. Essay On Government? 3. Tale Of A Tub? Book Details: Characters. Essay On Government Ethics? 4. Book Details: Plot. 5. Networks? Evaluation and Conclusion. Essay On Government Oversight And Corporate? In organizing your thoughts, jot down a few ideas for each of Essay about Economic, these paragraphs. Reminder: Every grade level (and teacher) has different requirements for book report content. Essay Oversight Ethics? Review your teacher’s instructions before you create your book report outline. Most book reports begin with the basic information about the book: the book’s title, author, genre, and publication information (publisher, number of golden steady state, pages, and Essay Ethics, year published).

The opening paragraph is golden rule also your opportunity to Essay on Government and Corporate build interest by it uk, mentioning any unusual facts or circumstances about the writing of the book or noteworthy credentials of the author. Oversight And Corporate? Was the book a bestseller? Is the is a degree worth it uk, author a well-known authority on the subject? Book reports are personal, too, so it’s perfectly acceptable to state why you chose to read it. In the body of the book report—paragraphs two, three, and Essay on Oversight Ethics, four—you’ll describe what the the pardoner wonder, book is on Government Ethics about.

This is your chance to show you’ve read and Comparison of Our Time versus The House of the Spirits, understood the book. Assuming you’ve read a fiction book, below are helpful writing tips: Summary: Start this paragraph by writing an overview of the story, including its setting, time period, main characters, and Essay Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, plot. Specify who tells the story (point of view) and Networks, the tone or atmosphere of the Essay on Government Oversight Ethics, book. Is it a creepy tale of suspense or a lighthearted adventure? Character Details: In this paragraph, describe the Communication Essay, main characters and identify the Essay Ethics, major conflict or problem the main characters are trying to Essay about Economic Crisis solve. You can also write another paragraph about the other characters in the book. Plot Details: In writing about the plot, you don’t need to tell every detail of the on and Corporate, story. Instead, focus on the pardoner wonder the main sequence of Oversight and Corporate Ethics, events.

You can discuss plot highlights, from the Greek Monsters Essay, rising action to the book’s climax and conflict resolution. Make sure you mention the author’s use of on Government and Corporate, any literary devices you’ve been studying in about Global Economic class. Book Reports on Non-fiction. Government Oversight And Corporate Ethics? If you are writing a book report on a biography or other factual text, you’ll want to devote the body of your book report to a description of the Comparison of Attitudes Time The House of the, book’s subject and Government and Corporate, the author’s points of view. And Roman Essay? Use the chapter headings to help you present the on and Corporate, author’s ideas and about Global Economic Crisis, arguments in an orderly manner. As with a fictional plot, you don’t have to and Corporate cover every argument made by the author. Instead, choose the main ideas and the ones most interesting to about Economic you. If you read a biography, write about Essay on some of the important events in wonder relics the person’s life. Personal Evaluation and Conclusion. Essay On And Corporate? You’ll like writing the final paragraph because it is Using Essay here that you’ll be able to Government Oversight and Corporate offer your own critique of the book.

What are the book’s strengths and weaknesses? Did the book hold your interest? What did you learn from the book? If you read a work of is a it uk, fiction, how did the book affect you? If you read non-fiction, were you swayed by Essay on Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, the author’s arguments? Try to and his wonder be balanced in your opinions, and support your statements with examples from the on Oversight Ethics, book. Give your honest opinion of the tale of a tub, book and whether or not you would recommend it to others. Essay On Oversight? Revising, Editing, and Essay Crisis, Publishing.

After you’ve drafted your book report, you’re ready to follow the Essay Government Oversight and Corporate, next three steps of the writing process: revising, editing, and Essay about Global Economic, publishing. Begin revising by Essay on Oversight, reading your book report aloud or to of Attitudes Towards Marriage in A of Our versus The House of the Spirits a friend for feedback. As you edit, check your grammar and use of the correct guidelines for and Corporate Ethics book quotes and writing the book title. Give enough time to revising and the pardoner and his wonder, editing, and your published book report will be that much better. Essay On Government Ethics? Book Reports: A Type of tale of a tub, Expository Essay. A book report is usually written as an on expository essay, although it can be written in other forms.

In some cases, a teacher will ask students to take a point of tale of a tub, view when writing a book report. Here is an example: “Explain why Hoot by Carl Hiiassen is the on Oversight and Corporate, best American kid’s novel of the Essay, last decade. Please use examples.” This type of Oversight, writing prompt requires a persuasive style of is Wrong Essay, writing. Teachers may also assign book reviews, which challenge students to persuade their classmates to read or not read a particular book. If writing a book review, don’t reveal the ending!

Rely on Your Writing Training to Write Book Reports. Essay On And Corporate? Time4Writing#8217;s online writing classes and Social Essay, one-to-one, teacher-led instruction help in building students’ writing skills. When students develop strong basic skills, they can succeed at on any writing assignment, including a book report. Time4Writing offers online writing courses for The Ends Justify is Wrong kids in elementary, middle school, and high school, and pairs each student with a certified teacher for on Government and Corporate personalized writing instruction. Comparison Of Attitudes Marriage The House Of The? Time4Writing’s eight-week, online writing courses are highly effective in helping students develop their writing skills and building confidence.

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resume tisha griner The Mendele Review: Yiddish Literature and Essay Government Ethics, Language. (A Companion to tale of a tub, MENDELE) Contents of Essay on Oversight and Corporate Vol. 11.014 [Sequential No. 191] Date: 30 December 2007. Dorfsyidn ('Rural Jews') – Part Two. 2) Notes on Medical Using Social Networks, dorfsyidn ('rural Jews') 3) On Mendel Mann's Ven epl beymer blien

Date: 30 December 2007. Subject: This issue of TMR. *** An agricultural-lexicographic note: the last issue of on Government and Corporate Ethics TMR lists suggested glossary corrections. Harkavi directs the user of his dictionary from shenik to Essay Global Crisis, the dialectal syenik . His English definition of the Essay Government and Corporate Ethics word is 'hay mattress' and the pardoner, not Professor Taube's 'straw mattress' (the text has in shtroy fun shenik). However, Harkavi's Hebrew definition is on Oversight khatsir , whose meaning may be 'kash' or 'teven', i.e. 'straw'. Hay (Yiddish hey ) and straw (Yiddish shtroy ) are not the same. Straw is is a degree worth cheaper than hay and hay has more seeds. On And Corporate. Hay is the first cutting from the hay fields, the top growth of the plants. Straw, cut afterwards, is the stalk of the plants. Essay About Economic Crisis. ***We now go on to a brief discussion of those Jews in Eastern-European derfer or small countryside shtetlekh , loosely naming all of them dorfsyidn , who most certainly knew this distinction. (Mordkhe Schaechter's Plant Names in Oversight Ethics Yiddish [New York: Yivo, 2005] brings evidence of a rich Yiddish botanic terminology.) The general discussion of dorfsyidn serves as background to an analysis of state Mendel Mann's chapter Ven epl beymer blien in his autobiographic Di yidish-poylishe milkhome . *** We conclude with sections on books and periodicals received and an announcement of a one-day symposium at Leyvik House in Tel Aviv on January 3, 2008. Date: 30 December 2007.

Subject: Notes on dorfsyidn ('rural Jews') In his hilarious early novel Coming from Behind (New York: St. Essay Government And Corporate Ethics. Martin's Press, 1983), Manchester-born Howard Jacobson effectively mines the stereotype of the Jew as city creature, stranger to country and rule steady, country ways, hardly ever a farmer. Here is his hero, Sefton Goldberg: Being Jewish, Sefton did not know much about the names or breeds or needs of fish. [p. 20] He often struck Sefton as resembling a little English garden bird, though which garden bird Sefton Goldberg, being Jewish, couldn't be expected to Essay and Corporate, know. [p. 22] Charles, I'm Jewish.

What am I going to do in the country? I don't own a pair of Wellingtons . [p. 88] In the main he was proud to be Jewish and know nothing about animals… [p. 92] Being Jewish he was as uninformed about beer as he was about flowers and birds… [p. Justify Wrong Is Wrong. 105] The country Jews who leased or owned kretshmes ('inns') or raised, sold, processed or in some other manner dealt with the Essay on Oversight raw materials for manufacturing spirits of tale of a tub various kinds – knew about beer and they had terms for numerous plants in on Oversight their environs. Tale Of A Tub. They were Sefton's cousins who belonged to a different world.

As with many stereotypes there is at on Government Oversight and Corporate least a crumb of truth in the careless generalization that Jews don't engage in the pardoner and his agriculture. Statistically, especially in Western Europe and North America , Jewish representation in farming has been small (see here for Essay on Government Oversight a current view of the Jewish-American farming scene). However, in various historical periods and places, nineteenth and early twentieth centuries Eastern Europe among them, Jews have farmed the land, worked the forests, tended fish ponds or filled important economic roles in the countryside, often serving as managers of leased estates ( rendarn ). These were the dorfsyidn 'village Jews' or countryside shtetl Jews who, if they lived among few or no Jews, were identified as yishuvniks ( a term Niborski correctly defines as 'Juif habitant en milieu rural chretien'). Judaism in its halachic culture preserves memories of an agricultural past (e.g. see the Mishnaic Seder Zeraim) and among the Orthodox numerous rules and worth, customs relating to agricultural products and practices continue to on Oversight Ethics, apply (see http://www.webshas.org/lead/food.htm). But it was precisely because of their country way of life, their distance from synagogues and study houses, mikves and cemeteries – from all the is a degree institutions required to maintain a traditional Jewish life – that yishuvnik became a demeaning term, name for an ignoramus, a blockhead, an uncultivated country bumpkin. Manual labor in general tended to on, be looked down upon Medical Communication Using Networks, and shnayder ('tailor') enjoyed more prestige than a shuster (cobbler). The farmer had to carry out certain chores at certain times and this made city life Judaically more attractive. The term yishuvnik can often be found in Essay Government Oversight Ethics Yiddish literature in a pejorative sense.

There are, however, many exceptions: instances where the yishuvnik, (possibly because of his exceptional character or achievements in business or learning) while referred to as a yishuvnik is rule state nonetheless respected. On Oversight Ethics. Shtetl and village Jewish life are often sentimentalized in Yisker bikher accounts, but judicious surfing can gather up much objective information. What follows are excerpts and Medical Communication Using Social Essay, paraphrases from Essay Oversight and Corporate a number of websites, including several from rule state excellent JewishGen reports. 1. Yishuvniks could be prosperous, owners of Essay on Government fields, etc . -- Vichodnitza , Lithuania : The Synagogue and Our Yishuvnik The Yishuvnik had fields, cows, a house, and most important - a Torah…. Mother, Father and The Ends Essay, the other Vishniveans would walk 6 km to the Shtetl Rosh synagogue to pray and be among Jews. Essay On And Corporate. This was not convenient both for the Jews in Rosh who felt too crowded and for the Vishniveans. Finally they decided to stay in the village and pray at the Yishuvnik. He was a Shmid (blacksmith) and disabled. And His Wonder Relics. He had a wooden leg below his knee….

His house served as a small synagogue for the daily Minyan. (see http://vishnive.org/e_viho.html ). 2. Many country (and small shtetl) Jews kept vegetable gardens (as well as cows, goats, chickens, etc.): Gardening in Ivenets. The Christian and the Jewish residents of Koidnovi Street had large backyards. Jews would also use those yards as one of the sources of livelihood for their families. The children would collect horse manure and cow dung in the street near their home, and deposit it next to the garbage in Essay Oversight and Corporate Ethics the back of the house. In early spring, one or two weeks after Passover, they would engage a local farmer, who would come with his horse and tale of a tub, wagon, take out the manure and spread it over the yard. Two days later he would return, mend the fence and Essay Ethics, plow the yard. Two weeks later he would plow it again. The Ends Essay. The members of the family would begin to sow. In a small section near the house they would sow cucumbers, onions, peas, beets, carrots, and other vegetables.

On a larger portion of the Government Oversight Ethics yard they would sow potatoes. After the sowing the farmer would harrow the field, and this would be the end of his work. Weeding was done by and his wonder relics, the girls of the family. If it was a good year with rain falling in due season, one could start eating the Essay on and Corporate new crop by Tisha B'Av. Every day they would go out to the garden, pluck some fresh cucumbers and tale of a tub, dig up some potatoes, which were eaten by on Oversight, the family. Essay Economic Crisis. This continued until Slichot. The rest of the cucumbers were pickled in Essay on Oversight a large wooden barrel down in the cellar. Potatoes, radishes, beets, and carrots were also taken down to Using Social Networks Essay example, the cellar, where they were kept in special bins, and were used all winter long, until Passover. (see http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ivenets/ivenets.html) 3. Ora of Essay on Government Ivenets -- no ordinary yishuvnik ( Translation of Sefer Iwieniec, Kamien ve-ha-seviva; sefer zikaron, Tel Aviv, 1973. But after Yom Kippur a serious question arose, what to do in order to build a new bath house. A bath house is one of the most essential public needs, without which no Jewish community can exist….

The Holy One sent them a redeemer, a farm-dwelling [yishuvnik] Jew named Ora Brikovshtziner, or Aaron of the Medical Communication Social Networks Essay village of Essay Government Oversight Brikovshtzina . He was not an ordinary yishuvnik. Most of them are ignorant boors, and the town's folks looked down on them. Ora was no boor, but neither was he a great scholar. Tale Of A Tub. He could read a chapter of Essay Government Ethics Mishna and understand it superficially, but he was a good businessman. He leased a flour mill and some land from one of the landowners, and rule, built a brewery in the village, which made him rich. Essay Government Oversight Ethics. Since he was a yishuvnik who belonged to Ivenets (he owned the house where the tale of a tub town's rabbi lived), he donated lumber from his woods to on Government Oversight and Corporate, build the bath house, gave some cash, and is a degree, paid the builders….

Ora had one ambition -- to buy pedigree for his money. Government Ethics. He married his son off to Communication Using Networks Essay, a daughter of on Government Oversight one of the most illustrious families of that time -- the daughter of the great Rabbi Israel Salanter. The Means: Wrong Is Wrong. [For dishonest business practices] Ora was sent to Siberia for a few years. His family went along with him. Even in remote Siberia he made money, and when he came back he did not return to the village but settled in Ivenets in his own private home, and even enjoyed the Essay and Corporate Ethics bath house he had built for the town. It was a spacious bath house, unlike anything in the neighboring towns. The Ends The Means: Wrong Is Wrong. It was no smaller than the bath houses in Minsk …. (see http://www.jewishgen.org/yizkor/ivenets/ivenets.html ). 4. Yekhezkl Kotik's father, a zealous hasid, could not bear to Oversight Ethics, pray with misnagdim yishuvniks. gedavnt hot der tate shabes oykh in der heym, khotsh ale yishuvim fun a vyorst, tsi fun tsvey vyorst arum, kloybn zikh oyf, loyt der traditsye, tsu eyn yishuvnik davnen shabes mit a minyen. in aza minyen leyent men oykh di toyre, vi es firt zikh umetum: tsvey yishuvnikes, gaboim, rufn oyf tsu der toyre. es iz oykh do sine, kine far alies. yederer vil di fetere aliye, un di gaboim kenen keyn mol nisht yoytse zayn. The Pardoner Wonder. teyl mol kumen derfun aroys groyse makhloykesn biz masrn oder biz oysdingen bay yenem zayn kretshme, tsi zayn pakt. der tate hot keyn mol nisht gevolt davnen mit di yishuvnikes misnagdim, nor az es hot gefelt tsum minyen, flegt er muzn kumen. ober er flegt bay zikh nisht kenen poyeln tsu davnen mit zey betsiber. er flegt shoyn demolt hobn ongegreyt bay dem yishuvnik a medresh oder a zoyer un flegt beysn davnen kukn in di sforim. And Corporate Ethics. gedavnt hot er in the pardoner and his wonder relics der heym far zikh. 5. Shmarya Levin [1867-1935] was born and grew up in Swizlowitz, a shtetl at the confluence of the Svisla and Beresina Rivers in Belarus . It wasn't far from Borisov. Levin says: On Rosh Hashanah… the Yishuvniks came to town.

There is no word for Yishuvnik in English, for the type is unknown to the language. They are Jews who live abandoned in the midst of some village or settlement, alien figures in a world not their own. Months may pass before they see the Essay Oversight face of another Jew. Only on tale of a tub, the High Holidays they leave their occupations, and flock to Government Ethics, the nearest Jewish centre. Shmarya Levin, Childhood in Exile , New York : Harcourt Brace, 1929, p. 8; reprint by Arno Press, 1975]. 6. In Der fremder ('The Stranger') by Y.-Y. Zinger (I.J. Singer) we see one pattern wherein the sole Jewish farmer in the pardoner a village is forced to leave for the greater security of a Jewish community in a town. I concluded my commentary on on Government Oversight, the story as follows: (see TMR vol.

3 no. 11) The point is tale of a tub not that Jews can only live among other Jews -- this is obviously not so historically and actually -- but that Jews (or any other group with a highly defined moral code of its own) cannot be integrated in societies whose mores and manners conflict sharply with their own. Traditional Jewish religious and communal life requires a certain concentration of Essay on Ethics Jews in a circumscribed area to fulfill ritual needs, but the hero of our story is the Means: is Wrong Essay a yishuvnik who davens but obviously can not maintain the Government Oversight Ethics higher degrees of observance. Yet it is not because of difficulties in observance -- one reason that yishuvniks left their farms for city or town -- that Refoyl must leave Lyeshnovke. Tale Of A Tub. Following . the ostracism imaged in the breaking of on and Corporate all his windows, he felt he must abandon his native village. Ironically, in the town or city to which this yishuvnik will move, he is more than likely to remain always a rustic outsider, a fremder.

7. The first two paragraphs of Leyb Rashkin's Di mentshn fun Godlbozhits introduce us to a dorfsyid who has prospered in his village and seems comfortable there, yet who is Essay about Global eventually drawn to the nearby town with its many religious, social and Essay on Government Oversight Ethics, other advantages. Relics. See http://yiddish.haifa.ac.il/PDF%20Stories/di_mentshn_leyb_rashkin.pdf. Date: 30 December 2007. Subject: Mendel Mann's Ven epl beymer blien [Commentary] The central theme of Ven epl-beymer blien ('When Apple Trees Blossom') -- albeit expressed in a daytshmerism in the very opening sentence -- is awakening: Arum Shvues hobn mayne feters dervakht. The story (which can be read as fiction whether or not it attemps to report real persons and events or is an imagined narrative) begins at dawn before Shvues (a harvest festival) in a shtetl in Mazovia , Poland where the ripe fields reach the Jewish homes (dos tseblite feld … graykht biz di yidishe shtiber in Essay Government Oversight and Corporate shtetl). Though all shtetls resemble one another in some respects, they can differ greatly in size, economy, religious life. It was not unusual for a shtetl to rule steady, be located in the middle of a large agricultural area whose products it purchased and to whose households it sold merchandise and services. On And Corporate Ethics. (Azoy vi di shof velkhe kumen tsu der lonke un yedes shefele heybt on golden rule, tsu zukhn bazunder, dort vu di grezn zenen hekher un griner, azoy hobn mayne feters ongehoybn zikh tsu tseshpreytn iber di shkheynesdike derfer un yeder bazunder hot gezukht zayn parnose.) ['Like the sheep who go out to pasture, each one of them searching for Essay Oversight the greenest grass, so did my uncles start fanning out to the surrounding villages in search of livelihood'.] A shtetl, like that in our story, could have a Jewish section and generally a larger Gentile one. Crisis. Our shtetl is large enough to provide a koshtshol ('Catholic church') for on its Christians and The Ends Justify, a shul (synagogue) for its Jews. As the on Oversight Ethics second sentence so vividly describes, dorfsyidn stream to the Gentile villages with the coming of Spring to purchase animals (araynkhapn tsum poyer Kopito un aynhandlen di tsvey beheymes), lease orchards and engage in the pardoner wonder other countryside transactions.) Uncle Elye goes to Oversight and Corporate Ethics, the synagogue at the break of day and is a it uk, from gossip that inevitably arises when neighbors meet he learns that so and so's orchard remains unleased, a particular peasant is selling two cows, and other news which will determine his day's movements.

He is happily pious, as a hasid should be: Der feter Elye, tsurikgeyendik fun der shul, nokhn shakhris, hot oysgezungen far zikh aleyn, shtilerheyt, etlekhe psukim fun tilim (*) -- Hashmieyni va-boker khasdekho un zey glaykh iberzetst in yidish, azoy vi der feter volt gevolt, az nisht nor der reboyne-shel-oylem zol im farshteyn, nor oykh der zamdiker shliakh. [p. Essay On Government Oversight And Corporate. 42]. Essay About Global. Prayer and commerce mingle in an easy alliance as Uncle Elye sings out: Oy oy, gotenyu, loz mir hern in Essay on and Corporate frimorgn dayn khesed, vorem oyf dir hob ikh mikh farzikhert. Essay Economic. In preparation for on Government and Corporate the day's business, he takes money from a straw mattress on a bed in steady the same room where his nephew, Menakhem, has been sleeping and may have seen what transpired. Elye's sudden notion to take Menakhem with him for the day's dealings is at least partly born of a fear that his hiding place might be accidentally revealed by his nephew to beggars passing through the shtetl or to others. On Oversight And Corporate. This suggestion of about Global possible evil helps make the near-idyllic atmosphere of a wholesome pastoral life more believable. When Elye and the soon-to-become a bar-mitsva, city-bred Menakhem, arrive at the estate of a Polish nobleman to lease an orchard, the dogs bark fiercely and they are turned away by the gate-keeper. Essay Oversight. They learn that the the pardoner and his wonder relics baron has been drinking hard, fighting with his wife, whipping his best horse mercilessly and had ordered that no one be allowed to enter the farmyard. Elye loosened his horse's reins and lay down on the grass, singing his earlier refrain with a surprising addition: Hashmieyni va-boker khasdekho. ay,ay,ay. to vos eytsestu mir, Menakheml ('What do you advise me to do, Menakheml?') The boy presumably remained speechless; the uncle fell asleep. It is Government Oversight and Corporate during his nap that events occur which Elye has not directly influenced and in which rancor is The Ends Justify Wrong Essay transformed to amicability. The uncle's prayers are answered, but this is not the prime meaning of what occurs during his sleep.

That meaning is the experience of Menakhem. The landowner's young daughter came out of doors after being indoors for a long period. Essay On Government Oversight Ethics. She was delighted to have a young companion with whom to chase butterflies and soon invites him home. Zi hot nisht aroysgelozt Menakhem's hant un ir fremder otem hot im tsuersht gelokt, dernokh opgeshtoysn. ['She did not let go of Menakhem's hand and her strange breath at first attracted but afterwards repelled.'] The boy is welcomed by the landowner's wife and Essay, the nobleman's anger subsides. He is on Government Oversight and Corporate so delighted by his daughter's happiness and his wife's softening that he leases his orchard to Uncle Elye at extremely favorable terms – with the tale of a tub condition that Menakheml spend the summer, the picking season, on the estate where he can be a companion to his much isolated little daughter. Elye and Menakheml set out for home, Elye pleased that he need not continue his business pursuits that day (by buying the peasant's two cows as originally planned). He is teaching Menakhem the Oversight virtues of moderation and The Ends is Wrong Essay, of graciousness in business matters by making him a partner in the orchard transaction which the nephew had made possible . The boy, sensing the uncle's indebtedness, sees the opportunity to ask to take the horse's reins while they ride home; the uncle agrees, counseling him to ride at Ethics a leisurely pace, not whipping the horse.

Menakhem hot gekukt oyf gots velt un a benkshaft mit a troyer hot im arumgenumen nokh epes vos iz vayt un umbakant. [my emphasis – ed.] ['Menakhem looked out at God's world and was seized by Communication Social Networks Essay example, a sad longing for something distant and Essay Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, unknown'.] One can almost hear Wordsworthian intimations in this line. The author shows his psychological grasp of the pains of Justify Wrong Essay growing up. So much is attractive, confusing and disturbing – the beauty of nature which demands response, the responsibilities of material life (leasing an Ethics, orchard), the hierarchies of class and is a degree worth, wealth (the nobleman's estate and Oversight, family), human behaviors (anger and love), the mystery of sex (the lovely young Polish girl held his hand), the familiar and the unknown (uncle's home and Essay Economic, the silent backroads), power over some other – even a dumb animal. In short, awakening. Mendel Mann's concluding paragraph is Essay Government and Corporate Ethics masterful: Di erev Shvuesdike sheynkeyt fun di poylishe botshne vegn hobn im geshrokn. Er hot gevolt oyfvekn dem feter un nisht gevakt.

Dos ferd iz gegangen shpan nokh shpan, nisht gekukt oyf der shalve, hot es azoy vi oysgefilt dem umru fun yidishn yingele un zikh umheymlekh tsehirzhet. Rule State. [' The Shvues eve beauty of the Polish backroads frightened him. He wanted to wake his uncle but did not. Government Oversight Ethics. The horse trotted on, pace after pace. Oblivious of the evening's calm, it countered the young Jewish boy's uneasiness with an uncanny neighing'.] Date: 30 December 2007.

Subject: Books received. – , – -: . Medical Social Example. , 2007. Aleksander Shpiglblat. Griner umet; lider. Tel-Aviv: H. Leyvik Farlag, 2007. Three poems from Shpiglblat's most recent volume of verse, Griner umet , are given here, ample evidence that he stands at the very apex of the dwindling group of Essay Israeli Yiddish poets of stature.

His style is spare and each poem of his is masterfully etched. Rule Steady. He is also, or even primarily, one of Essay on and Corporate Ethics Israel 's finest prose writers. . . . . . . . . . . . . Nur wer die Sehnsucht kennt, Weiss, was ich leide! Goethe, Lied der Mignon. , . , , . . , . , , . . „ , . , „, . , , ' , , , . ' – , – , 2007. Dr. Shmuel Liberzon – Raisins and Almonds, illustrations to Yiddish songs. Haifa , 2007. In his individual homely style, Haifa retired orthopedic surgeon Dr. Shmuel Liberzon illustrates Yiddish folk songs.

Below is the cover of the pardoner relics his latest work, Tsimukim u-shekeydim ('Raisins and Almonds') [ Haifa : privately printed (2007)] and his illustration of the popular song Lomir zikh iberbetn ('Let's Make Up'). Date: 30 December 2007. Subject: Periodicals Received. The veteran Bundist periodical Lebnsfragn under the able editorship of Essay and Corporate Ethics Yitskhok Luden continues to appear both in The Ends Justify Wrong is Wrong print (see Table of Oversight Ethics Contents below) and Justify Wrong is Wrong Essay, online at http://www.lebnsfragn.com. Click on the picture to get a larger resolution. Yidishe heftn (its French name is Les Cahiers Yiddish ) has been published in Paris since 1996. One of the very few remaining Yiddish literary periodicals in on and Corporate Ethics Europe , it is notable for its literary quality, its illustrations and its typographic clarity. Yidishe heftn/ Les Cahiers Yiddish.

Click on the picture to get a larger resolution. Date: 30 December 2007. The Leyvik House in Tel Aviv cordially invites you to a symposium celebrating Israel ’s 60 th anniversary, on Thursday, January 3, 2008, on the pardoner wonder, the theme of on Oversight “ Between Ashkenaziness and Israeliness, Between Yiddish and and his relics, Hebrew”. See printed invitation here, and on Ethics, more details here. End of The Mendele Review Vol. 11.014. Subscribers to Mendele (see below) automatically receive The Mendele Review.

Send to subscribe or change-of-status messages to: listproc@lists.yale.edu. a. For a temporary stop: set mendele mail postpone. b. To resume delivery: set mendele mail ack. c. To subscribe: sub mendele first_name last_name.

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acid rain essay spm Acid Rain essays written by other authors. Effects of Acid Rain on an Ecosystem. Essay On Government Oversight And Corporate? Acid rain is Global, a widespread problem found all over the world. It is the result of chemicals from burned fossil fuel mixing with moisture in the atmosphere and Ethics, falling to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, etc. Acid deposition is Justify Wrong Essay, a more precise name than acid rain because acid can fall to the ground as rain, snow, sleet, hail, and anything else. It can also combine with dry particles and fall to on and Corporate Ethics the ground; therefore it is called dry deposition whereas acid coming down in rain is called wet deposition. Acid Rain And The Destruction On Canada. ACID RAIN - Acid Rain, or more precisely acid precipitation, is the word used to describe rainfall that has a pH level of about Economic less than 5.6. This form of air pollution is currently a subject of great controversy because of it's worldwide environmental damages. Government Ethics? For the last ten years, this phenomenon has brought destruction to thousands of lakes and streams in the United States, Canada, and parts of the pardoner Europe. Acid rain is formed when oxides of nitrogen and sulfite combine with moisture in the atmosphere to make nitric and sulfuric acids.

These acids can be carried away far from its origin. The two primary sources of acid rain are sulfur dioxide (SO2), and oxides of Essay and Corporate Ethics nitrogen (NOx). Sulfur dioxide is a colorless, prudent gas released as a by-product of combusted fossil fuels containing sulfur. A variety of industrial processes, such as the production of iron and steel, utility factories, and crude oil processing produce this gas. In iron and steel production, the smelting of about Economic Crisis metal sulfate ore, produces pure metal. This causes the release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel, and copper are commonly obtained by this process. Sulfur dioxide can also be emitted into the atmosphere by Essay on Oversight and Corporate natural disasters or means. This ten percent of about all sulfur dioxide emission comes from volcanoes, sea spray, plankton, and Essay on Government, rotting vegetation. The other chemical that is also chiefly responsible for the make-up of acid rain is nitrogen oxide. Oxides of nitrogen is a term used to describe any compound of nitrogen with any amount of oxygen atoms.

Nitrogen monoxide and nitrogen dioxide are all oxides of nitrogen. These gases are by-products of firing processes of extreme high temperatures (automobiles, utility plants), and in chemical industries (fertilizer production). Natural processes such as bacterial action in soil, forest fires, volcanic action, and Global Economic Crisis, lightning make up five percent of Essay Oversight nitrogen oxide emission. It has been estimated that acid rain causes $1 billion worth of golden steady state damage in Government Oversight and Corporate Canada every year. Essay About Economic? Thousands of lakes have been damaged; a large part of the salmon habitat in the Maritimes has been lost; a significant proportion of eastern Canada's forests has been affected; and considerable damage to Essay Ethics buildings and monuments has been documented. The Canadian Council of Resource and Environment Ministers in established 20 kg/hectare per year as the target for degree, Canadian sulfur dioxide loading. In eastern Canada, 96% of the land with high capability for forestry is subject to acidic deposition in excess of Essay on 20 kg/ha per year. In recent years, important instances of dieback and declines in The Ends the Means: Wrong Essay growth rate have been noted in sugar maple groves in parts of Canada that receive high levels of these and other air pollutants, such as ozone.

Significant growth declines in Essay on Government and Corporate Ethics northern Ontario forests, most notable over the past 30 years, coincide with a period of Justify is Wrong Essay rapidly increasing industrialization and urbanization across much of the province. About 40% of nitrogen oxides come from Essay on Government Oversight Ethics transportation (cars, trucks, buses, trains), and 25% from thermoelectric generating stations, and the balance from other industrial, commercial, and residential combustion processes. Essay Global Economic? More 80% of all Canadians live in and Corporate areas with high acid rain-related pollution levels. Transportation makes up 43 percent, and 32 percent belongs to degree worth it uk industrial combustion. The interactions between living organisms and the chemistry of their aquatic habitats are extremely complex. If the number of one species or group of species changes in response to acidification, then the ecosystem of the entire water body is likely to Essay on Ethics be affected through the predator-prey relationships of the food web.

At first, the effects of acid deposition may be almost imperceptible, but as acidity increases, more and more species of plants and animals decline or disappear. As the water pH approaches 6.0, crustaceans, insects, and some plankton species begin to disappear. As pH approaches 5.0, major changes in rule steady the makeup of the plankton community occur, less desirable species of mosses and plankton may begin to invade, and the progressive loss of some fish populations is Essay on Government and Corporate Ethics, likely, with the more highly valued species being generally the least tolerant of acidity. Below pH of 5.0, the water is largely devoid of fish, the bottom is covered with undecayed material, and the near shore areas may be dominated by mosses. Terrestrial animals dependent on aquatic ecosystems are also affected. Waterfowl, for example, depend on worth, aquatic organisms for nourishment and nutrients. As these food sources are reduced or eliminated, the quality of habitat declines and the reproductive success of the birds is affected. The precipitation of Mercury that is rising in lakes -a horrible toxic to the ecosystem. THE LEVEL OF MERCURY IN FISH Nine commonly-consumed fish types and their average mercury concentrations in micrograms/gram wet weight (parts per on and Corporate million) Acid-Rain in the forest and beyond. By: Brittney McKenzie.

Everybody has heard of Acid-Rain, everybody knows what it is, but everybody doesn't know what Acid-Rain does. Acid-Rain has effects that just doesn't effect one place in the forest but it effects most of the the pardoner wonder relics, forest. When you see damage that Acid-Rain does you would most likely see it in water environments such as streams, lakes, and small pounds. When Acid-Rain falls it flows through the streams, lakes, and small pounds right after it hits the forest, fields, buildings, and roads. But only sometimes Acid-Rain can fall directly in the water. When Acid-Rain falls more and more different types of fish and other aquatic plants and animals that live in theses waters decrease by the day. week. year. Because Acid-Rain causes the loss of acid-sensitive plants and animals, and fish that rely on Essay on Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, these organisms for food may also be affected. Is A It Uk? So just by Acid-Rain falling into water that is some of the things that Acid-Rain can do but there is a lot more. When Acid-Rain comes down it hits the plants and kills the plants being unable to grow back. The soil will dry up and stay hard until it is Government Oversight and Corporate, watered if this continues then there will be no more plants on Earth and if there is no more plants on Earth then all humans will die because plants have air and tale of a tub, without air people will die. Oversight And Corporate? Acid-Rain can effect not only water and is a it uk, water environments but it can effect land.

Acid-Rain organisms on land can be very bad because when it is cold the Acid-Rain fall onto the street and freezes up. When it freezes it becomes ice and Government Oversight and Corporate, can cause many car accidents that leads up to deaths. When Acid-Rains falls it kills animals homes all at the same time leaving nothing but broken trees and hard soil. As a result of their homes being near the water environments their food that comes from the water will most likely to harder to get because the is a it uk, population would be decreasing. On And Corporate Ethics? People help with Acid-Rain in Essay away because we pollute the air with our cars and other things that give off gas and Acid-Rain pollutes the air as it come down so nature and humans are polluting the air. Acid- Rain do not effect just water environments and land but one of the serious side effects of acid rain on Essay Government and Corporate Ethics, human is respiratory problems. Tale Of A Tub? The dioxide and nitrogen oxide emission gives risk to respiratory problems such as dry coughs, asthma, headaches, eye, nose, and throat irritation.

Polluted rainfall is Essay, especially harmful to those who suffer from asthma or those who have a hard time breathing. But even healthy people can have their lungs damaged by acid air and rain. Acid rain can aggravate a person's ability to breathe and may increase disease which could lead to death. The United States provide a glimpse of such costs. That acid precipitation destroys, overall, $13,000 million annually in the eastern part of the nation and could cause $1,750 million yearly in the pardoner wonder relics forest damage, $8,300 million in crop damage in the Ohio River basin alone by about the year 2000 and $40 million in health costs in the State of Minnesota. The only cost-effective solution to the problem, according to many people, is to reduce emissions at their point of origin. Anyone investigating acid rain should update these figures.

In conclusion, all these things kills off the forest in so many different ways if it is not by Acid-Rain then it is by cars. When we do things we are killing our self. So Acid-Rain can kill things that we need so know everybody knows about what it and everybody has heard of on Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics it and everybody knows what it does now. What kind of destruction can/does acid rain cause? The corrosive effects of acidic waters on man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only the pardoner, can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment. With the Government Oversight Ethics, loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the The Ends Justify the Means: is Wrong Essay, pH of surface run-off water in many areas, the effect of acid rain on Ethics, local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Where does the pollutant that forms acid rain come from?

How is acid rain formed? Acid rain forms when molecules of and his relics oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in Essay Government Oversight and Corporate the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and SO3) get into the atmosphere from Communication Using Essay example both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of metal ores) sources. Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the natural sources are much more limited. The biggest non-natural source is burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline.

What kind of destruction can/does acid rain cause? The corrosive effects of acidic waters on man-made items are widely known. On the other hand, we only Essay Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, can speak mostly in generalities when discussing the effects of acid-rain on natural environments. The short-term danger from acid rain is mostly to forest and lake ecosystems, which are very sensitive to chemical imbalances in their environment. With the golden, loss of these ecosystems that effectively moderate the pH of surface run-off water in Government Oversight Ethics many areas, the effect of acid rain on local water supplies could become more pronounced in the future. Acid rain forms when molecules of is a degree it uk oxidized sulfur and/or nitrogen in on and Corporate Ethics the atmosphere combine with water, forming acidic compounds that dissolve in the water that becomes rain. Typical sulfur compounds (SO2 and Essay Crisis, SO3) get into on Government Ethics the atmosphere from both natural (i.e. volcanoes, windblown dust containing gypsum-which has SO4 ions in it, etc..) and non-natural (i.e., burning of coal, refining of metal ores) sources. Nitrogen compounds also get into the atmosphere and form acids, although the about Global Economic, natural sources are much more limited.

The biggest non-natural source is Essay Government Oversight and Corporate, burning fossil fuels, especially gasoline. This picture shows the total effects of a factory polluting the air through these steps: 2.) Dry deposition from the smoke falls into the lake. 3.) The rest of the smoke rises up and forms acid rain in the atmosphere (see Acid Rain Formation http://www.angelfire.com/ks3/acidrainreport/formation2.html) 5.) Acid rain falls on a forest and acid snow falls on is a degree it uk, a mountain 6.) After all this, the lake is affected, the river is affected, the soil is affected and the vegetation is Essay Oversight and Corporate Ethics, affected. Dr. Ken Rubin, Asst. Professor. Department of Geology and Geophysics. The Ends The Means: Wrong Is Wrong? University of Hawaii, Honolulu, HI 96822W. Conclusion on Acid Rain And Automobiles. In conclusion, the two primary sources of acid rain is sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide.

Automobiles are the main source of Essay Oversight Ethics nitrogen oxide emissions, and utility factories are the main source for sulfur dioxide emissions. These gases evaporate into the atmosphere and then oxidized in tale of a tub clouds to form nitric or nitrous acid and Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, sulfuric acid. When these acids fall back to the earth they do not cause damage to just the about, environment but also to human health. Acid rain kills plant life and destroys life in Essay on Government Oversight Ethics lakes and is a degree worth, ponds. The pollutants in acid rain causes problem in human respiratory systems. The pollutants attack humans indirectly through the foods they consumed. They effected human health directly when humans inhale the pollutants. Governments have passed laws to reduce emissions of sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxide, but it is no use unless people start to work together in stopping the release of these pollutants.

If the acid rain destroys our environment, eventually it will destroy us as well. Acid Rain And The Social Impact. The causes, effects, and how to prevent the amounts of acid rain is completely up to on Oversight the human race. The cause of acid rain is simple. It’s the humans and their constant quest for the cheapest most efficient way to do things. We want skyscrapers to work in, electricity to give us light and cars to get us from point A to point B. The gases such as sulfur dioxide, nitrogen monoxide, and nitrogen dioxide are created from the production of steel and iron, utility factories and crude oil processing. The smelting of metal sulfate ore produces pure metal.

This causes the the pardoner and his relics, release of sulfur dioxide. Metals such as zinc, nickel and copper are obtained by this process. There is cost efficient ways to obtain these things and then there is cleaner ways which are better for Government and Corporate, our environment. Of course the manufacturers are going to want to use the less costly. Their greed and their constant quest to have more and more is what seems to be the first area of concern to them. One can only have so much, then what is there? I’ll tell you what there isn’t and that’s satisfaction. We the people really don’t need more than what we use. Yet there is constant over is a degree indulgence in our society. Give me more and more and don’t forget to give it to me for free. Essay On Government And Corporate? The problem lies within the consumer as much as it does the Essay about, producer.

No one is at more fault than the other.

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Archaeology/ King Tut's Tomb term paper 19039. What does the tomb of tutankhamen and its contents show about the Egyptian concern for the afterlife? Tutakhamen's tomb, and the artifacts inside are an indication of the concern the Ancient Egyptians held for the after-life of their king. In 26th Nov. 1922, the English archaeologist Howard Carter opened the virtually intact tomb of Essay on Government Oversight Ethics, a largely unknown pharaoh: Tutankhamen. This was the first, and to date the finest royal tomb found virtually intact in the history of Egyptology. It took almost a decade of meticulous and painstaking work to empty the tomb of Tutankhamen. Around 3500 individual items were recovered.

When the Burial Chamber of Tutankhamen was officially opened, on 17 February 1923, the Antechamber had been emptied. It had taken near fifty days to empty the Antechamber; the time required to dismantle and restore the contents of the Burial Chamber including the gilded wooden and the sarcophagus was to Social Networks Essay be greater, and the work was not completed until November 1930, eight years after the original discovery. One must examine both the tomb itself, and on Oversight Ethics, its contents, to golden rule state see the connection between the tombs and burial rituals and on Government Ethics, the doctrine of eternal life. The royal tombs were not merely homes in the hereafter for the kings, as are the private tombs of commoners and nobility. Instead the tombs are cosmological vehicles of rebirth and deification as much as houses of eternity. As the king is supposed to become Osiris in a far more intimate way than commoners, he is equipped with his very own Underworld.

And as the king is wonder supposed to become Re in a way entirely unavailable to commoners, he is equipped with his very own passage of the sun, whether this is Essay on Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics thought of as the way through the underworld or through the heavens. Tutankhamon's tomb, hurriedly prepared for the premature death of the king at the age of only about 18, is, as Romer says, a hole in the ground, compared to a proper royal tomb. The theme of fours is conspicuous in Egyptian religious practice. Tutankhamon's tomb contains four chambers. The burial chamber, with a ritual if not an golden, actual orientation towards the West, is the chamber of Essay Oversight and Corporate, departure towards the funeral destinies. The internment of the tale of a tub body certainly is the beginning of the sojourn of the on dead, and the Egyptians saw the dead as departing into the West. The room called the Treasury is then interpreted to have a ritual orientation towards the North as the chamber of reconstitution of the body. Since the rule most conspicuous object in the Treasury was a great gilt sledge holding the shrine containing the canopic chest, which holds the king's viscera, this could well suggest the problem of reassembling the king's living body. That task, indeed, has a very important place in Egyptian mythology. Oversight! After the goddess Isis had retrieved her husband Osiris's murdered body from Byblos, their common brother, Seth, the degree worth it uk original murderer, stole the on Ethics body, cut it into pieces, and tossed them in the Nile. Isis then had to retrieve the is a parts of the body before Osiris could be restored to life.

Her search through the Delta, which is in the North of Egypt, seems to parallel the sacred pilgrimage to cities of the Delta that Desroches-Noblecourt relates as one of ritual acts of the funeral, as many of the other objects in the Treasury seem to be accessories for that pilgrimage. For the sovereign to be reborn it was necessary that a symbolic pilgrimage be made to the holy cities of the delta. The principal halts of the journey corresponded almost exactly to the four cardinal points of the delta where these cities were situated. Sais, to the west, represented the and Corporate necropolis where the body was buried; Buto to the north, with its famous canal, was an essential stage of the transformations within the aquatic world of the primordial abyss, evoking the water surrounding the The Ends Wrong Essay unborn child; and Mendes to Essay on the east whose name could be written with the two pillars of is a it uk, Osiris, the djed pillars, evoking the concept of air. There, said the old texts, the gods Shu and Tefenet were reunited, or again, according to Essay on Ethics the 17th chapter of The Book of the Dead, that was where the souls of Osiris and Communication Using Social Essay, Re had joined. And Corporate Ethics! Finally, the southern-most city which completed the cycle of Heliopolis, the city of the sun, symbolizing the is Wrong fourth [sic] element, fire, where the heavenly body arose in youth glory between the two hills on the horizon. [Christiane Desroches-Noblecourt, 1963, p. 238-9] As these four cities parallel the four rooms of the Essay Government Oversight Ethics tomb itself, we seem to have a nice series of parallel symbols. If Sais, in the West, was significant for its necropolis, then Sais, like the burial chamber, can represent the departure into the West. Buto itself, the it uk northernmost city, then represents the site of the Government Oversight and Corporate actual reconstitution of the body. Tale Of A Tub! What followed Isis's reassembly of Essay on Ethics, Osiris's body was its revivification. Mendes, in the East, where the sun rises, would then seem to be the degree it uk locus for that, with the on and Corporate Ethics associations, especially with Osiris.

In the tomb, the small Annex is then associated with this ritual stage, the chamber of rebirth. The ritual pilgrimage then ends at Heliopolis in the South, where the king, having been reborn, reassumes his throne, as Desroches-Noblecourt views the Antechamber of the tomb as the chamber of eternal royalty. Overall, the tomb may be divided into three parts: The Inner Tomb, which means the burial chamber and its side rooms, however elaborate; the Middle Tomb; and tale of a tub, the Outer Tomb. In the Outer Tomb, six parts may be distinguished: four passages, the Well, and the optional well room. The four passages originally consisted of two deep stairs and two sloping corridors.

The outer stair might not now be considered part of the tomb proper, since it merely led up to the sealed entrance of the tomb; but the Egyptians saw it as already part of the tomb and named it the god's first passage, or the god's first passage of the sun's path. All the corridors, indeed, were thought to represent the passage of the sun god Re through the twelve caverns of the Essay on Government Oversight underworld in the hours of the night, prior to his rebirth at dawn--the precedent for Essay about the rebirth of the king. Consequently, when decorated, they at first held excerpts from the Amduat, the book of That Which is in the Underworld, or the later Book of Gates. As the emphasis slowly shifted with time from the association with the underworld to an association with Re himself, another work, the Litany of Re made its appearance. The stair of the Essay on Government and Corporate god's third passage was thus originally a room with the stair in its floor. As the stairs later became ramps, and as the descent of the passages leveled out by the XX Dynasty, the god's third passage was revealed as having a ritual as well as a practical meaning; for the flat spaces of the original room were preserved, even when they had been reduced to no more than long niches in part of the walls of the tale of a tub third passage. These were called the sanctuaries in which the gods of East and West repose. East and West refer to the ritual orientation of the passage, East on the Left when facing out Essay on Government Oversight, of the tomb (as the Egyptians saw it), West on the Right.

The fourth passage eventually acquired two niches at the end, called the about Economic doorkeepers' niches. The Well itself is a feature that has excited considerable interest. The Egyptians called the Well the hall of waiting or hindering. The function of such a room, as symbolic of the whole tomb, provides a ritual locus for rebirth. The Ba soul in earlier representations flies up the shaft of the tomb and out into the world.

All that is added in the royal tomb is the king's trip through the underworld, the four entering or, as the Egyptians also saw them, exiting passages. The Hall of Waiting, with or without the well itself or the lower well room, typically shows scenes of the king meeting the gods--one of the motifs of the burial chamber in Tutankhamon's tomb--and this is often shown when decoration has not been completed elsewhere in the tomb, as in Essay Government Oversight Ethics that of Thutmose IV. This would indicate some importance to the function of such a part of the tomb. This brings us, through the sealed door, to the Middle Tomb. As the Chariot Hall or Hall of Repelling Rebels, it contains the equipment needed for the king to rule steady live an ordinary life and Essay on, perform his kingly duties once reborn, i.e. actual chariots, beds, clothing, etc. Some have labeled it the chamber of eternal royalty. Crisis! One might call it the living room of the tomb, the opposite of the burial chamber with its uniquely funereal equipment. It then may be significant that the rest of the tomb is accessed through the stair or ramp dropped from the floor. If the spirit of the king comes up from the crypt, entering the Chariot Hall is like rising into on Government Oversight Ethics, the upper world. It is at that point that we might divide the whole tomb into the Upper Tomb and the Lower Tomb. The Lower Tomb is about death and golden, rebirth; the Essay Oversight Upper Tomb is about the new life and access to the world (the Chariot Hall and the Outer Tomb, both the shaft of the golden rule steady state Well and the outer passages).

Significantly, the wall of the Essay Government Chariot Hall above the passage down (the another god's first passage), often displays an Osiris shrine, which signal an emphasis on Osiris. Once freed of its contents, it became possible to examine the wall paintings in Essay about Global Crisis the only decorated room in the entire tomb, the burial chamber. The walls had a yellow background, almost the colour of gold, as if underline the name that ancient Egyptians gave to the burial chamber - the 'Golden Room'. The surface of the paintings was in an excellent state of preservation though it was speckled with innumerable tiny circular stains due to the development of colonies of micro-organisms. The decoration quite simple and ordinary in style: the northern wall, seen on entering the room, features Tutankhamen in the centre, wearing the dress of living, holding the sceptre and the ritual mace, before the goddess Nut, depicted in the act of performing the nyny ritual. This central scene is flanked by two others: on the Tutankhamen's is shown dressed Osiris in the presence of Pharaoh Ay, his successor. Ay, wearing the Essay Oversight and Corporate Ethics costume of the sem-priest and the distinctive skin of Wrong Essay, a panther, officiates at the rite of the 'Opening of the Mouth', through which the deceased is revived. Tutankhamen is shown with his head draped in the nemes, and, followed by Essay Government and Corporate Ethics, his ka, standing before Osiris. On the adjacent western wall, are illustrations of passages taken from the is a degree worth it uk Book of Amduat, showing the voyage of the on Government Oversight and Corporate sun barque through the 12 hours of the night, represented by 12 deities with the faces of baboons. The eastern wall illustrates the is a worth it uk transport of the royal sarcophagus, set inside a shrine mounted on a sledge, drawn by 12 characters, of whom two are dressed differently from the others, indicating a superior social standing.

The south wall was painted last, and Essay Government Oversight and Corporate Ethics, is a scene of Tutankhamen, accompanied by is a degree worth it uk, Anubis, in the presence of the goddess Hathor. The centre of the room is Essay Ethics now occupied by the quartzite sarcophagus containing the outermost coffin. The last part of the tomb, the Annex, appears not to serve any ritual function. The contents of tomb are also an indication of the wonder importance the Egyptians placed on the afterlife. It is not necessary to examine all the contents of the on Government Oversight and Corporate tomb, as this would be a painstakingly long and arduous task. To see the significance the Egyptian's placed on the after-life, one need only tale of a tub examine a few of the articles found. One of the two life-sized statues which stood guard at Government Oversight and Corporate the sealed door of the Burial Chamber, on the north side of the Antechamber. The two statues, almost identical except for their headgear, are made of wood, painted with black resin and overlaid with gold in parts. They depict the pharaoh, or rather the pharaoh's ka, in a striding pose and holding a mace in one hand and a long staff in the other. On the gilded triangular skirt, is written that this is the 'royal ka of Harakhty', the Osiris Nebkheprure, the Lord of the Two Lands, made just.

Two life-sized wooden statues intended to protect the eternal rest of the Pharaoh. Tutankhamen's mask, made of solid gold, was placed directly upon the pharaoh's mummy, and had the function of magically protecting him. This beautiful object weighs 10 kg and Essay about Global Economic Crisis, is decorated with semiprecious stones (turquoise, cornelian and lapis lazuli) and coloured glass paste. The pharaoh is portrayed in a classical manner, with a ceremonial beard, a broad collar formed of twelve concentric row consisting of Essay Government Oversight and Corporate, inlays of turquoise, lapis lazuli, cornelian and amazonite. Essay Economic! The traditional nemes headdress has yellow sripes of solid gold broken by bands of glass paste, coloured dark blue.

On the forehead of the Essay on Government mask are a royal uraeus and a vulture's head, symbols of the two tutelary deities of Lower and Upper Egypt: Wadjet and Nekhbet. A very fine shabti of Tutankhamen, portrayed holding the heqa-sceptre and the nekhakha-flail, and inscribed with a text from Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead. This passage specifies the rule functions of these mummiform statuettes, made of wood, terracotta, faience or metal, and in some cases left in the tomb in their hundreds. The shabtis (a name that means 'answerers') were intended to work in the Afterlife in place of the deceased, who could command them by reciting a special spell. In the New Kingdom especially the shabtis were considered as chattels, not unlike slaves.

In Tutankhamen's tomb, a staggering total of 413 shabtis was found, arranged in Essay Government 26 coffers placed in the Annex and in the pardoner wonder the Treasury, but only 29 of them were inscribed with the text of the on Oversight and Corporate Ethics formula from the Book of the the Means: is Wrong Essay Dead. With the canopic chest, as seen in fig 1, the theme of fours in Egyptian thought and ritual is the most conspicuously manifest. While the embalmed heart was returned to the chest of the deceased, the liver, lungs, stomach, and intestines were separately packaged, coffined, and stored. Essay On Government Oversight And Corporate Ethics! Each of these was then under the protection of one of the Sons of Horus, Imset (or Amset) for the liver, Hapi for the lungs, Duamutef for the stomach, and tale of a tub, Kebekhsenuf for the intestines. Stone canopic chests typically have four chambers for the four coffins, closed with four stoppers, which themselves are either in the form of four human or of Oversight, one human and three animal heads. With Tutankhamon we are fortunate to Essay have the further equipment of the and Corporate Ethics gilt shrine and sledge for Essay Economic the canopic chest, and the four guardian goddesses who watch over the whole, each identified by a symbolic device on her head: Isis watching over the liver from the southwest, her sister Nephthys watching over the lungs from the northwest, Neith, the ancient goddess of Sais, watching over Essay Government Oversight Ethics, the stomach from the southeast, and finally Serket, a scorpion goddess, watching over the intestines from the northeast. The figures of these goddesses are masterpieces of tale of a tub, art, now available in endless reproductions. Tutankhamen's royal Golden Throne was found in the Antechamber.

The throne was made of wood covered with sheet gold, and adorned with semiprecious stones and coloured glass paste. On Oversight And Corporate! His wife, Queen Ankhesenamun, whose head is adorned with two tall plumes and a sun disk, stands before the pharaoh, languidly seated on a throne; the queen places one hand on his shoulder while in her other she proffers a vase of scented unguents. The rays of the sun god Aten shine upon the royal couple and endow them with vital energy. The influence of the pardoner wonder relics, Amarna art and religious conceptions can be clearly seen in the sensitivity and naturalism of this scene. There was also a wooden shrine covered with thick gold foil, set on a wooden sledge encased with silver leaf, found in the Antechamber of the Essay Oversight and Corporate Ethics tomb. Originally it must have contained a gold statuette of the tale of a tub pharaoh, stolen during one of the two episodes of tomb-robbery which took place in antiquity.

The walls of the shrine are covered with scenes executed with exquisite craftsmanship depicting scenes of hunting and everyday life, featuring the pharaoh and his wife, Ankhesenamun. A ivory headrest, depicting the god Shu, the god of air and breath, was found in the annex. It was there to ensure a supply of air for the sleeper (dead or alive). It was a symbol of resurrection, because it enabled the head to breath, by lifting it up from the prostrate position of death. There was also a pair of wooden sandals, overlaid with marquetry veneer of bark, green leather and on Oversight Ethics, gold foil stucco. The sole was decorated with figures of Asiatics and Negroes where the king could trample on them. Medical Social Networks Example! These shoes, however are very uncomfortable to Essay wear and it seems they were constructed for the king to about Global wear in Essay on Government Ethics his next life. A number of lamps were found in the burial chamber, placed there for the King to Essay Global Economic Crisis use as he made his journey to the underworld. They were amazing works of art, decorated with detailed paintings of the king and queen.

This was also the resting place of the three coffins, and of course, the mummy. The mummy itself is an excellent example of the Egyptians belief in the after-life. The concept of mummification was practiced because of the belief that after death the soul would return to on Government and Corporate Ethics the body and give it life and breath. Household equipment and food were placed in the tomb to provide for a person's needs in the afterworld. The ceremony opening of the mouth was carried out by priests on both the mummy and the mummy case in order to prepare the deceased for the journey to the afterworld.

This was an elaborate ritual which involved purification, censing (burning incense), anointing and incantations, as well as touching the mummy with ritual objects to restore the senses. Inside the The Ends bandages that wrapped the mummy, lay a number of different objects the King was supplied with for use in his after-life. He was supplied with a gold dagger and sheath to protect him during his journey to the after-life, and Essay Oversight Ethics, 143 amulets and pieces of jewelry were scattered through the several layers of bandages that wrapped his corpse. In conclusion it is state possible to say that Tutankhamen's tomb gave the modern world an excellent insight into on Government Oversight, the Egyptian's belief in the after-life. Both the tomb itself, and its contents, show how much importance the Egyptians placed on the doctrine of Wrong is Wrong Essay, Eternal life, and Essay Oversight Ethics, how strong their belief was that their King would be resurrected as a god. Thus, the Essay Global Economic Crisis tomb of Tutankhamen and its contents show that the Egyptian concern for the after-life, was very strong, and that they went to great lengths to Essay on and Corporate ensure that the Essay Global eternal life of their kings. Gardiner, Sir Alan. 1966 Eygpt of the Pharoahs. Great Britain: Oxford University Press. 1977 The Complete Pyramids, Solving the Ancient Mysteries. Great Britain: Thames and Hudson.

Chronology of the New Kingdom. Tombs of the Valley of the Kings. Model tomb in the American Museum of Natural History. Manchester Metropolitan University's site on the Tomb of Menna. Philosophy of History. Philosophy of Religion (Copyright (c) 1997 Kelley L. Essay On Government Oversight Ethics! Ross, Ph.D. All Rights Reserved) Gardiner, Sir Alan.

1966 Eygpt of the Pharoahs. Great Britain: Oxford University Press. 1977 The Complete Pyramids, Solving the is a worth it uk Ancient Mysteries. Great Britain: Thames and Hudson. Chronology of the New Kingdom. Tombs of the Valley of the Kings. Model tomb in the American Museum of Natural History. Manchester Metropolitan University's site on the Tomb of on Oversight and Corporate, Menna. Philosophy of History. Philosophy of Religion (Copyright (c) 1997 Kelley L. Ross, Ph.D.

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